亚博APP

高校毕业生赋闲创业百问(2017年版)

2018-01-26  


2017nian05yue23ri 15:28

gudongmianlizhidiangaoxiaobiyeshengmianxiangchengxiangxiaceng、zhongxibudiyuheminzudiyu、pinkudiyuhejianxinyaoyuandiyufuxian

1.shenmeshixiacengfuxian?

xiacengfuxianbianshidaochengxiangxiacengshiming。guodujinjinianchutaileyixilieyouhuizhengcegudongmianligaoxiaobiyeshengzidongdaochangshehuizhuyixincunluofuzhi、chengshishequfuzhiheyingzhengcanjun。tongsulaishuo,“xiaceng”jibaoluofanbocunluo,yebaoluochengshijiedaoshequ;jihangaixianjiyixiadangzhenggouzao、qiqijidanyuan,yebaoluoshehuixiaowo、feisiyouzhigouzaohezhongxiaoqiye;jibaoluodanyuanfuxian,yebaoluozilichuangye、zimouzhiye。

2.guodugudongmianlibiyeshengdaoxiacengfuxiandeshouyaoyouhuizhengcebaoluonaxie?

genju《zhonggongzhongjianbangongting guowuyuanbangongtingyinfa<duijinyibuzhidianhegudongmianligaoxiaobiyeshengdaoxiacengshimingdedingjian>degaosu》(zhongbanfa〔2016〕79hao)、genju《guowuyuanduijinyibuzuohaoxinqingshixiafuxianchuangyeshimingdedingjian》(guofa〔2015〕23hao)、《guowuyuanbangongtingduizuohao2014niantianxiatongsugaodangyaboappbiyeshengfuxianchuangyeshimingdegaosu》(guofa〔2014〕22hao)、《guowuyuanbangongtingduizuohao2013niantianxiatongsugaodangyaboappbiyeshengfuxianshimingdegaosu》(guobanfa〔2013〕35hao)he《guowuyuanduijinyibuzuohaotongsugaodangyaboappbiyeshengfuxianshimingdegaosu》(guofa〔2011〕16hao)dengwenjianhuading:

(1)wanmeirenweirenweijinyibuxiangxiacengqingxiedetili,jianquangaoxiaobiyeshengdaoxiacengshimingdebanshibaozhengjizhi,gudongmianlibiyeshengdaozhoulichugeshijiankuzhouligouzaoqijidanyuanshiming。

(2)duigaoxiaobiyeshengdaozhongxibudiyu、jianxinyaoyuandiyuhelaocaichanjidixianyixiaxiacengdanyuanfuxian、shixingbiranbanshikeride,anhuadingciyugaohuomibuheguoduzhuxuecunkuandaichang(benzhuankexianshengmeirenmeiyinianzuigaobukuayue8000yuan、yantaoshengmeirenmeiyinianzuigaobukuayue12000yuan)。

(3)lianxidangjucaibanbanshishimingdebiance,zaixiacengchugeshijiedao(zhouli)、shequ(cun)caibanyipidazhongcaochiheshehuibanshigangting,youxianyongyuxinagaoxiaobiyeshengfuxian。

(4)luoshiwanmeijianxibutiezhengce,duijianxiqimanliuyonglvdaoda50%yishangdejianxidanyuan,qiadangjinbujianxibutieguifan。

(5)jiangqiuzhibutiediaojiweiqiuzhichuangyebutie,gongjuguimokuozhandaoyiqudeguoduzhuxuecunkuandebiyeniandugaoxiaobiyesheng。

(6)jianxinyaoyuandiyuxiacenggouzaozhaolugaoxiaobiyeshengkeqiadangfangkuanxueli、zhuanyedengqianti,xiajiangkaikaobili,keshezhibiranshufangzhenzhiweimianxiangjubeibenshi、xianhujihuozaibenshi、xianchijiuhukoudegaoxiaobiyesheng。

gediyuyaolianxichengzhenhualichenghedazhongbanshijundenghuaqingqiu,chongshifajuejiaodao、xiuxifuxian、shehuibaozheng、yiliaoweisheng、zhufangbaozheng、shehuishiming、wenmingtiyujicanjirenbanshi、nongjifengxingdengxiacengdazhongcaochihebanshifanchoudefuxianqianli,xinagaoxiaobiyeshengfuxian。yaolianxibiancenongyekejiliyi、jianquannongyeshehuihuabanshixitongdeng,zhidiangengduogaoxiaobiyeshengtoushenxiandainongye。

3.guoduduizaixiacengshimingdegaoxiaobiyeshengzhiyechengzhangyounaxiegudongmianlizhengcetili?

genju《zhonggongzhongjianbangongting guowuyuanbangongtingyinfa<duijinyibuzhidianhegudongmianligaoxiaobiyeshengdaoxiacengshimingdedingjian>degaosu》(zhongbanfa〔2016〕79hao)、《guowuyuanduijinyibuzuohaoxinqingshixiafuxianchuangyeshimingdedingjian》(guofa〔2015〕23hao)、《guowuyuanbangongtingduizuohao2014niantianxiatongsugaodangyaboappbiyeshengfuxianchuangyeshimingdegaosu》(guofa〔2014〕22hao)、《guowuyuanbangongtingduizuohao2013niantianxiatongsugaodangyaboappbiyeshengfuxianshimingdegaosu》(guobanfa〔2013〕35hao)he《guowuyuanduijinyibuzuohaotongsugaodangyaboappbiyeshengfuxianshimingdegaosu》(guofa〔2011〕16hao)dengwenjianhuading:

(1)zaiganburencaitibarenyongjizhishang,jinyibuqianghuaxiacengshiminglvlidezhengcedaoxiang,xiangzaixiacengshimingdeyouyigaoxiaobiyeshengqingxie。

(2)zi2012nianqi,shengjiyishanggouzaorenminggongshiyuan,chuchugezhiweiwai,genjuyouguanhuadingyigaicongjubei2nianyishangxiacengshiminglvlidezhiyuanzhongkaolu。

(3)shidijiyishanggouzaoyingnachubiranshumuzhiweimianxiangjubeixiacengshiminglvlidegongshiyuantingzhigongrantiaoxuan。

(4)sheng、shijisuoshuqijidanyuanmianxiangshehuigongranguyongshi,yingnachubiranshumugangtinggongranguyongyouxiacengqijidanyuanshiminglvlidezhiyuan。youqiantidediyu,kemingbaixiangxigongrantiaoxuanhuoguyongdebili。

(5)gudongmianliguoyoudazhongxingqiyechenglijianquanrenlibenqiancaochigudongmianlijizhi,jiangzaixiacengchuchanhecaochiyixianbiaoxianyouyidegaoxiaobiyeshengguiruhoubeirencaibudui,jiadacongxiacengyixiantibarenyongzhongcengganbudelidu。

(6)duijubeixiacengshiminglvlidegaoxiaobiyesheng,zaiyantaoshengzhaoluheqijidanyuanxuanpinshishixingyouxian。

(7)gaoxiaobiyeshengzaizhongxibudiyuhejianxinyaoyuandiyuxianyixiaxiacengdanyuanchuzhizhuanyeshouyishiming,baogaoxiangyingzhichengshi,kebudaochangzhichengwaiyuceyanhuofangkuanwaiyuchengjiuqingqiu。chongshifajueshehuigouzaoxinagaoxiaobiyeshengfuxianqianli,duidaoshengchengjishengchengyixiachengshideshehuixiaowo、jijinhui、minbanfeiqiyedanyuanfuxiandegaoxiaobiyesheng,didiandidedazhongfuxianrencaibanshijigouyaofuzuocaochiluohushouxu,zaizhuanyeshouyizhichengpingdingfangmianxiangyongyuguoyouqiqijidanyuantongleizhiyuanhuayirenwei。

(8)duidaocunluoxiacenghechengshishequchuzhishehuicaochihedazhongbanshishimingdegaoxiaobiyesheng,heshigongyixinggangtingfuxianqiantibingzaigongyixinggangtingfuxiande,genjuguoduxianxingzengjinfuxianzhengcedehuading,ciyushehuibaoxianbutiehegongyixinggangtingbutie。

4.shenmeshixiacengshehuicaochihedazhongbanshigangting?

suoweixiacengshehuicaochihedazhongbanshigangting,baoluodaxianshengcunguan、zhijiao、zhinong、zhiyi、cunluofupin,hechengshishequdefalingzengyuan、fuxianzengyuan、shehuibaozhengxieli、wenmingkejibanshi、yanglaobanshi、canjirenjujiabanshi、lianzufangpeitaobanshidenggangting。

2009nian4yue,renlibenqianshehuibaozhengbushufa《duixuanbudiyipixiacengshehuicaochihedazhongbanshigangtingmucidegaosu》(renshebuhan〔2009〕135hao),xiangshehuixuanbudiyipixiacengshehuicaochihedazhongbanshigangtingmuci,yizhidiangedizuohaogudongmianlihezhidiangaoxiaobiyeshengdaoxiacengfuxiandeshiming。zheilingshoubudegangtingmucigongfenweixiacengrenlibenqianheshehuibaozhengcaochi、xiacengnongyebanshi、xiacengyiliaoweishengbanshi、xiacengwenmingkejibanshi、xiacengfalingbanshi、xiacengminzheng、tuolaotuoyou、zhucanbanshi、xiacengshizhengcaochi、xiacengdazhonghuanjingyujucuotilicaochibaohuheqiyudeng9daleifanchou,baoluozaijiedao(zhouli)、shequ(cun)dengxiacengdanyuanchuzhidazhongfuxianbanshi、shehuibaozheng、xiuxiganxidiaohe、xiuxijiancha、nongye、fupinchidi、yiliao、weisheng、baojian、fangyi、wenming、keji、tiyu、pufaxuanyang、minshidiaoji、tuolao、yanglao、tuoyou、zhucan、dazhongjucuotilizhuangbeicaochiyanghudengxiangganshijiancaochibanshishimingde50zhonggangting。

5.shenmeshiqiyuxiacengshehuicaochihedazhongbanshigangting?

zaijiedaoshequ、zhoulidengxiacengchidihuoshelidexiangyingdeshehuicaochihedazhongbanshigangting。jubuyoudangjuchuzi,huoyouxianggangouzaohedanyuanchuzi。suozhipeicaozongdezhiyuananhuadingxiangyongxiangganbutie。

6.shenmeshigongyixinggangting?

youdangjuchidi、yizhizushequjizhumindazhonghaochuweifangzhendecaochihebanshigangting。duiheshiqiantizaigongyixinggangtingandunfuxiandefuxianjiankuzhiyuan,anhuadingciyushehuibaoxianbutiehegangtingbutie。heshigongyixinggangtingandunqiantidefuxianjiankugaoxiaobiyesheng,keanhuadingxiangyonggongyixinggangtingfuxianzengyuanzhengce。

7.shenmeshigongyixinggangtingshehuibaoxianbutie?

genju《caizhengbu、renlibenqianshehuibaozhengbuduijinyibujiaqiangfuxianzhuanxiangzijincaochiyouguantifangzhengaosu》(caishe〔2011〕64hao)huading,duifuxianjiankuzhiyuandeshehuibaoxianbutieshixing“xianjiaohoubu”detili。zaigongyixinggangtingzhipeifuxianjiankuzhiyuan,bingjiaonashehuibaoxianfeide,anqiweifuxianjiankuzhiyuanxianshijiaonadegenjiyanglaobaoxianfei、genjiyiliaobaoxianfeihefuxianbaoxianfeiciyubutie,bubaoluofuxianjiankuzhiyuanxiaowoyingjiaonadegenjiyanglaobaoxianfei、genjiyiliaobaoxianfeihefuxianbaoxianfei,heqiye(danyuan)hexiaowoyingjiaonadeqiyushehuibaoxianfei。shehuibaoxianbutiekeri,tongsuzuizhangbukuayue3nian。

8.shenmeshigongyixinggangtingbutie?

duizaigongyixinggangtingzhipeifuxianjiankuzhiyuanfuxiandedanyuan,anqixianshizhipeifuxianjiankuzhiyuanrenshuciyugangtingbutie。gongyixinggangtingbutiekeri,tongsuzuizhangbukuayue3nian。

zaigongyixinggangtingzhipeifuxianjiankuzhiyuanfuxiandedanyuan,keanjixiangbendirenlibenqianshehuibaozhengjubuqingqiugongyixinggangtingbutie。gongyixinggangtingbutieqingqiucailiaoyingfu:heshixiangyonggongyixinggangtingbutieqiantidezhiyuanmingdanji《shenfenzheng》fuyinjian、《fuxianchuangyezheng》fuyinjian、fafangrenweimingxizhang(dan)、danyuanzaiyinxingkailidegenjizhanghudengpingjucailiao,jingrenlibenqianshehuibaozhengjubuchahehou,caizhengjubujiangbutiezijinfuchudaodanyuanzaiyinxingkailidegenjizhanghu。

9.weigudongmianligaoxiaobiyeshengmianxiangxiacengfuxian,shixinggaohuomibuhezhuxuecunkuandaichangzhengcedeshouyaoneirongshishenme?

genju《guowuyuanduijinyibuzuohaoxinqingshixiafuxianchuangyeshimingdedingjian》(guofa〔2015〕23hao)、《duidiaojiwanmeiguoduzhuxuecunkuanxiangganzhengcetilidegaosu》(caijiao〔2014〕180hao)、《caizhengbu、jiaodaobuduiyinfa〈gaodangyaboappbiyeshenggaohuoheguoduzhuxuecunkuandaichangzanxingtili〉degaosu》(caijiao〔2009〕15hao)dengwenjianhuading,gaoxiaobiyesheng(zhengrizhibenzhuanke、gaozhisheng、yantaosheng、dierxueshixueweibiyesheng)daozhongxibudiyu、jianxinyaoyuandiyuhelaocaichanjidixianyixiaxiacengdanyuanfuxian、shixingbiranbanshikeride,anhuadingciyugaohuomibuheguoduzhuxuecunkuandaichang。zaixiaojinxiushidaiqudeguoduzhuxuecunkuan(hangaoxiaoguoduzhuxuecunkuanheshengyuandixinyuzhuxuecunkuan,xiatong)de,mibudegaohuoyouxianyongyulechangguoduzhuxuecunkuanbenjinjiqiquanshulechangzhiqianfashengdeliqian。dingxiang、weipeihezaixiaoshidaiyixiangyongmianququanshugaohuozhengcedexianshengchuwai。

jinchao,guoduzhuxuecunkuanzanzhuguifanyidiaojiwei,zhengrizhitongsubenzhuankexiansheng(handierxueshixuewei、gaozhixiansheng,xiatong)meirenmeiyinianqingqiucunkuanedubukuayue8000yuan;niandugaohuoheliusufeiguifanzonghediyu8000yuande,cunkuanedukegenjugaohuoheliusufeiguifanzonghekending。zhengrizhiyantaoshengmeirenmeiyinianqingqiucunkuanedubukuayue12000yuan;niandugaohuoheliusufeiguifanzonghediyu12000yuande,cunkuanedukegenjugaohuoheliusufeiguifanzonghekending。

guoduzhuxuecunkuanzanzhuguifandiaojihou,《caizhengbujiaodaobu zongguwenbuduiyinfa〈gaodangyaboappxianshengyingzhengcanjunfuzerenbingyiguoduzanzhutili〉degaosu》(caijiao〔2013〕236hao)、《caizhengbujiaodaobu minzhengbu zongguwenbuzongzhengzhibuduishixingfuyibingshijiaodaozanzhuzhengcededingjian》(caijiao〔2011〕538hao)he《caizhengbujiaodaobuduiyinfa〈gaodangyaboappbiyeshenggaohuoheguoduzhuxuecunkuandaichangzanxingtili〉degaosu》(caijiao〔2009〕15hao)zhongyouguangaohuomibu、guoduzhuxuecunkuandaichanghegaohuozanzhudeguifan,xiangyingdiaojiweibenzhuankexianshengmeirenmeiyinianzuigaobukuayue8000yuan、yantaoshengmeirenmeiyinianzuigaobukuayue12000yuan。gaohuomibu、guoduzhuxuecunkuandaichanghegaohuozanzhudeqiyushibian,renganyuanhuadingshixing。

10.guodushixingmibugaohuohedaichangzhuxuecunkuandefuxiandiyuguimobaoluonaxie?

guoduduidaozhongxibudiyuhejianxinyaoyuandiyuxiacengdanyuanfuxian、bingshixingbiranbanshikeridezhongjianjubusuoshugaoxiaobiyesheng,anhuadingshixingxiangyingdegaohuomibuhezhuxuecunkuandaichang。zheilichujidediyuguimoshouyaobaoluo:

(1)xibudiyu:xizang、neimenggu、guangxi、zhongqing、sichuan、guizhou、yunnan、shanxi、gansu、qinghai、ningxia、xinjiangdeng12gesheng(zizhiqu、zhixiashi);

(2)zhongbudiyu:hebei、shanxi、jilin、heilongjiang、anhui、jiangxi、henan、hubei、hunan、hainandeng10gesheng;

(3)jianxinyaoyuandiyu:youguowuyuankendingdejingjichengdu、qiantijiaochadeyixiezhou、xianheduoshuminzudiyu。(gaikuangkedengluzhongguodangjuwangchawen:)

(4)xiacengdanyuan:

① zhongxibudiyuhejianxinyaoyuandiyuxianyixiagouzao、qiqijidanyuan,baoluoxiang(zhen)dangjugouzao、cunluozhongxiaoxue、guoyounong(mu、lin)chang、nongyeshouyifengxingzhan、chumushouyizhan、zhouliweishengyuan、dasuanshengyangbanshizhan、zhouliwenmingzhan、zhoulixiuxifuxianbanshizhandeng;

② shimingxianyuandichuyishangdiyuxianyixiadejingxiangxingxiang、didong、dizhi、shuidianshigong、meitan、meiyou、fanhai、hecaichandengzhongjiandanyuanjianxinxingyechuchandiyixian。

11.gaohuomibuhezhuxuecunkuandaichangdeguifanhenianxianshijiduo?

gaohuomibu、guoduzhuxuecunkuandaichangjigaohuojianmianguifan,benzhuankeshengmeirenmeiyinianzuigaobukuayue8000yuan,yantaoshengmeirenmeiyinianzuigaobukuayue12000yuan。

benke、zhuanke(gaozhi)、yantaoshenghedierxueshixueweibiyeshengmibugaohuohuodaichangguoduzhuxuecunkuandenianxian,bieligenjuguoduhuadingdexiangyingxuezhijijiao。zaixiaojinxiudeshihoudiyuxiangyingxuezhihuadingnianxiande,genjuxianshijinxiushihoujijiaomibugaohuohuodaichangzhuxuecunkuannianxian。zaixiaojinxiushihougaoyuxiangyingxuezhinianxiande,genjuxuezhihuadingnianxianjijiao。

meiyinianyuechanggaohuohuoguoduzhuxuecunkuanzongedesanfenzhiyi,sannianyuechangzhongle。

12.zhongjianjubusuoshugaoxiaobiyeshengruoheqingqiugaohuomibuhezhuxuecunkuandaichang?

(1)zaicaochilixiaoshouxushixiangyaboappdijiao《gaohuoheguoduzhuxuecunkuandaichangqingqiubiao》hebiyeshengziji、fuxiandanyuanyuyaboappsanfangqiandingdedaozhongxibudiyu、jianxinyaoyuandiyuhelaocaichanjidixianyixiaxiacengdanyuanbanshi3nianyishangdefuxianhetan;

(2)zaixiaojinxiushidaiqudeguoduzhuxuecunkuande,zaiyuguoduzhuxuecunkuanbaobanyinxingqiandingbiyehouhaikuandasuanshi,shenmingyiqingqiuguoduzhuxuecunkuandaichang,ruqudeguoduzhuxuecunkuandaichangzili,buxuzixingxiangyinxinghaikuan;

(3)gaoxiaodanfuchachaoqingqiuzilibingshangbaotianxiaxianshengzanzhucaochizhongjian。

13.chusuosuoshugaoxiaobiyeshengdaoxiacengfuxianruohequdegaohuomibuhezhuxuecunkuandaichang?

genju《caizhengbu、jiaodaobuduiyinfa〈gaodangyaboappbiyeshenggaohuoheguoduzhuxuecunkuandaichangzanxingtili〉degaosu》(caijiao〔2009〕15hao)qingqiu,gediyaofangsongyantaonidingbendisuoshugaoxiaobiyeshengmianxiangbenxiaqujianxinyaoyuandiyuxiacengdanyuanfuxiandegaohuomibuhezhuxuecunkuandaichangtili。chusuosuoshugaoxiaobiyeshengdaoxiacengfuxianshibushikeyihuoxuhuoxuqudegaohuomibuhuoguoduzhuxuecunkuandaichang,heruoheqingqiucaochimibuhuodaichangdeng,qingxiangyaboappdidiandidangjuyouguanjubuchawen。

14.daoxiacengfuxianruohecaochihukou、dangan、dangtuanganxidengshouxu?

duidaozhongxibudiyu、jianxinyaoyuandiyuhelaocaichanjidixianyixiaxiacengdanyuanfuxiandegaoxiaobiyesheng,shixingwanglailaiwangzizaidezhengce,hukoukeliuzaikejihuogenjuzijizhiyuanqianwangfuxiandiyu;renshidanganzhunshengshangtongyizhuanzhifuxiandanyuandidiandidexianjidangjurenlibenqianshehuibaozhengjubu,youdazhongfuxianherencaibanshijigougongyingshoufeirenshidaibanshulibanshi;dangtuangouzaoganxizhuanzhifuxiandanyuan,zaishimingshidaizidongqingqiurudangde,youzhouliyijidanggouzaoanhuadingfashicaochi。

15.zhongjianyouguanjubushixinglenaxiexiacengfuxianmingmu?

zuijinjinianlai,zhongjiangeyouguanjubushouyaogouzaoshixingle5gezhidiangaoxiaobiyeshengdaoxiacengfuxiandetedimingmu,baoluo:tuanzhongjian、jiaodaobu、caizhengbu、renlibenqianshehuibaozhengbudengsijubucong2003nianqigouzaoshixingde“daxianshengzhiyuanbanshixibudasuan”;zhongzubu、renlibenqianshehuibaozhengbu、jiaodaobudengbajubucong2006nianqitougouzaoshixingde“sanzhiyifu”(zhijiao、zhinong、zhiyihefupin)dasuan;jiaodaobu、caizhengbu、renlibenqianshehuibaozhengbu、zhongjianbianbandengsijubucong2006nianqitougouzaoshixingde“cunluozerenjiaodaojieduanyaboappjiaoyuanteshegangtingdasuan”;zhongzubu、jiaodaobu、caizhengbu、renlibenqianshehuibaozhengbudengjubucong2008nianqigouzaoshixingde“xuanpingaoxiaobiyeshengdaocunrenzhishiming”;nongyebu、renshebu、jiaodaobudengjubucong2103nianqigouzaoshixingde“nongyeshouyifengxingbanshiteshegangtingdasuan”。

16.shenmeshicunluozerenjiaodaojieduanyaboappjiaoyuanteshegangtingdasuan

2006nian,jiaodaobu、caizhengbu、yuanrenshibu、zhongjianbianbanxiafa《duishixingcunluozerenjiaodaojieduanyaboappjiaoyuanteshegangtingdasuandegaosu》(jiaoyuan〔2006〕2hao),lianxiqidongshixing“tegangdasuan”,gongranguyonggaoxiaobiyeshengdao“liangji”gongjianxiancunluozerenjiaodaojieduanyaboapprenjiao。tegangjiaoyuanpinqi3nian。

17.cunluojiaoyuantegangdasuanshixingdediyuguimobaoluonaxie?

2006-2008nian“tegangdasuan”deshixingguimoyiguoduxibudiyu“liangji”gongjianxianweizhu(hanxinjiangchuchanfuzhibingtuandejubutuanchang),baoluoguiruguoduxibuchididasuandejubuzhongbushengfendeduoshuminzuzizhizhou,qiadangjianguxibudiyuyixieyouchugejiankudejiangyuxian、duoshuminzuzizhixianheshaoxiaominzuxian。2009nian,shixingguimokuozhandaozhongxibudiyuguodufupinchidishimingzhongdianxian。2015-2016nianzhongjiantegangdasuanshixingguimoxiangxiwei:《zhongguocunluofupinchidigangling(2011-2020nian)》kendingde11gejihelianpianchugejiankudiyuhesishengzangquxian,zhongxibudiyuguodufupinchidishimingzhongdianxian,shengjifupinchidishimingzhongdianxian,xibudiyuyuan“liangji”gongjianxian(hanxinjiangchuchanfuzhibingtuandejubutuanchang),guiruguoduxibuchididasuandejubuzhongbushengfendeduoshuminzuzizhizhouhexibudiyuyixieyouchugejiankudejiangyuxian,duoshuminzuzizhixianheshaoxiaominzuxian。tegangdasuanshegangxian(shi),bixushijiaoyuanzhengtiquebian、bujuxingdichutuqidexian(shi)。

18.cunluojiaoyuantegangdasuanguyonggongjuheqiantishishenme?

(1)yigaodangshifanyuanxiaoheqiyuzhengrizhitongsugaoxiaoyingjiebenkebiyeshengweizhu,kezhaoshaoxuyingjieshifanleizhuanyezhuankebiyesheng。

(2)qudejiaoyuanzili,jubeibiranjiaodaojiangshouxianshilvli,chunqiuzai30suiyixiadezhengrizhitongsugaoxiaowangjiebenkebiyesheng。

(3)daochangguo“daxianshengzhiyuanbanshixibudasuan”、youcongjiaolvlidezhiyuanzhehedaochangguobannianyishanglianxizhijiaodeshifanyuanxiaobiyeshenghuayiqiantixiayouxian。

(4)baomingzheyingtongshiheshijiaoyuanziliqiantiqingqiuheguyonggangtingqingqiu。

19.cunluojiaoyuantegangdasuandeguyongfashiyounaxie?

tegangjiaoyuanshixinggongranguyong,gongyuecaochi。gongyuehuadingyongrendanyuanheguyongzhiyuanliangbiandequanlihezeren。

guyongshimingyoushengjijiaodao、renlibenqianshehuibaozheng、caizheng、bianbandengxiangganjubugongtongdanfu,zunshou“gongran、gongyun、zhiyuan、zeyou”he“sanding”(dingxian、dingxiao、dinggang)zhunsheng,anyixiafashitingzhi:①xuanbuxuyao,②zhiyuanbaoming,③zilichachao,④ceyanchahe,⑤jihepeixun,⑥zilirending,⑦qiandinggongyue,⑧shanggangrenjiao。

20.shenmeshixuanpingaoxiaobiyeshengdaocunrenzhi?

2008nian,zhongzubu、jiaodaobu、caizhengbu、renlibenqianheshehuibaozhengbuchutaile《duiyinfa〈duixuanpingaoxiaobiyeshengdaocunrenzhishimingdedingjian(shixing)〉degaosu》(zutongzi〔2008〕18hao),dasuanyongwunianshihouxuanpin10wanminggaoxiaobiyeshengdaocunluodanfucundangzhibubugaozhuli、cunweihuizhurenzhulihuotuanzhibubugao、fubugaodengzhiwu。cong2010nianqitou,kuozhanxuanpinguimo,manmanwancheng“yicunyiweidaxianshengcunguan”dasuandefangzhen。xuanpindegaoxiaobiyeshengzaicunshimingkeritongsuwei2-3nian。

21.xuanpindaocunrenzhidegongjushishenme?yaozhizunaxieqianti?xuanpinfashishishenme?

xuanpingongjuwei30suiyixiayingjiehewangjiebiyedezhengrizhitongsugaoxiaozhuankeyishangxuelidebiyesheng,zhongdianshiyingjiebiyehebiye1zhi2niandebenkesheng、yantaosheng,zhunshengshangweizhonggongdangyuan(hanyubeidangyuan),feizhonggongdangyuandeyouyituanganbu、youyixianshengganbuyekeyihuoxuhuoxuxuanpin。

genjiqiantishi:①siweizhengzhibenzhihao,fenggejiezhuang,xianglekeku,gouzaojilvkanfaqiang。②jinxiuchengjiujiechu,jubeibirandegouzaodiaohecaineng。③zhiyuandaocunluoxiacengshiming。④shencaiankang。biede,daochangrenlibenqianshehuibaozhengbu、tuanzhongjiandengjubugouzaodedaocunluoxiacengbanshide“sanzhiyifu”、“zhiyuanbanshixibudasuan”denggoudangqimandegaoxiaobiyesheng,zijizhiyuanqiejubeixuanpinqiantide,jinggouzaobaojukezuoweixuanpingongju。

xuanpinshimingtongsujingyoulichengxiaowobaoming、zilichachao、gouzaochahe、tijian、gongshi、jueyipinqing、peixunshanggangdengfashitingzhi。

22.shenmeshi“sanzhiyifu”dasuan?

sanzhiyifushizhijiao、zhiyi、zhinong、fupindejiancheng。2006nian,zhongzubu、yuanrenshibudengbajubushufa《duigouzaozhankaigaoxiaobiyeshengdaocunluoxiacengchuzhizhijiao、zhinong、zhiyihefupinshimingdegaosu》(guorenbufa〔2006〕16hao),yigongranzhaomu、zhiyuanbaoming、gouzaotiba、tongyidiaopaidetili,cong2006nianqitouchixu5nian,meiyinianzhaomu2wanminggaoxiaobiyesheng,shouyaozhipeidaozhoulichuzhizhijiao、zhinong、zhiyihefupinshiming。banshikeritongsuwei2-3nian。zhaomugongjushouyaoweitianxiatongsugaoxiaoyingjiebiyesheng。

2011nian4yue,renlibenqianshehuibaozhengbushufa《duichixuzuohaogaoxiaobiyeshengsanzhiyifudasuanshixingshimingdegaosu》(renshebufa〔2011〕27hao),jueyichixugouzaozhankaigaoxiaobiyesheng“sanzhiyifu”dasuan,cong2011nianqi,meiyiniantiba2wanming,wunianneitiba10wanminggaoxiaobiyeshengdaoxiacengchuzhi“sanzhiyifu”banshi。

23.shenmeshidaxianshengzhiyuanbanshixibudasuan?

daxianshengzhiyuanbanshixibudasuanyougongqingtuanzhongjianqiantou,jiaodaobu、caizhengbu、renlibenqianshehuibaozhengbugongtonggouzaoshixing。cong2003nianqitou,meiyinianzhaomu1.8wanmingtongsugaodangyaboappyingjiebiyesheng,daoxibupinkuxiandezhoulichuzhiweiqi1-3niandejiaodao、weisheng、nongji、fupinheqingnianzhongjianfuzhihecaochidengfangmiandezhiyuanbanshishiming。

24.shenmeshinongyeshouyifengxingbanshiteshegangtingdasuan?

nongyeshouyifengxingbanshiteshegangtingdasuanyounongyebuqiantou,renlibenqianshehuibaozhengbu、jiaodaobuhekejibugongtonggouzaoshixing。cong2013nianqitou,meiyinianzhaomuyipitongsugaodangyaboappyingjiebiyesheng,daozhoulihuodiyuxingnongyeshouyifengxingjigouchuzhiweiqi2-3niandenongyeshouyifengxing、dongdongwuyibingfangkong、nongchanwupinzhiningjingbanshidengshiming。

25.daochangzhongjianjubugouzaoshixingdexiacengfuxianmingmu,banshiqimanhouxiangyongnaxieyouhuizhengce?

genjuzhongzubu、renlibenqianshehuibaozhengbu、jiaodaobu、caizhengbu、gongqingtuanzhongjian《duijiangushixingzhidiangaoxiaobiyeshengdaocunluoxiacengbanshibianmushimingdegaosu》(renshebufa〔2009〕42hao)dengzhengcehuading,daochangzhongjianjubugouzaoshixingdexiacengfuxianmingmu、banshiqimandebiyesheng,xiangyongyixiayouhuizhengce:

(1)gongshiyuanzhaoluyouhui:meiyiniannachugongshiyuankaoludasuandebiranbili,tediyongyudingxiangzhaolubanshiqimanqiechahechengzhi(jige)debanshixiacengmingmuzhiyuan。banshixiacengmingmuzhiyuanyekebaokaoqiyuzhiwei。

(2)qijidanyuanguyongyouhui:gudongmianlizaimingmujunshihouliuzaibendifuxian,daochanggexiacengfuxianmingmujueduiyingdetianranjianyuankonggang,quanshupinqingbanshiqimandegaoxiaobiyesheng。cong2009nianqi,daozhouliqijidanyuanbanshidegaoxiaobiyeshengbanshiman1nianhou,zaixiangangtingkongbaihuanjingxia,jingchahejige,biankeyudidiandanyuanqiandingbushaoyu3niandepinqinggongyue。tongshi,gesheng(qu、shi)xianjixianyishangxianggandeqijidanyuangongranguyongshimingzhiyuan,yingnachubudiyu40%debili,pinqinggetedimingmubanshiqimanchahejigedegaoxiaobiyesheng。

(3)kaoxueshengxueyouhui:banshiqimanhousannianneibaokaoshuoshiyantaoshengchushizongfenjia10fen;huayiqiantixiayouxiandengke;gaozhi(gaozhuan)xianshengkemianshiruduchengrenbenke。

(4)guodumibugaohuohedaichangzhuxuecunkuanzhengce:daochanggexiacengfuxianmingfangzhenbiyesheng,heshihuadingqiantide,kexiangyongxiangyingdegaohuomibuhezhuxuecunkuandaichangzhengce。

(5)banshiqimanzilichuangyede,kexiangyongshuishouyouhui、xingzhengqijixingshoufeijianmian、xiaoecunkuanbaoguanhetiexidengyouguanzhengce。

(6)qiyu:gexiacengfuxianmingmubanshinianxianjijiaogongling。banshiqimandaoqiyefuxiande,genjuhuadingzhuanjieshehuibaoxianganxi。

26.gaoxiaobiyeshengdaojianxinyaoyuandiyuhuoguodufupinchidishimingzhongdianxianfuxianyoushenmeyouhuizhengce?

genju《zhonggongzhongjianbangongting guowuyuanbangongtingyinfa<duijinyibuzhidianhegudongmianligaoxiaobiyeshengdaoxiacengshimingdedingjian>degaosu》(zhongbanfa〔2016〕79hao)wenjianhuading:

(1)duidaozhongxibudiyu、xinandiyuhuojianxinyaoyuandiyu、guodufupinchidishimingzhongdianxianxianyixiagouzaoqijidanyuanshimingdegaoxiaobiyesheng,xinrenmingweigongshiyuande,shiyongqirenweikejianjieanshiyongqimanhourenweikending,shiyongqimanchahejigehoudejibierenwei,zaiweidaochangjianxinyaoyuandiyuhuoguodufupinchidishimingzhongdianxiandezhongxibudiyuhexinandiyudegaodingyidang,zaisanleijiyixiajianxinyaoyuandiyuhuoguodufupinchidishimingzhongdianxiandegaodingliangdang,zaisileijiyishangjianxinyaoyuandiyudegaodingsandang。

(2)guyongweiqijidanyuanzhengshishimingzhiyuande,ketizaozhuanzhengdingji,zhuanzhengdingjishidexinjirenwei,zaiweidaochangjianxinyaoyuandiyuhuoguodufupinchidishimingzhongdianxiandezhongxibudiyuhexinandiyudegaodingyiji,zaisanleijiyixiajianxinyaoyuandiyuhuoguodufupinchidishimingzhongdianxiandegaodingliangji,zaisileijiyishangjianxinyaoyuandiyudegaodingsanji。

(3)luoshiduizhouligouzaoqijidanyuanshimingzhiyuanshixingdeshimingbutiezhengce,yihoubutiechengdubudiyuyuerenjun200yuan,bingxiangqiantijianxindepianpizhoulihechijiuzaizhoulishimingdezhiyuanqingxie。luoshijianxinyaoyuandiyubutiezengjiajizhi。

gudongmianliqiyechugeshizhongxiaoqiyexinagaoxiaobiyeshengfuxian

27.guoduduigudongmianlizhongxiaoqiyexinagaoxiaobiyeshengyounaxiezhengcetili?

genju《guowuyuanduijinyibuzuohaoxinqingshixiafuxianchuangyeshimingdedingjian》(guofa〔2015〕23hao)、《guowuyuanbangongtingduizuohao2014niantianxiatongsugaodangyaboappbiyeshengfuxianchuangyeshimingdegaosu》(guofa〔2014〕22hao)、《guowuyuanbangongtingduizuohao2013niantianxiatongsugaodangyaboappbiyeshengfuxianshimingdegaosu》(guobanfa〔2013〕35hao)、《guowuyuanduijinyibuchengchixiaoxingweixingqiyeankangchengzhangdedingjian》(guofa〔2012〕14hao)he《guowuyuanduijinyibuzuohaotongsugaodangyaboappbiyeshengfuxianshimingdegaosu》(guofa〔2011〕16hao)dengwenjianhuading:

(1)duizhaoshougaoxiaobiyeshengdaodabiranshufangzhenzhongxiaoqiye,chusuocaizhengyingyouxianzhenzhuozhipeichanfuzhongxiaoqiyechengzhangzijin,bingyouxiangongyingshouyigexincunkuantiexi。

(2)duixiuximijixingxiaoqiyexishixinzhaoshouguahaofuxiangaoxiaobiyesheng,daodaqiyexianyoutuizhizhigongzongshu30%(kuayue100rendeqiyeda15%)yishang,bingyuqiqianding1nianyishangxiuxigongyuedexiuximijixingxiaoqiye,keanhuadingqingqiuzuigaobukuayue200wanyuandexiaoebaoguancunkuanbingxiangyong50%decaizhengtiexi。

(3)gaoxiaobiyeshengdaozhongxiaoqiyefuxiande,zaizhuanyeshouyizhichengpingding、keyanmingmujingfeiqingqiu、keyangongxiaohuoshengyuchenghubaogaodengfangmian,xiangyongyuguoyouqiqijidanyuantongleizhiyuanhuayirenwei。

(4)duixiaoweiqiyexinzhaoyongbiyeniandugaoxiaobiyesheng,qianding1nianyishangxiuxigongyuebingjiaonashehuibaoxianfeide,ciyu1nianshehuibaoxianbutie。

28.guoduduizhidianguoyouqiyexinagaoxiaobiyeshengfuxianyounaxiezhengcetili?

genju《guowuyuanduijinyibuzuohaoxinqingshixiafuxianchuangyeshimingdedingjian》(guofa〔2015〕23hao)、《guowuyuanbangongtingduizuohao2014niantianxiatongsugaodangyaboappbiyeshengfuxianchuangyeshimingdegaosu》(guofa〔2014〕22hao)、《guowuyuanbangongtingduizuohao2013niantianxiatongsugaodangyaboappbiyeshengfuxianshimingdegaosu》(guobanfa〔2013〕35hao)he《duizuohao2013-2014nianguoyouqiyezhaoshougaoxiaobiyeshengshimingyouguanshibiandegaosu》(guozitingfafenpai〔2013〕37hao)dengwenjianhuading:

(1)chengdangduikouzengyuanxizang、qinghai、xinjiangshimingdezhongjianqiyeyaolianxizengyuanmingmufuzhi,zidongxinabendigaoxiaobiyeshengfuxian。

(2)chengliguoyouqiqijidanyuangongranguyongguizhi,biancewanchengguyongxinxigongran、lichenggongranhegongxiaogongran。

(3)guoyouqiyeguyongyingjiegaoxiaobiyesheng,chushemidengchugegangtingwai,yaoshixinggongranguyong,guyongyingjiegaoxiaobiyeshengxinxiyaozaidangjuwangzhangongranxuanbu,baomingshihoubushaoyu7tian;duinipinzhiyuanyingtingzhigongshi,mingbaijianshiqudao,gongshiqibushaoyu7tian。

29.qiyezhaoshoufuxianjiankugaoxiaobiyeshengxiangyongshenmeyouhuizhengce?

genju《caizhengbu、renlibenqianshehuibaozhengbuduijinyibujiaqiangfuxianzhuanxiangzijincaochiyouguantifangzhengaosu》(caishe〔2011〕64hao)huading,duigezhongqiye(danyuan)zhaoyongheshiqiantidefuxianjiankugaoxiaobiyesheng,yuzhiqiandingxiuxigongyuebingjiaonashehuibaoxianfeide,anqiweifuxianjiankugaoxiaobiyeshengxianshijiaonadegenjiyanglaobaoxianfei、genjiyiliaobaoxianfeihefuxianbaoxianfeiciyubutie,bubaoluoqiye(danyuan)hexiaowoyingjiaonadeqiyushehuibaoxianfei。

genju《fuxianzengjinfa》youguanhuading,fuxianjiankuzhiyuanshizhiyinshencaizhuangkuang、shouyichengdu、jiatingshenfen、luokongdipandengyuanyounanyiwanchengfuxian,hechixufuxianbiranshihourengweinengwanchengfuxiandezhiyuan。fuxianjiankuzhiyuandexiangxiguimo,yousheng、zizhiqu、zhixiashigongmindangjugenjubenxingzhengdiyudexianshihuanjinghuading。

qiye(danyuan)anjijiangheshixiangyongshehuibaoxianbutieqiantizhiyuandejiaofeihuanjinglingdingliechu,xiangbendirenlibenqianshehuibaozhengjubuqingqiubutie。shehuibaoxianbutieqingqiucailiaoyingfu:heshixiangyongshehuibaoxianbutieqiantidezhiyuanmingdanji《shenfenzheng》fuyinjian、《fuxianchuangyezheng》fuyinjian、xiuxihehuayifuxianzhengshicailiaofuyinjian、shehuibaoxianzhengjiaojigouchujudeshehuibaoxianfeimingxizhang(dan)、qiye(danyuan)zaiyinxingkailidegenjizhanghudengpingjucailiao,jingrenlibenqianshehuibaozhengjubuchahehou,caizhengjubujiangbutiezijinfuchudaoqiye(danyuan)zaiyinxingkailidegenjizhanghu。

30.qiyeweigaoxiaobiyeshengzhankaigangqianpeixunxiangyongshenmeyouhuizhengce?

genju《guowuyuanduijinyibuzuohaoxinqingshixiafuxianchuangyeshimingdedingjian》(guofa〔2015〕23hao)、《guowuyuanbangongtingduizuohao2014niantianxiatongsugaodangyaboappbiyeshengfuxianchuangyeshimingdegaosu》(guofa〔2014〕22hao)、《caizhengbu、renlibenqianshehuibaozhengbuduijinyibujiaqiangfuxianzhuanxiangzijincaochiyouguantifangzhengaosu》(caishe〔2011〕64hao)dengwenjianhuading,qiyexinrenmingbiyeniandugaoxiaobiyeshengyuqiqianding6geyueyishangkerixiuxigongyue,zaixiuxigongyueqiandingzhiriqi6geyueneiyouqiyeyituosuoshupeixunjigouhuodangjurendingdepeixunjigouzhankaigangqianfuxianshouyipeixunde,genjupeixunhouchixushixingxiuxigongyuehuanjing,genjubendikendingdezhiyepeixunbutieguifandebiranbili,duiqiyeciyudingezhiyepeixunbutie。

qiyezhankaigangqianpeixunqian,xujiangpeixundasuangangling、peixunzhiyuanhunmingceji《shenfenzheng》fuyinjian、xiuxigongyuefuyinjiandengcailiaobaobendirenlibenqianshehuibaozhengjububeian,peixunhougenjuxiuxizhechixushixingxiuxigongyuehuanjing,xiangrenlibenqianshehuibaozhengjubuqingqiuzhiyepeixunbutie。qingqiucailiaojingrenlibenqianshehuibaozhengjubuchahehou,caizhengjubuanhuadingjiangbutiezijinjianjieboruqiyezaiyinxingkailidegenjizhanghu。qiyeqingqiuzhiyepeixunbutieyingfu:peixunzhiyuanhunmingce、peixunzhiyuan《shenfenzheng》fuyinjian、《fuxianchuangyezheng》fuyinjian、xiuxigongyuefuyinjian、zhiyepeixunjigezhengshudengpingjucailiao。

duixiaoxingweixingqiyexinzhaoyonggaoxiaobiyeshenganhuadingzhankaigangqianpeixunde,gediyaogenjubendiwujiachengdu,qiadangjinbupeixunfeibutieguifan。

31.gaoxiaobiyeshengcongqiyedaogouzaoqijidanyuanfuxianhougonglingruohejijiao?

genju《guowuyuanduijinyibuzuohaotongsugaodangyaboappbiyeshengfuxianshimingdegaosu》(guofa〔2011〕16hao)dengwenjianhuading,gaoxiaobiyeshengcongqiye、shehuixiaowodaogouzaoqijidanyuanfuxiande,qianhuadingdaochangqiyezhigonggenjiyanglaobaoxiandejiaofeinianxianguibingweichixugongling。

32.gaoxiaobiyeshengdaoqiyechugeshizhongxiaoqiyefuxiankefouzaibendiluohu?

genju《guowuyuanbangongtingduizuohao2014niantianxiatongsugaodangyaboappbiyeshengfuxianchuangyeshimingdegaosu》(guofa〔2014〕22hao)、《guowuyuanbangongtingduizuohao2013niantianxiatongsugaodangyaboappbiyeshengfuxianshimingdegaosu》(guobanfa〔2013〕35hao)wenjianhuading,yaojianhuagaoxiaobiyeshengfuxianfashi,xiaomiqizaichabiediyu、chabiefanlidanyuanzhijiangoudangfuxiandeguizhixingfangai。shizailuoshiyunxubaoluozhuankeshengzaineidegaoxiaobiyeshengzaijiu(chuang)yedicaochiluohushouxudezhengce(zhixiashianyouguanhuadingshixing)。

shengchengjiyixiachengshiyaopukaiduilingshougaoxiaobiyeshengluohudexianding,jianhuayouguanshouxu,yingjiebiyeshengping《tongsugaodangyaboappbiyezhengshu》、《tianxiatongsugaodangyaboappbiyeshengfuxianbaodaozheng》、yuyongrendanyuanqiandingde《fuxianhetanshu》huoxiuxi(pinqing)gongyuecaochiluohushouxu;feiyingjiebiyeshengpingyuyongrendanyuanqiandingdexiuxi(pinqing)gongyuehe《tongsugaodangyaboappbiyezhengshu》caochiluohushouxu。gaoxiaobiyeshengdaoxiaoxingweixingqiyefuxian、zilichuangyede,qidangankeyoubendishi、xianyijidedazhongfuxianrencaibanshijigoushoufeibaocun。caochigaoxiaobiyeshengdanganzhuandishouxu,zhuanzhengdingjibiao、diaojigaipaishouxubuzaizuoweilingshouchahedangandebibeicailiao。

33. goudangzhiyuanrenshidanganruohebaocun?

genju《duijinyibujiaqianggoudangzhiyuanrenshidangancaochibanshishimingdegaosu》(renshebufa〔2014〕90hao)、《goudangzhiyuanrenshidangancaochizanxinghuading》huading,goudangzhiyuandanganxiangxibaoluo:feisiyouzhiqiyeheshehuigouzaopinqingzhiyuandedangan;gaotuijiegu、daxiaolu(pin)yonghuobeijiegudegouzaoqijidanyuanshimingzhiyuandangan;yuqiqijidanyuanxiaochuhuotingzhixiuxi(pinqing)ganxizhiyuandedangan;weifuxiandegaoxiaobiyeshengjizhongzhuanbiyeshengdedangan;gongfeichuguoliuxuejiqiyuyinsichuguo(jing)zhiyuandedangan;benguoqiyechangzhudaibiaojigoudezhongfangguyuandedangan;zituizhiyehuojiaojiefuxianzhiyuandedangan;qiyushixingshehuicaochizhiyuandedangan。

goudangzhiyuanrenshidangancaochishixingjigongyueyi、guikoucaochidecaochixitongtili,zhuguanjubuweidangjurenlibenqianshehuibaozhengjubu,jieguantongjidangweigouzaojubudejianshihezhidian。goudangzhiyuanrenshidanganxiangxiyouxianjiyishang(hanxianji)dazhongfuxianherencaibanshijitanpanjingrenlibenqianshehuibaozhengjubushouquandedanyuancaochi,qiyudanyuanweijingshouquanbudecaochigoudangzhiyuanrenshidangan。yanjinxiaowobaocunzijihuobierendedangan。kuadiyugoudangzhiyuanderenshidangan,keyouqihujididiandihuoxianshimingdanyuandidiandidedazhongfuxianherencaibanshijigoucaochi。

gaoxiaobiyeshengdaojubeidangancaochiquanxiandegouzao、qijidanyuan、guoyouqiyefuxiande,youdanyuanjianjielingshou、caochidangan。daowudangancaochiquanxiandedanyuan(gongyingqiye、waiziqiyedeng)fuxiande,keyougedidazhongfuxianherencaibanshijigoudanfugongyingdangancaochidengrenshidaibanshulibanshi。gaoxiaobiyeshenglixiaoshibufuxiande,dangankeyouyaboapptongyifahaiyuanhujididiandidazhongfuxianherencaibanshijigoubaocun。danganbuyunxuxiaowobaocun。

2015nian1yue1riqi,daxiaoshouqurenshiganxijidanganbaocunfei、chayuefei、zhengshifei、danganzhuandifeidengmingfangzhenyongdu。gejidazhongfuxianherencaibanshijigouyinggongyingshoufeidegoudangzhiyuanrenshidangangenjidazhongbanshi。

34.shenmeshirenshidaibanshuli?gaoxiaobiyeshengruohecaochirenshidaibanshuli?

dazhongfuxianherencaibanshijigoukezaihuadingtingyeguimoneijieguanyongrendanyuanhexiaowobaituo,chuzhiyixiarenshidaibanshulibanshi:(1)goudangzhiyuanrenshidangancaochi;(2)yinsichuguozhengshen;(3)zaihuadingdeguimoneibaogaohuogouzaopingshenzhuanyeshouyizhiwurenzhizili;(4)zhuanzhengdingjihegonglingheding;(5)dazhongzhuanbiyeshenglingshoushouxu;(6)qiyurenshidaibanshulishibian。

genju《rencaishichangcaochihuading》youguanhuading,renshidaibanshulitilikeyoudanyuanxiaowobaituodaibanshuli,yekeyouxiaowobaituodaibanshuli;keduoxiangbaituodaibanshuli,yekedanxiangbaituodaibanshuli;kedanyuanquanyuanbaituodaibanshuli,yekejubuzhiyuanbaituodaibanshuli。

danyuancaochibaituorenshidaibanshuli,xuxiangdaibanshulijigoutijiaoyouyongzhengjianhebaituoshu,kendingbaituodaibanshulimingmu。jingdaibanshulijigouhedinghou,youdaibanshulijigouyubaituodanyuanqiandingrenshidaibanshuligongyueshu,mingbailiangbiandequanlihezeren,chenglirenshidaibanshuliganxi。

35.gaoxiaobiyeshengruoheyuyongrendanyuandinglixiuxigongyue?

xiuxigongyuefadiqitiaohuading,yongrendanyuanziyonggongzhiriqijiyuxiuxizhechenglixiuxiganxi。dishitiaohuading,chenglixiuxiganxi,gaidangdinglishumianxiuxigongyue。yichenglixiuxiganxi,weitongshidinglishumianxiuxigongyuede,gaidangziyonggongzhiriqiyigeyueneidinglishumianxiuxigongyue。yongrendanyuanyuxiuxizhezaiyonggongqiandinglixiuxigongyuede,xiuxiganxiziyonggongzhiriqichengli。

dibatiaohuading,yongrendanyuan(qiye、gebiejingjigouzao、minbanfeiqiyedanyuandenggouzao)zhaoyongxiuxizheshi,gaidangzhaoshifenggaoxiuxizheshimingneirong、shimingqianti、shimingdidian、zhiyeweixian、ningjingchuchanzhuangkuang、xiuxirenwei,hexiuxizheqingqiulinghuideqiyuhuanjing;yongrendanyuanyouquanlinghuixiuxizheyuxiuxigongyuejianjiexianggandegenjihuanjing,xiuxizhegaidangzhaoshishenming。

dijiutiaohuading,yongrendanyuanzhaoyongxiuxizhe,budejuliushoujinxiuxizhedezhuminshenfenzhengheqiyuzhengjian,budeqingqiuxiuxizhegongyingbaoguanhuoyiqiyumingyixiangxiuxizheshouqucaiwu。

36.shenmeshishehuibaoxian?woguochenglilenaxieshehuibaoxianguizhi?

shehuibaoxianshizhiguodujingyoulichenglifa,genjuquanliyuzerenjueduiyingzhunsheng,duoqudaochoujizijin,duicanbaozhezaizaoshoudage、jibing、gongshang、fuxian、shengyangdengweixianhuanjingxiagongyingwuzizanzhu(baoluoxianjinbutiehebanshi),shiqixiangyougenjihukoubaozheng、mianquhuoxuejianjingjisangshideguizhizhipei。

shehuibaoxianfadiertiaohuading,woguochengligenjiyanglaobaoxian、genjiyiliaobaoxian、gongshangbaoxian、fuxianbaoxian、shengyangbaoxiandengshehuibaoxianguizhi,baozhenggongminzaidage、jibing、gongshang、fuxian、shengyangdenghuanjingxiayifacongguoduheshehuiqudewuzizanzhudequanli。cizhong,genjiyanglaobaoxianguizhibaoluozhigonggenjiyanglaobaoxianguizhi、xinxingcunluoshehuibaoxianguizhihechengzhenzhuminshehuiyanglaobaoxianguizhi;genjiyiliaobaoxianguizhibaoluozhigonggenjiyiliaobaoxianguizhi、xinxingcunluoxiezuoyiliaoguizhihechengzhenzhuminyiliaobaoxianguizhi。

37.yongrendanyuangaidangshixingnaxieshehuibaoxianzeren?xiangyounaxieshehuibaoxianquanli?

(1)shehuibaoxianzeren:yishiqingqiucaochishehuibaoxianguahaodezeren;ershibaogaohejiaonashehuibaoxianfeidezeren;sanshidaikoudaijiaozhigongshehuibaoxiandezeren;sishixiangzhigongfenggaojiaonashehuibaoxianfeimingxidezeren。

(2)shehuibaoxianquanli:yishiyouquanshoufeichawen、chaduiqijiaofeijishi;ershiyouquanqingqiushehuibaoxianbaobanjigougongyingshehuibaoxianzhengxundengxiangganbanshi;sanshikeyihuoxuhuoxudaochangshehuibaoxianjianshiweiyuanhui,duishehuibaoxianshimingtichuzhengxundingjianhechangyi,shixingshehuijianshi;sishiduisunhaibenshenquanlihebuyifacaochishehuibaoxianshijiandebulv,youquanyifaqingqiuxingzhengfuyihuotiqixingzhengsusong。biede,haiyouquanduiweibeishehuibaoxianfaling、lvlidebulvtingzhigaofa、zanyang。

38.daochangshehuibaoxiandexiaowoxiangyounaxiequanli?

gaoxiaobiyeshengyifajiaonashehuibaoxianfeihou,xiangyouyixiaquanli:

(1)youquanyifaxiangyongshehuibaoxianrenwei;

(2)youquanjianshibendanyuanweiqijiaofeihuanjing;

(3)youquanshoufeixiangshehuibaoxianbaobanjigouchawen、chaduiqijiaofeihexiangyongshehuibaoxianrenweiquanlijishi;

(4)youquanqingqiushehuibaoxianbaobanjigougongyingshehuibaoxianzhengxundengxiangganbanshi;

(5)duisunhaibenshenquanlihebuyifacaochishehuibaoxianshijiandebulv,youquanyifaqingqiuxingzhengfuyihuotiqixingzhengsusong。

biede,haiyouquanduiweibeishehuibaoxianfaling、lvlidebulvtingzhigaofa、zanyang。

39.jinchaoguoduduiyongrendanyuanjiqizhigonghecanbaoxiaowojiaonashehuibaoxianfeidefeilvshiruohehuadingde?

(1)yongrendanyuanjiqizhigongjiaonashehuibaoxianfeidefeilv。genju《guowuyuanduiwanmeiqiyezhigonggenjiyanglaobaoxianguizhidejueyi》(guofa〔2005〕38hao)、《guowuyuanduichenglichengzhenzhigonggenjiyiliaobaoxianguizhidejueyi》(guofa〔1998〕44hao)、《fuxianbaoxiantiaoli》(guowuyuanlingdi258hao)huading,yongrendanyuanjiaonagenjiyanglaobaoxian、genjiyiliaobaoxianhefuxianbaoxiandefeilv,bielishizhunshengshangweibendanyuanrenweizongede20%、6%baibuhe2%;yongrendanyuanjiaonagongshangbaoxianfeigenju《gongshangbaoxiantiaoli》(guowuyuanlingdi586hao)huadingshishixingyechabiefeilvhefudongfeilv,youguanfeilvkendinggenjuguoduxiangyinghuadingshixing;yongrendanyuanjiaonashengyangbaoxianfeidefeilvgenju《qiyezhigongshengyangbaoxianshixingtili》(laobufa〔1994〕504hao)huadingshixing,youjiangudiyudangjugenjuxianshihuanjingzixingkending,danbudekuayueyongrendanyuanrenweizongede1%。zhigongzijijiaonagenjiyanglaobaoxian、genjiyiliaobaoxianhefuxianbaoxiandefeilv,bieliweizijirenweide8%、2%he1%。

(2)canbaoxiaowojiaonashehuibaoxianfeidefeilv。genju《guowuyuanduiwanmeiqiyezhigonggenjiyanglaobaoxianguizhidejueyi》(guofa〔2005〕38hao)huading,wugugongdegebiegongshanghuhejiaojiefuxianzhiyuandaochangzhigonggenjiyanglaobaoxiandejiaofeifeilvwei20%,cizhong8%jiruxiaowozhanghu;wugugongdegebiegongshanghuhejiaojiefuxianzhiyuandaochangzhigonggenjiyiliaobaoxiandejiaofeifeilv,anguoduyouguanhuading,jiangudiyukeyihuoxuhuoxucanzhaobendigenjiyiliaobaoxianchenglijiangujijindejiaofeichengdukending。

(3)chengzhenzhumindaochangzhuminyiliaobaoxianhecunluozhumindaochangxinxingcunluoshehuiyanglaobaoxianjixinxingcunluoxiezuoyiliao,shouyaocaiyongdingetilijiaonashehuibaoxianfei。

40.gaoxiaobiyeshengruohechuzhixiuxirenshijiaoge?

fashengxiuxirenshizhengyi,keyihuoxuhuoxujingyoulichengxieshangchuli。dangshirenbuyuanxieshanghuoxieshangbuchengde,keyihuoxuhuoxuxiangdiaojigouzaoqingqiudiaoji;buyuandiaoji、diaojibuchenghuogaojundiaojihetanhoubushixingde,keyihuoxuhuoxuxiangxiuxirenshizhengyizhongcaiweiyuanhuiqingqiuzhongcai;duizhongcaicaijuebupingde,chufalinghaiyouhuadingdewai,keyihuoxuhuoxuxianggongminfayuantigaozhuangsong。

duiyongrendanyuanweibeixiuxibaozhengfaling、lvliheguizhangdehuanjing,gaoxiaobiyeshengkexiangrenlibenqianshehuibaozhengjubugaofa、zanyang。xiuxibaozhengjianchajigoujiangyifashouli,gaizhenghechachuyouguanzunfabulv。

41.shenmeshibanshiwaibaohebanshiwaibaoqiye?

banshiwaibaoshizhiqiyejiangqifeijiaodiandetingyewaibaojinlai,caozongneibuzuiyouyidezhuanyehuatuanduilaichengjiegaitingye,congershiqizhuanyijiaodiantingye,daodaxiajiangbenqian、jinbuxiaoli、jiaqiangqiyejiaodianxiezuoliheduihuanjingyingbiancainengdeyizhongcaochixingshi。

banshiwaibaoqiyeshizhiqiyubanshiwaibaofabaoshangqiandingzhongchijiubanshigongyue,chengjiebanshiwaibaotingyedeqiye。

42.jinchaobanshiwaibaocaichanshouyaochujinaxiefanchoujidiyu?

banshiwaibaofenweixinxishouyiwaibaobanshi(ito)、shouyixingtingyeliuchengwaibaobanshi(bpo)heshouyixingchangshiliuchengwaibao(kpo)deng。itobaoluoruanjianyanfajiwaibao、xinxishouyiyanfabanshiwaibao、xinxixitongyunyingbaohuwaibaodengfanchou。bpobaoluoqiyetingyeliuchengshexiangbanshi、qiyeneirongcaochishujukubanshi、qiyeyunyingshujukubanshi、qiyegongyingliancaochishujukubanshidengfanchou。kpobaoluochangshichanquanyantao、yiyaoheshengwushouyiyanfaheceshi、chanwushouyiyanfa、caichanshexiang、chanfaxueheshujufajue、dongmanjiwangyoushexiangyanfa、jiaodaokejianyanfa、gongchengshexiangdengfanchou。

woguojinchaoyoubanshiwaibaoshumochengshi21ge,bielishibeijing、tianjin、shanghai、zhongqing、dalian、shenzhen、guangzhou、wuhan、haerbin、chengdou、nanjing、xian、jinan、hangzhou、hefei、nanchang、zhangsha、daqing、gusu、wuxi、shamen。

43. banshiwaibaoqiyexinagaoxiaobiyeshengyounaxiecaizhengchengchi?

genju《guowuyuanbangongtingduigudongmianlibanshiwaibaocaichanjiasuchengzhangdefuhan》(guobanhan〔2010〕69hao)、《renlibenqianshehuibaozhengbu、shangwubuduijiasubanshiwaibaocaichanchengzhangzengjingaoxiaobiyeshengfuxiandejiduodingjian》(renshebufa〔2009〕123hao)dengwenjianhuading,duiheshiqiantidebanshiwaibaoqiye,meixinrenming1mingdaxueyishangxueliyuangongchuzhibanshiwaibaoshimingbingqianding1nianqiyishangxiuxigongyuede,ciyuqiyebukuayuemeiren4500yuandepeixunchengchi;duiheshiqiantidepeixunjigoupeixundechuzhibanshiwaibaotingyerencai(daxueyishangxueli),jingyoulichengbanshiwaibaotingyezhuanyechangshiheshouyipeixunchahe,bingyubanshiwaibaoqiyeqianding1nianqiyishangxiuxigongyuede,ciyupeixunjigoumeirenbukuayue500yuandepeixunchengchi。

banshiwaibaoqiyexinagaoxiaobiyeshengdaochangfuxianjianxide,xiangyongxianggancaizhengbutiezhengce。banshiwaibaoqiyexinafuxianjiankugaoxiaobiyeshengfuxian,xiangyongshehuibaoxianbutiedengchanfuzhengce。fuxianjiankugaoxiaobiyeshengdaochangbanshiwaibaopeixunkeanhuadingxiangyongzhiyepeixunbutiehezhiyeshouyipandingbutie。

44.guodugudongmianlidaxianshengyingzhengcanjunfuzerenbingyi,zheilide“daxiansheng”ruohejieding?

zhigenjuguoduyouguanhuadinghezhunsheli、shixinggaodangxuelijiaodaodezhengrizhigongbantongsugaodangyaboapp、minbantongsugaodangyaboapphezilixueyuan,genjuguoduzhaoshenghuadingdengkedezhengrizhitongsubenke、zhuanke(hangaozhi)、yantaosheng、dierxueshixueweideying(wang)jiebiyesheng、zaixiaoshengheyibeitongsugaoxiaodengkedanweibaodaotuixuedexiansheng。

zhengjidedaxianshengyinanxingweizhu,nvxingdaxianshengzhengjigenjurongxingxuyaokending。

45.gongminyingzhengcanjunxuyaozhizunaxiezhengzhiqiantihegenjishencaiqianti?

zhengjifuxianyidegongminbixukuaizhongguogongchandang,kuaishehuizhuyiguguo,kuaigongminrongxing,zunjizunfa,daodelianghao,juejiweididangqinfan、baoweiguguo、baoweigongmindezhanzhengxiuxieryonggandouzheng。zhengbingzhengzhichachaodeneirongbaoluo:yingzhenggongmindechunqiu、huji、zhiye、zhengzhimiankong、zongjiaochongfeng、wenmingchengdu、xianshibiaoxianhejiatingshouyaochengyuanheshouyaoshehuiganxichengyuandezhengzhihuanjingdeng。

gongminyingzhengcanjunyaoheshiguofangbubanfade《yingzhenggongmintipochachaoguifan》heyouguanhuading。cizhong,youjixianggenjiqianti:

shengao:nanxing160cmyishang,nvxing158cmyishang。

tizhong:guifantizhong=(shengao-110)kg。

nanxing:bukuayueguifantizhongde30%,budiyuguifantizhongde15%。

nvxing:bukuayueguifantizhongde20%,budiyuguifantizhongde15%。

muli:daxianshengyouyanluoyanmulibudiyu4.6,zuoyanluoyanmulibudiyu4.5。quguangbuzheng,zhunfenzijiguangshoushuhoubannianyishang,wubingfazheng,mulidaodaxiangyingguifande,jige。

waike:yixingganyanwaibiaokangyuanchengyangxing,dengdeng。

46.yingzhengcanjunfuzerenbingyidaxianshengdechunqiushiruohehuadingde?

nanxingtongsugaodangyaboappzaixiaoshengweinianman18zhi22zhousui,gaozhi(zhuanke)biyeshengkefangkuandao23zhousui,benkejiyishangxuelibiyeshengkefangkuandao24zhousui。

nvxingtongsugaodangyaboappzaixiaoshengweinianman18dao20zhousui,yingjiebiyeshengfangkuandao22zhousui。

47.gaoxiaobiyeshengyingzhengcanjunfuzerenbingyiyaodianmonaxiefashi?

(1)wangshangbaomingyuzheng:youyingzhengdongxiangdegaoxiaobiyeshengkezaixiachunjizhengbingqitouzhiqiandenglu“daxianshengyingzhengcanjunwangshangbaomingpingtai”(wangzhiweihuo,xiatong)tingzhibaoming,tianxie、dayin《yingjiebiyeshengyuzhenggongjuguahaobiao》he《gaoxiaobiyeshengyingzhengcanjungaohuomibuguoduzhuxuecunkuandaichangqingqiubiao》(yixiabielijiancheng《guahaobiao》、《qingqiubiao》),jiaodidiangaoxiaozhengbingshimingcaochijubu。

(2)chushen、chujian:biyeshenglixiaoqian,zaigaoxiaodaochangshencaichujian、zhengzhichushen,heshiqiantizhekendingweiyuzhenggongju,gaoxiaofuzuobingyigouzaojiang《guahaobiao》he《qingqiubiao》chahegaiyinfajibiyeshengziji,bingwanchengwangshangxinxiqueren。chushen、chujianshimingzuiwanzai7yue15riqianwancheng。

(3)shidiyingzheng:gaoxiaoyingjiebiyeshengkezaiyaboappdidiandiyingzhengcanjun,yekezaituixueqianhujididiandiyingzhengcanjun。

(4)gouzaogaoxiaoyingjiebiyeshengzaiyaboappdidiandizhengjide,lianxichushen、chujianshimingtongbutingzhitipochachaohezhengzhichachao,zaibiyeshenglixiaoqianwanchengyuyuebing,9yuechuyaboappdidiandixian(shi、qu)gongmindangjuzhengbingbangongshiweiqicaochihezhuncanjunshouxu。zhengzhichachaoyizijixianshibiaoxianweizhu,youqijiuduyaboappdidiandidexian(shi、qu)gonganjubudanfu,yaboappfenguanjubuxiangxibaoban,zhunshengshangbuzaiduiqituixueqianhejiudufanxiangshidaidexianshibiaoxianhuanjingtingzhichaxunbaifang。

(5)zaituixueqianhujididiandiyingzhengcanjunde,gaoxiaoyingjiebiyesheng7yue30riqianjianghujiqianhuituixueqianhujidi,chi《guahaobiao》he《qingqiubiao》daobendixianjibingyigouzaodaochangshidiyingzheng,jingtipochachao、zhengzhichachaojigede,9yuechuyoubendixian(shi、qu)gongmindangjuzhengbingbangongshicaochihezhuncanjunshouxu。

48.daxianshengzhengjishimingyounayigejubuqiantoudanfu?

gaoxiaodidiandibingyigouzaohuitongyouguanjubujinrugaoxiaozhankaizhengjishiming,gaoxiaoyouxianshengcaochijubuhuoyaboappwuzhuangjubuqiantoudanfu,youdongxiangcanjuncanjundedaxianshengkexiangdidianyaboappxuegongbu(chu)、fuxianzhongjian、zanzhuzhongjianhuowuzhuangbuzhengxunyouguanzhengce。

49.gaoxiaobiyeshengyingzhengcanjunfuzerenbingyixiangyongnaxieyouhuizhengce?

gaoxiaobiyeshengyingzhengcanjunfuzerenbingyi,chuxiangyouyouxianbaomingyingzheng、youxiantijianzhengshen、youxianshenpidingbing、youxianzhipeicaozong“sigeyouxian”zhengce,jiatinganhuadingxiangyongjunshurenweiwai,haixiangyongyouxiantibacaozong、gaohuomibuheguoduzhuxuecunkuandaichang、fuyihoukaoxueshengxueyouhui、fuxianbanshidengzhengce。

50.gaoxiaobiyeshengyingzhengcanjun“sigeyouxian”zhengceshiruohehuadingde?

gaoxiaobiyeshengyuzhenggongjucanjuncanjunxiangyong“siyouxian”zhengce:

(1)youxianbaomingyingzheng。baomingyouxianjibingyigouzaojianjiecaochi。xiachunjizhengbingqitouqian,xianjibingyigouzaogaosuqibaomingshihou、didian、zhongshishibiandeng。kendingweiyuzhenggongjudegaoxiaobiyesheng,chi《yingjiebiyeshengyuzhenggongjuguahaobiao》,keyihuoxuhuoxujianjiedaoyaboappdidiandihuohujididiandixianjibingyigouzaobaomingyingzheng。

(2)youxiantijianzhengkao。tijianyouxianjibingyigouzaojianjiecaochi。xiachunjizhengbingtijianqian,xianjibingyigouzaogaosuqitijianshihou、didian、zhongshishibiandeng。kendingweiyuzhenggongjudegaoxiaobiyesheng,weinengzaihuadingshihouneihanyaboappdaochangtijiande,zijichi《yingjiebiyeshengyuzhenggongjuguahaobiao》,kezaizhengbingtijianshihouneibaomingjianjiedaochangtijian。

(3)youxianshenpidingbing。shenpidingbingshi,gaidangyouxianhezhuntijianzhengshenjigedegaoxiaobiyeshengcanjun。gaozhi(zhuanke)yishangwenmingchengdudejigeqingnianweibeihezhuncanjunqian,budehezhungaozhongwenmingchengdudeqingniancanjun。

(4)youxianzhipeicaozong。zaizhipeibingyuanquchushi,genjugaoxiaobiyeshengdexueli、zhuanyehexiaowonashou,youxianzhipeidaojunjunzhonghuozhuanyeshouyiqingqiugaodebuduifuyi;buduiduizhengjicanjundegaoxiaobiyesheng,youxianzhipeidaoheshidegangting,chongshichanyangqitezhang。

51.daxianshengyingzhengcanjunfuzerenbingyiciyuguoduzanzhudeneirongshishenme?

gaodangyaboappxianshengyingzhengcanjunfuzerenbingyiguoduzanzhu,shizhiguoduduiyingzhengcanjunfuzerenbingyidegaoxiaoxiansheng,zaicanjunshiduiqizaixiaoshidaijiaonadegaohuoshixingyicixingmibuhuoqudedeguoduzhuxuecunkuan(guoduzhuxuecunkuanbaoluoxiaoyuandiguoduzhuxuecunkuanheshengyuandixinyuzhuxuecunkuan,xiatong)shixingdaichang;yingzhengcanjunfuzerenbingyiqianzhengzaigaodangyaboappjiududexiansheng(hananguoduzhaoshenghuadingdengkedegaodangyaboappzhongsheng),fuyishidaianguoduyouguanhuadingbaoliuxuejihuotuixuezili、fuyihouzhiyuanxiuxuehuotuixuede,guodushixinggaohuojianmian。

52.gaoxiaoxianshengyingzhengcanjunxiangyonggaohuomibu、guoduzhuxuecunkuandaichangjigaohuojianmiandeguifanshijiduo?

genju《duidiaojiwanmeiguoduzhuxuecunkuanxiangganzhengcetilidegaosu》(caijiao〔2014〕180hao)、《caizhengbu、jiaodaobu、zongguwenbuduiyinfa<gaodangyaboappxianshengyingzhengcanjunfuzerenbingyiguoduzanzhutili>degaosu》(caijiao〔2013〕236hao)、《duiduijianjiezhaoshouweishiguandegaodangyaboappxianshengshixingguoduzanzhudegaosu》(caijiao[2015]462hao)wenjianhuading:

(1)gaohuomibu、guoduzhuxuecunkuandaichangjigaohuojianmianguifan,benzhuankeshengmeirenmeiyinianzuigaobukuayue8000yuan,yantaoshengmeirenmeiyinianzuigaobukuayue12000yuan。

(2)gaohuomibuhuoguoduzhuxuecunkuandaichangjine,anxianshengxianshijiaonadegaohuohuoqudedeguoduzhuxuecunkuan(guoduzhuxuecunkuanbaoluobenjinjiqiquanshulechangzhiqianfashengdeliqian,xiatong)erzhejinejiaogaozheshixing,jushimibuhuodaichang。fuyixiuxuehougaohuojianmianjine,anyaboappxianshishouqugaohuojineshixing。chaoyueguifanjububuyumibu、daichanghuojianmian。

(3)huogaohuomibuxianshengzaixiaoshidaiqudeguoduzhuxuecunkuande,mibuzijinbixuqishouyongyulechangguoduzhuxuecunkuan。rumibujinegaoyuguoduzhuxuecunkuanjine,chaochukuayuejubutuihaixiansheng。

(4)cong2015nianqi,guoduduijianjiezhaoshouweishiguandegaodangyaboappxianshengshixingguoduzanzhu,canjunshiduiqizaixiaoshidaijiaonadegaohuoshixingyicixingmibuhuoqudedeguoduzhuxuecunkuan(baoluoxiaoyuandiguoduzhuxuecunkuanheshengyuandixinyuzhuxuecunkuan)shixingdaichang。

53.gaoxiaoxianshengyingzhengcanjunfuzerenbingyidoukeyihuoxuhuoxuxiangyongguoduzanzhuzhengcema?

zaixiaoshidaiyimianququanshugaohuodexiansheng,dingxiangsheng、weipeishengheguofangsheng,qiyubushuyufuzerenbingyidaobuduicanjundexiansheng,junbuxiangyonggaohuomibuheguoduzhuxuecunkuandaichangzhengce。

54.gaoxiaoxianshengyingzhengcanjunfuzerenbingyixiangyonggaohuomibu、guoduzhuxuecunkuandaichanghegaohuojianmiandenianxianruohejijiao?

gaohuomibu、guoduzhuxuecunkuandaichanghegaohuojianmiandenianxian,genjuguoduduibenke、zhuanke(gaozhi)、yantaoshenghedierxueshixueweihuadingdexiangyingqiuxuenianxianjushijijiao。yicanjunshihouweizhun,canjunqianyidaodadeqiuxuehuadingnianxian,jiweigaohuomibuhuoguoduzhuxuecunkuandaichangdenianxian;fuyixiuxuehouyingwanchengdeguoduhuadingdeqiuxuenianxiandecanshengkeri,jiweigaohuojianmiandenianxian;xiuxuehougongdugenggaotiaolixuelibuzaijianmiangaohuoguimozhinei。

zhuanshengben、benshuoliandu、zhongzhigaozhiliandu、dierxueshixueweibiyeshengmibugaohuohuodaichangguoduzhuxuecunkuandenianxian,bieligenjuwanbenqianke、shuoshi、gaozhihedierxueshixueweijieduanjinxiushiminghuadingdejinxiushihoujijiao。

zhuanshengben、benshuolianduxuezhizaixiaosheng,zaizhuankehuobenmixinxijieduanyingzhengcanjunde,yixianshijinxiushihoushixinggaohuomibuhuoguoduzhuxuecunkuandaichang;zaibenkehuoshuoshijinxiujieduanyingzhengcanjunde,yibenkeyijinxiushihouhuoshuoshiyijinxiushihoujijiao,shixinggaohuomibuhuoguoduzhuxuecunkuandaichang,qizhiqianzhuanmixinxishihouhuobenmixinxishihoubujirugaohuomibuhuoguoduzhuxuecunkuandaichang。zhongzhigaozhilianduxianshenggaohuomibuhuoguoduzhuxuecunkuandaichangdenianxian,genjugaozhijieduanxianshijinxiushihoujijiao。

55.gaoxiaoxianshengqingqiuyingzhengcanjunfuzerenbingyiguoduzanzhudefashishishenme?

(1)yingzhengbaomingdegaoxiaoxianshengdengludaxianshengzhengbingbaomingxitong,anqingqiuzaixiantianxie、dayin《gaoxiaoxianshengyingzhengcanjungaohuomibuguoduzhuxuecunkuandaichangqingqiubiao》(yishiliangfen,yixiajiancheng《qingqiubiao》)bingtijiaoyaboappxianshengzanzhucaochijubu。zaixiaoshidaiqudeguoduzhuxuecunkuandexiansheng,xutongshigongying《guoduzhuxuecunkuangaodaigongyue》fuyinjianhezijijumingdeyicixinglechangcunkuandasuanshu。

(2)yaboappxiangganjubudui《qingqiubiao》zhongxianshengdezanzhuzili、guifan、jine(ruoyoushengyuandixinyuzhuxuecunkuan,yaboappyingjieqiacunkuanbaobanyinxinghuocunkuanbaobandixianjixianshengzanzhucaochijigouquerencunkuanjine)dengxiangganxinxichahewuwuhou,dui《qingqiubiao》jiagaigongzhang,yifenbaocun,yifenfanhaixiansheng。

(3)xianshengzaizhengbingbaomingshijiang《qingqiubiao》jiaozhicanjundidiandixianjigongmindangjuzhengbingbangongshi(yixiajiancheng“xianjizhengbingban”)。xianshengjingyoulichengzhengbingtijianbeihezhuncanjunhou,xianjizhengbingbandui《qingqiubiao》jiagaigongzhangbingfanhaixiansheng。

(4)xianshengjiang《qingqiubiao》yuanjianhecanjungaosushufuyinjian,jisongzhiyuanjiudugaoxiaoxianshengzanzhucaochijubu。

56.yinxiaowoyuanyoubeibuduituihui,gaoxiaoxianshengyihuoguoduzanzhudejingfeiyaobeifachuma?

yinzijisiweiyuanyou、juxintanbaibingshihuogunongxuanxu、zunfafanfadengbulvgouchengtuijundexiansheng,yaboappdaxiaoqishouzhuzili,bingbudeqingqiugaohuojianmian。gesheng(qu、shi)gongmindangjuzhengbingbangongshiyingzailingshoutuijunhoushishijiangbeituihuixianshengdexingming、jiudugaoxiao、tuijunyuanyoudenghuanjingzhujishangbaozhiguofangbuzhengbingbangongshi,binggenjuxianshengyuanjiudugaoxiaodefushuganxi,chuanditongjijiaodaoxingzhengjubu。

beibuduituihuibingbeidaxiaozanzhuzilidexiansheng,ruxianshengqianquqiyuanhujididiandi,yimibudegaohuohuodaichangdeguoduzhuxuecunkuanzijinyouxianshenghujididiandixianjijiaodaoxingzhengjubuhuitongtongjigongmindangjuzhengbingbangongshifachu;ruxianshengqianquqiyuanjiudugaoxiao,yimibudegaohuohuodaichangdeguoduzhuxuecunkuanyouxianshengyuanjiudugaoxiaohuitongfuyiandundixianjigongmindangjuzhengbingbangongshifachu。gexianjijiaodaoxingzhengjubuhegegaoxiaoyingzaifachuzijinhouxunrinei,zhujihuizongshangjiaotianxiaxianshengzanzhucaochizhongjian。fachuzijinanhuadingzuoweixiayiniandugaohuomibuhuoguoduzhuxuecunkuandaichangjingfei。

57.gaoxiaobiyeshengcanjunfuzerenbingyinianxianshijiduo?

woguoxianxingdezerenbingyiguizhifuyinianxianshiliangnian。

58.daxianshengbingshifuyihouxiangyongnaxiejiuxueyouhuizhengce?

(1)gaozhi(zhuanke)xianshengcanjunlvlikezuoweibiyelianxilvli。

(2)fuyidaxianshengbingshituixuehuoxiuxuehoumianxiujunshishouyilianxi,jianjiequdexuefen。

(3)sheli“fuyidaxianshengbingshi”zhuanxiangshuoshiyantaoshengzhaoshengdasuan。genjuxianshixuyao,meiyinianzhipeibiranshumuzhuanxiangdasuan,tedimianxiangfuyidaxianshengbingshizhaosheng。zaitianxiayantaoshengzhaoshengzongguimoneidanliexiada,budediaoyong.

(4)jianggaoxiaozaixiaosheng(hangaoxiaozhongsheng)fubingyihuanjingguirutuimianshengtiaoxuanfangzhenxitong。gudongmianlizhankaibaojuyouyiyingjiebenkebiyeshengmianshigongduyantaoshengshimingdegaoxiaozainidingbenxiaotuimianshengtiaoxuantilishi,lianxibenxiaoxiangxihuanjing,jiangzaixiaoshidaifubingyihuanjingguirutuimianshengtiaoxuanfangzhenxitong。zaibuduironglierdenggongjiyishangdefuyizhiyuan,heshiyantaoshengbaomingqiantidekemianshi(zhichushi)gongdushuoshiyantaosheng。

(5)jiangkaoyanjiafenguimokuozhanzhigaoxiaozaixiaosheng(hangaoxiaozhongsheng)。fuyizhiyuanzaichixushixingtongsugaoxiaoyingjiebiyeshengfuyihouanhuadingxiangyongjiafenzhengcedegenbenshang,yunxutongsugaoxiaozaixiaosheng(hangaoxiaozhongsheng)yingzhengcanjunfuzerenbingyifuyi,zaiwanbenqianmixinyehou3nianneidaochangtianxiashuoshiyantaoshengzhaoshengceyan,chushizongfenjia10fen,huayiqiantixiayouxiandengke。

(6)fuyidaxianshengbingshizhuanshengbenshixingzhaoshengdasuandanlie。gaozhi(zhuanke)xianshengyingzhengcanjunfuzerenbingyifuyi,zaiwanchenggaozhixueyehoudaochangtongsubenkezhuanshengbenceyan,shixingdasuandanlie,dengkebilizaixianxing30%degenbenshangguodukuozhan,xiangxibiliyougeshengfengenjubendixianshihebaominghuanjingkending。

(7)gaoxiaozhongshengdengkegaosushuzhongfujiyingzhengcanjunyouhuizhengce。gaoxiaoxiangzhongshengjisong《dengkegaosushu》shi,fujiyingzhengcanjunxuanyangdan,xuanyangdanshouyaoneirongbaoluoyouhuizhengcetiyao、baomingrenchengzhinan、xuejizhuceqingqiudeng。

(8)fangkuanfuyidaxianshengbingshixiuxuezhuanzhuanyexianding。daxianshengbingshifuyihouxiuxue,jingyaboappzanchengbingshixingxiangganfashihou,kezhuanrubenxiaoqiyuzhuanyejinxiu。

(9)jubeigaozhi(gaozhuan)xuelide,fuyihoumianshiruduchengrenbenke,huodianmobiranchaherudutongsubenke;ronglisandenggongyishangjiajiangde,zaiwanchenggaozhi(zhuanke)xueyehou,mianshirudutongsubenke;

(10)yingzhengcanjundegaoxiaobiyeshengfuyihoubaokaozhengfaganjingzhaolupeiyuxitongtilidingxinshidianzhaoshengshi,jiaodaoceyankoushichengjiuzongfenjia10fen。

59.shenmeshizhengfaganjingzhaolupeiyuxitongtilidingxinshidianceyan?

guoduweipeiyuzhengzhitingyebenzhigao,shizhancainengqiangdecaozongxing、fuhexingzhengfarencai,jiaqiangzhengfagouzaogongshiyuanbuduifuzhi,2008nianqitouzhongdiancongbuduifuyibingshihetongsugaoxiaobiyeshengzhongtibayouyirencai,weixiacengzhengfagouzaochugeshizhongxibuheqiyujingjiqianfajiadiyudexian(shi)jiyixiaxiacengzhengfagouzaogongyingrencaibaozhenghezhilichengchi。

60.yingzhengcanjundegaoxiaoyingjiebiyeshenglixiaohouhukoudanganjicunzaineili,ruoheqianzhuan?

beikendingweiyuzhenggongjudegaoxiaoyingjiebiyesheng,huituixueqianhujididiandiyingzhengde,jianghukouqianhuituixueqianhujididiandi,danganzhuandaotuixueqianhujididiandirencaijiaohuanzhongjianjicun。zaiyaboappdidiandiyingzhengde,kejianghujihedanganlinshibaoliuzaiyaboapp。

gaoxiaoyingjiebiyeshenghezhuncanjunhou,qihukoudanganyuyikanchu,danganfangruxinbingdangan。

61.gaoxiaoyingjiebiyeshengfuyihouhudangqianxiyouheyouhuizhengce?

gaoxiaoyingjiebiyeshengcanjunfuzerenbingyichashouxianyihouyiniannei,keshitongxishidegaoxiaoyingjiebiyesheng,pingyongrendanyuanlu(pin)yongshouxu,xiangyuanjiudugaoxiaozaiciqingqiucaochifuxianbaodeshouxu,hudangsuiqian(zhixiashigenjuyouguanhuadingshixing)。

62.budaochangwangshangbaomingyuzhengdedaxianshengshengshibushihaikeyihuoxuhuoxuyingzhengcanjunbingxiangyongyouguanyouhuizhengce?

weidaochangwangshangbaomingyuzhengdedaxiansheng,zaizhengbingshidaixuyaobubanwangshangyuzhengshouxu,budianmowangshangbaomingyuzhengdedaxianshengbuxiangyongyouguanyouhuizhengce。

63.shenmeshishiguan?yuzerenbingyoushenmequfen?

wojunxianyibingshianbingyixingzifenweizerenbingyizhibingshihezhiyuanbingyizhibingshi。zerenbingyizhibingshichengweizerenbing,zhiyuanbingyizhibingshichengweishiguan。shiguanshuyubingshijunxianxulie,danchabieyuzerenbingyizhibingshi,shibingshizhongdezhugan。zerenbingshixinggongyingzhi,fajibutie,shiguanshixingrenweizhiheanqizengziguizhi。

64.guoduzanzhujianjiezhaoshouweishiguandegaodangyaboappxianshengruohejieding?

shizhijianjiecongfeijunshijubuzhaoshouweibuduishiguandezhengrizhitongsubenzhuanke(hangaozhi)、yantaosheng、dierxueshixueweideying(wang)jiebiyesheng,hechengrengaoxiaodetongsubenzhuanke(gaozhi)ying(wang)jiebiyesheng;guirutianxiagaodangyaboappzhaoshengtongyiceyan、jianjiezhaoluhuotibabuchongweibuduishiguandedingxiangsheng。

zidongtuokuanzhongdianfanchoufuxianqudao

65.guodugudongmianlihezhidiangaoxiaobiyeshengqunaxieshouyaofanchoufuxianchuangye?

“yidaiyiqi”“zhangjiangjingjidai”“jingjinjixietongchengzhang”dengguoduyanzhongjimougongyingledapidegangtingxuyao。gaoxiaobiyeshengyaozidongduijierencaixuyao,zidongdaozhongdiandiyu、yanzhonggongcheng、yanzhongmingmu、shouyaofanchouqufuxian。yaozhuozhushixing“zhongguozhizuo2025”“hulianwang+”bulvdasuandengqiji,daojinbuqianbeizhizuoye、xiandaibanqijihexiandainongyedengfanchoufuxianchuangye。

66.shenmeshi“yidaiyiqi”jimou?

“yidaiyiqi”shi“sichouzhilujingjidai”he“21shijihaishangsichouzhilu”dejiancheng,shiguodujidingcengjimou。tajiangchongshiyituozhongguoyuyouguanguodujiyoudeshuangduobianjizhi,jiezhujiyoude、xingzhiyouyongdediyuxiezuopingtai,yidaiyiqizhizaijieyongxiandaisichouzhiludehanqingbiaoji,gaojuzhanzhengchengzhangdeqihao,zidongchengzhangyuyanxianguodudejingjixiezuohuobanganxi,gongtongdazaozhengzhihuxin、jingjironghui、wenmingrongnadehaochugongtongti、yunqigongtongtihezerengongtongti。

67.“yidaiyiqi”jimoujiangjidaxianshengfuxiandailainaxiejiyuan?

“yidaiyiqi”dehulianhutongmingmujiangbianceyanxianlieguochengzhangjimoudeduijieyuouhe,fajuediyuneishichangdeqianli,zengjintouzihehuafei,dizaoxuyaohefuxian。2015nian3yue,guoduchengzhangdingxinwei、jiaojibu、shangwubulianxixuanbule《biancegongjiansichouzhilujingjidaihe21shijihaishangsichouzhiludeyuanjingyubulv》。“yidaiyiqi"jingjiqukaifanghou,chengbaogongchengmingmuchongpo3000ge。2015nian,woguoqiyegongdui“yidaiyiqi”xianggande49geguodutingzhilejianjietouzi,touzietongbizengjia18.2%。2015nian,woguochengjie“yidaiyiqi”xiangganguodubanshiwaibaogongyuejine178.3yimeiyuan,shixingjine121.5yimeiyuan,tongbibielizengjia42.6%he23.45%。2016nian6yuewei,zhongoubanlieleijikaixing1881lie,cizhonghuicheng502lie,wanchengshouzhikoumaoyizonge170yimeiyuan。

68.guoduhechusuoyanzhongkeyanmingmubaoluonaxie?naxiegaoxiaobiyeshengkeyihuoxuhuoxubeixinaweiyantaozhulihuozanzhuzhiyuan?qiandingdebanshihetanyingbaoluonaxieneirong?

genju《kejibu、jiaodaobu、caizhengbu、renlibenqianshehuibaozhengbu、guodutianranmixinjijinweiyuanhuiduigudongmianlikeyanmingmudanyuanxinahebubiangaoxiaobiyeshengfuxiandejiduodingjian》(guokefajia〔2009〕97hao)huading,yougaoxiao、keyanjitanpanqiyesuochengdangdeminkoukejiyanzhongzhuanxiang、973dasuan、863dasuan、kejichengchidasuanmingmuheguodutianranmixinjijinhuideyanzhongzhongdianmingmudeng,keyihuoxuhuoxupinqinggaoxiaobiyeshengzuoweiyantaozhulihuozanzhuzhiyuandaochangyantaoshiming。biededeqiyumingmu,chengdangyantaodedanyuanyekepinqinggaoxiaobiyesheng。

xinagongjushouyaoyiyouyideyingjiebiyeshengweizhu,baoluogaoxiaoheyouxueweishouyuquandekeyanjigoupeiyudeboshiyantaosheng、shuoshiyantaoshenghebenkesheng。

beixinagaoxiaobiyeshengxuyumingmuchengdangdanyuanqiandingbanshihetan,mingbailiangbiandequanli、zerenhezeren,danbushimingmuchengdangdanyuandezhengshizaibianzhigong。

qiandingdebanshihetanyingbaoluo:

(1)mingmuchengdangdanyuandechenghaohedidian;

(2)yantaozhulidexingming、zhuminshenfenzhenghaomahezhuzhi;

(3)banshihetankeri;

(4)shimingneirong;

(5)laowuxingyongdushuejifuchutili;

(6)shehuibaoxian;

(7)liangbianxieshangshangdingdeqiyuneirong。

banshihetanbudeshangdingyoubiyeshengchengdangweiyuejin。

69.keyanmingmubanshihetandekeriruoheshangding?shixingshidaishibushikeyihuoxuhuoxuxiaochuhetan?

genju《renlibenqianshehuibaozhengbubangongtingduiyanzhongkeyanmingmudanyuanxinagaoxiaobiyeshengdaochangyantaoshimingqiandingbanshihetanyouguantifangzhengaosu》(renshetingfa〔2009〕47hao)dengwenjianhuading,banshihetankerizuiduokeqiandingsannian,sannianyixiadebanshihetankeriyimanermingmushixingqiweimande,genjushimingxuyaokeyihuoxuhuoxuxieshangxuqianzhisannian。

banshihetanshixingshidai,biyeshengkeyihuoxuhuoxutichuxiaochubanshihetan,danyingtizao15tianshumiangaosumingmuchengdangdanyuan。

mingmuchengdangdanyuantichuxiaochubanshihetande,gaidangtizao30rishumiangaosubiyeshengziji。yantaozhulibeixiaochubanshihetanhuohetanqimantingzhihou,heshiqiantidebiyeshengkeanhuadingxiangyongfuxianbaoxianrenwei。

70.keyanmingmuchengdangdanyuanshibushijibeixinadegaoxiaobiyeshengshangbaoxian?beixinadegaoxiaobiyeshenghudangruoheqianzhuan?banshihetanqimanhouruohefuxian?

mingmuchengdangdanyuangaidangweibiyeshengcaochishehuibaoxian,xiangxibaoluogenjiyanglaobaoxian、genjiyiliaobaoxian、fuxianbaoxian、gongshangbaoxian、shengyangbaoxian,bingdingshizuejiaofei。canbao、jiaofei、renweifuchudengxiangxitilicanzhaogexiangshehuibaoxianyouguanhuadingshixing。

biyeshengdaochangmingmuyantaoshidai,genjubendihuanjing,qihukou、dangankejicunzaimingmuchengdangdanyuandidiandihuotuixueqianjiatingdidiandidazhongfuxianherencaibanshijigou。mingmuchengdangdanyuandidiandihuotuixueqianjiatingdidiandidazhongfuxianherencaibanshijigougaidangshoufeiweiqigongyinghukou、dangantuoguanbanshi。

hetanqiman,ruoshimingmuchengdangdanyuanchengxinxupin,zebiyeshengdaoqiyugangtingfuxian。tongshi,guodugudongmianlimingmuchengdangdanyuanzhengshipinqing(zhaoyong)zhiyuanshi,youxianpinqingdanfuguoyantaozhulidezhiyuan。mingmuchengdangdanyuanhuoqiyuyongrendanyuanzhengshipinqing(zhaoyong)danfuguoyantaozhulidezhiyuan,gaidangbieligenju《xiuxigongyuefa》、《guowuyuanbangongtingzhuanfarenshibuduizaiqijidanyuanshixingzhiyuanpinqingguinidingjiandegaosu》(guobanfa〔2002〕35hao)denghuadingshixing。

71.biyeshengbanshikeyanmingmuhetanqimanbeiyongrendanyuanzhengshilu(pin)yonghou,ruohecaochiluohushouxu?gonglingruohechixu?

danfuguoyantaozhulidezhiyuanbeizhengshipinqing(zhaoyong)hou,genjuyouguanhuading,pingyongrendanyuanlu(pin)yongshouxu、xiuxigongyuehe《tongsugaodangyaboappbiyezhengshu》caochiluohushouxu;gonglingyudaochangmingmuyantaoshidaideshimingshihouguibingjijiao,shehuibaoxianjiaofeinianxianguibingjijiao。

chengchigaoxiaobiyeshengdaoguojigouzaolianxirenzhi

72.shenmeshiguojigouzao?

guojigouzaoshijubeiguojixingbulvtesedegouzao,shilianggehuolianggeyishangguodu(huoqiyuguojifazhuti)weiwanchenggongtongdezhengzhijingjifangzhen,genjuqidijiedegongyuehuoqiyuzhengshifalingwenjianchenglideyoubiranguizhangguizhidechangshexingjigou。

guojigouzaofenweidangjujiangouzaohefeidangjujiangouzao,yekefenweidiyuxingguojigouzaohehuanqiuxingguojigouzao。dangjujiandeguojigouzaoyoulianxiguo、ouzhoutongmeng、tianxiamaoyigouzaodeng,feidangjujiandeguojigouzaoyouguojiaoweihui、guojihongshizihuideng。

73.lianxiguodeguojigongshiyuanyounajizhong?naxiezhiweishimianxianggaoxiaobiyeshengde?

lianxiguodeguojigongshiyuanshouyaofenweisanzhong:dlei、pleiheglei。ddaibiaodeshidirector,jigaodangcaochizhiyuan;pdaibiaoprofessional,jizhuanyezhiyuan;ergzeshigeneral,jitongsushijian。

dleishuyudailingleizhiwu,jubushizailianxiguojibuyijiyijijinshengxiaqude,biedeyijubuzelaizilieguojianjiediaopai,bifangwoguogebuweipaizhudaolianxiguodeshimingzhiyuan。

gleishuyugenbenxinggangting,daduoshixingzheng、mishudengzanzhuxingguyuan,tongsucongjigoudidianguobendiguyong。

pleishilianxiguodezhongjianqili,shiyi,duixiangchashoulianxiguodegaoxiaobiyeshengeryan,zuiguanlidetili,shidaochanglianxiguodeyppceyan(jiqingnianzhuanyezhiyuanceyan)。

74.shenmeshilianxiguoqingnianzhuanyezhiyuan(ypp)ceyan?

lianxiguoqingnianzhuanyezhiyuan(ypp)ceyanshi2012nianlianxiguoduiyuanguoduxiezuoceyan(ncre)dingxinhoudeceyanmingmu,shilianxiguoguyongshimingzhiyuandeshouyaotilizhiyi,yourenlibenqianshehuibaozhengbufuzuolianxiguozaihuajuxing。

qingnianzhuanyezhiyuanceyandegongjuweidijitingyeguanyuan(p1/p2ji),youlianxiguomishuchumeiyiniangenjugehuiyuanguozhandiyufenpaidebaofuyuanefuduhuanjing,yueqingwudaibiaoxing、daibiaoxingquefahuoxingjiangbianweidaibiaoxingquefadehuiyuanguodaochangceyan。huiyuanguozanchengdaochanghou,qigongminkejingyoulichenglianxiguowangzhanbaomingdaochangbennianceyan。

lianxiguojiangduiqingqiudaochangceyandezhiyuantingzhikaiduanwangshangtiaoxuan,kendingzhongjiudaochangceyanzhiyuanmingdan。ceyantongsuyoukoushihekoushilianggejieduandeceshigoucheng。jingyoulichengceyantibadezhiyuanjiangjinrulianxiguohoubeizhiyuanmingdan,dangchengxianzhiweikongbaishi,youlianxiguoconghoubeizhiyuanmingdandangxuanpin。

75.guoduduigaoxiaobiyeshengdaoguojigouzaolianxirenzhigongyingnaxiezhidianbanshi?

(1)gongying“gaoxiaobiyeshengguojigouzaolianxirenzhibanshipingtai”(),weibiyeshengdaoguojigouzaolianxirenzhihedaochangzhiyuangoudangdeng,gongyingxinxi、zhengxun、peixundengbanshi。

(2)gudongmianliyouqiantidegaoxiaolianxiguojigouzaorencaixuyao,zhankaipeiyutuisonggaoxiaobiyeshengdaoguojigouzaolianxirenzhishiming,jiangguojigouzaogenjihuanjing、guyongqingqiu、zhiyechengzhangluzidengwairong,guirudaxianshengfuxianzhidiankebenhekecheng。

(3)guoduliuxuejijincaochiweiyuanhuicongtianxiayouyiyingjiebiyeshengdangxuanpailianxisheng,qianqulianxiguojiaokewengouzao、guojiminhanggouzaojiguojidianxintongmengtingzhilianxi,weiqi3-12geyue,bingkegongyingjiangxuejinzanzhu。xiangjianjiaodaobuliuxuejijinweiwangzhan()。

76.gaoxiaobiyeshengdaoguojigouzaolianxirenzhi,xuyaonaxiecaineng?ruohezaixiaozuohaochouban?

(1)shuohuachengdu

lianxiguoyouliuzhongguanfangshimingshuohua,yingyu、fayu、xibanyayu、alaboyu、eyuhehanyu。cizhongyingyuhefayuzuiweishouyao,erzhejianjudeqiuzhizhejinruguojigouzaoyouzhetianrandeshangfeng。lianxiguodeliangduojigouzaiguyongshidouqingqiuguyongzhekeyihuoxuhuoxucaozongliangzhonghuoliangzhongyishangshuohuatingzhijiaohuan。chuyaozuodaochuanwenduxie“sihui”,jiabeishouyaodeshiliyongzheixieshuohuatingzhixiangtongjiaohuan,bifangkeyihuoxuhuoxutingzhixieshangtanpan,zuoxingdongbaogao,zaigongjiayanqianbaogao,zhuanxiexiangganbaogaohuowenjiandeng。bingqielianxiguoqingqiuyuangongbixukeyihuoxuhuoxuyuchabiedegongjutingzhijiaohuan,bingzuodaoyouyong、qingchu、jianlian、jingqueketuo、nengchanshipangzadetimu,tongshiyaoyouxishouli,bianyuduifangdongde。

zaidaxueshidai,yaozhongshiwaiyucainengdepeiyu,jinlianlianbawo“chuanwenduxie”degenjishouyi,yeyaoduoaoliancaozongwaiyutingzhixingdongheshumianjiaohuandexianshiliyongcaineng。youqiantidehuayekeyihuoxuhuoxudaochangtuofu、yasidengzaiguojishangbeibianjirenkedeshuohuachengduceyan,qudedechengjiuyouzhuyuqingqiuguojigouzaodelianxi、zhiyuan、zhengshishimingmingmu。

(2)zonghebenzhi

guojigouzaoduisuopingongshiyuandeqingqiu,buchunzhenshishouyixing、zhuanyexingde,gengshouyaodeshizairenhezhichangdouxuyaodexiangtongcaineng、caochicaineng,tebiekuadaguojigouzao、kuawenmingshimingsuoxuyaodemouxiecaineng,bifanghuobanganxi(partnership)、tuanduijingli(team spirit)、xietonggongtong(synergy)、hudong(interaction)、bicizunjingyudongde(mutual respect and understanding)deng。zaishimingzhong,yaochengxinshidepeiyuyouyongbulvdecaineng,fangzhiyouxiaobulv。

tianxiaweishenggouzaoyouyigehuanqiucainengmoban(global competency model),fanyingleduiguojigongshiyuangefangmiancainengdezhengtiqingqiu,fenweijiaodiancaineng、caochicaineng、dailingcainengsandalei,gong13xiangneirong,henjubeicankaodaijia。

gudongmianlichengchigaoxiaobiyeshengzilichuangye,bubianjiaojiefuxian

77.gaoxiaobiyeshengzilichuangye,keyihuoxuhuoxuxiangyongnaxieyouhuizhengce?

genju《guowuyuanduijinyibuzuohaoxinqingshixiafuxianchuangyeshimingdedingjian》(guofa〔2015〕23hao)、《guowuyuanbangongtingduishenqiegaodangyaboappliyichuangyejiaodaodingxindeshixingdingjian》(guobanfa〔2015〕36hao)dengwenjianhuading,gaoxiaobiyeshengzilichuangyeyouhuizhengceshouyaobaoluo:

(1)shuishouyouhui:chirenshejubuhefa《fuxianchuangyezheng》(shenming“biyenianduneizilichuangyeshuishouzhengce”)degaoxiaobiyeshengzaibiyeniandunei(zhibiyedidiantianrannian,ji1yue1rizhi12yue31ri)chuangbangebiegongshanghu、xiaowoduziqiyede,3nianneianmeihumeiyinian8000yuanweixianeshuncikoujianqixishixianshiyingjiaonadetingyeshui、chengshibaohufuzhishui、jiaodaofeifujiahexiaowosuodeshui。duigaoxiaobiyeshengchuangbandexiaoxingweiliqiye,anguoduhuadingxiangyongxiangganshuishouchengchizhengce。

(2)chuangyebaoguancunkuanhetiexichengchi:duiheshiqiantidegaoxiaobiyeshengzilichuangyede,kezaichuangyedianhuadingqingqiuchuangyebaoguancunkuan,cunkuaneduwei10wanyuan。gudongmianlijinrongjigoucanzhaocunkuangenbenlilv,lianxiweixianfenguanhuanjing,gongdaokendingcunkuanlilvchengdu,duixiaowofafangdechuangyebaoguancunkuan,zaicunkuangenbenlilvgenbenshangshangfu3gebaifendianzhineide,youcaizhengciyutiexi。

(3)mianshouyouguanxingzhengqijixingshoufei:biye2nianzhineidetongsugaoxiaobiyeshengchuzhigebieyunying(chuguoduxiandingdexingyewai)de,ziqizaigongshangjubuchuduzhuceguahaozhiriqi3niannei,mianshoucaochilei、guahaoleihezhengzhaoleidengyouguanxingzhengqijixingshoufei。

(4)xiangyongpeixunbutie:duigaoxiaobiyeshengzaibiyexuenian(jicongbiyeqianyinian7yue1riqide12geyue)neidaochangchuangyepeixunde,genjuqiqudechuangyepeixunjigezhengshuhuofuxian、chuangyehuanjing,anhuadingciyupeixunbutie。

(5)shoufeichuangyebanshi:youchuangyezhiyuandegaoxiaobiyesheng,keshoufeiqudedazhongfuxianherencaibanshijigougongyingdechuangyezhidianbanshi,baoluozhengcezhengxun、xinxibanshi、mingmuchidi、weixianpingjia、tingyezhidian、rongzibanshi、genzongchanfudeng“yitiaolong”chuangyebanshi。gedizaichongshichanyanggezhongchuangyefuhuajidiganhuadegenbenshang,suijiyingbianfuzhiyipidaxianshengchuangyefuhuajidi,bingciyuxiangganzhengcechanfu。duijidineidaxianshengchuangyeqiyeyaogongyingpeixunhezhidianbanshi,luoshichanfuzhengce,jinlijinbuchuangyeshenglilv,danwuqiyecunhuoqi。

(6)daxiaogaoxiaobiyeshengluohuxianding,yunxugaoxiaobiyeshengzaichuangyedicaochiluohushouxu(zhixiashianyouguanhuadingshixing)。

78. daxianshengchuangyegongshangguahaoyoushenmeqingqiu?

shenqieshangshiguizhidingxin,jinyibuluoshizhucebenqianguahaoguizhidingxin,guoduanfengxinggongshangtingyezhizhao、gouzaojigoudaimazheng、shuiwuguahaozheng“sanzhengheyi”,biance“sanzhengheyi”guahaoguizhidingxindingjianhetongyishehuixinyudaimadasuan,wancheng“yizhaoyima”。fangkuanxinzhuceqiyechangheguahaoqiantixianding,biance“yizhiduozhao”、jiqunzhucedeng,xiajiangdaxianshengchuangyemenkan。

79.duidaxianshengzilichuangyexuejicaochiyoushenmeqingqiu?

genju《jiaodaobuduizuohao2016jietianxiatongsugaodangyaboappbiyeshengfuxianchuangyeshimingdegaosu》(jiangshou〔2015〕12hao)wenjianhuading,duiyouzilichuangyezhiyuandedaxiansheng,shixingdanxingxuezhi,fangkuanxianshengqiuxuenianxian,yunxudiaojixueyelicheng、baoliuxuejixiuxueliyichuangye。

80.gaoxiaodingzilichuangyedaxianshengkegongyingshenmeqianti?

genju《tongsugaodangyaboappxianshengcaochihuading》(zhonghuagongmingongheguojiaodaobulingdi41hao)、《jiaodaobuduizuohao2016jietianxiatongsugaodangyaboappbiyeshengfuxianchuangyeshimingdegaosu》(jiangshou〔2015〕12hao)wenjianhuading:

(1)xianshengdaochangliyichuangye、shehuixianshidenggoudanghebanfalunwen、qudezhuanlishouquandengyuzhuanyejinxiu、xueyeqingqiuxianggandelvli、gongxiao,keyihuoxuhuoxuzhesuanweixuefen,jituixueyechengjiu。xiangxitiliyouyaboapphuading。yaboappgaidanggudongmianli、chengchihezhidianxianshengdaochangshehuixianshi、liyichuangyegoudang,keyihuoxuhuoxuchengliliyichuangyedangan、shezhiliyichuangyexuefen。

(2)yaboappkeyihuoxuhuoxugenjuhuanjingchenglibingshixingjiaojiedejinxiuguizhi。duixiuxuechuangyedexiansheng,keyihuoxuhuoxulingdinghuadingzuizhangjinxiunianxian,bingjianhuaxiuxuehezhunfashi。

(3)xiuxuechuangyehuofuyihouxiuxuedexiansheng,yinbenshenhuanjingxuyaozhuanzhuanyede,yaboappgaidangyouxianzhenzhuo。

(4)gedigegaoxiaofuzhiyipidaxianshengchuangyeshumojidi,chixubiancedaxuekejiyuan、chuangyeyuan、chuangyefuhuajidihelianxixianshijidifuzhi,gaoxiaoyingchiditediyuandiyongyuxianshengliyichuangyexianshigoudang,jiaodaobugongchengyantaozhongjian、gezhongchangshishi、jiangshouyiqizhuangbeidengzhunshengshangdouyaoxiangxianshengkaifang。

(5)gegaoxiaoyaoyouhuajingfeishourubuju,duoqudaojianguzhipeizijin,chengchiliyichuangyejiaodaojiangshou,zanzhuxianshengliyichuangyemingmu。

81.gaoxiaobiyeshengruohejinshengzilichuangyedecaineng?

gegaoxiaoyaogenjurencaipeiyudingweiheliyichuangyejiaodaofangzhenqingqiu,zengjinzhuanyejiaodaoyuliyichuangyejiaodaowujironghui,diaojizhuanyekechengshezhi,fajuehechongshigezhongzhuanyekechengdeliyichuangyejiaodaobenqian,zaijiaoshouzhuanyechangshilichengzhongjiaqiangliyichuangyejiaodao。mianxiangquanbuxianshengchidikaisheliyichuangye?kehexuanxiuke,guituixuefencaochi。

gedirenlibenqianshehuibaozhengjubuyigouchengyixiechengshudechuangyepeixunxingshi,ru“gyb”(fashengnideqiyeshefa)、“syb”(chuangbannideqiye)、“iyb”(gailiangnideqiye);gaoxiaobiyeshengketiaoxuandaochangchuangyepeixunheshixun,bingkeanhuadingxiangyongpeixunbutie,yijinbuchuangyecaineng。

82.gaoxiaoruohezhankailiyichuangyejiaodao?

jianquanliyichuangyejiaodaokechengxitong。gaoxiaoyaojiasuliyichuangyejiaodaoyouliangkechengxinxihuafuzhi,tuichuyipibenqiantongxiangdemuke、shipingongrankedengzaixiankaifangkecheng。chenglizaixiankaifangkechengjinxiurenzhenghexuefenrendingguizhi。gouzaoxuekedaitouren、xingyeqiyeyouyirencai,lianxibianxiejubeimixinxing、jinbuqianbeixing、heyongxingdeliyichuangyejiaodaozhongdiankeben。

dingxinjiangshoutilihechahetili。gaoxiaoyaobianjizhankaikaidaoshi、huishangshi、daochangshijiangshou,kuozhanxiaobanhuajiangshoulonggaimian,biancejiaoyuanbaguojiqianyanxueshuchengzhang、zuixinyantaogongxiaohexianshilvlirongrujiangtangjiangshou,zhongshipeiyuxianshengdepipingxinghedizaoxingsiwei,jiqiliyichuangyelinggan。liyong“dashuju”shouyi,bawochabiexianshengjinxiuxuyaohejilv,weixianshengzilijinxiugongyingjiabeifengshuoduoyangdejiaodaobenqian。dingxinceyanchaheneironghetili,zhongshichahexianshengliyongchangshichanfa、chulitifangzhencaineng,mosuofeiguifanmidiceyan,feichu“gaofendineng”jibi。

qianghualiyichuangyexianshi。gaoxiaoyaojiaqiangzhuanyechangshishi、jiazaofangzhenchangshishi、chuangyechangshishihelianxizhongjianfuzhi,zengjinchangshijiangshoupingtaitongxiang。gediyu、gegaoxiaokejiliyibenqianzhunshengshangxiangquanbuzaixiaoxianshengkaifang,kaifanghuanjingguirugezhongyantaojidi、zhongdianchangshishi、kejiyuanpingjiaguifan。gudongmianligediyu、gegaoxiaochongshicaozonggezhongbenqianfuzhidaxuekejiyuan、daxianshengchuangyeyuan、chuangyefuhuajidihexiaoweiqiyechuangyejidi,zuoweichuangyejiaodaoxianshipingtai,jianhaoyipidaxianshengxiaowaixianshijiaodaojidi、chuangyeshumojidi、kejichuangyelianxijidihezhiyeyuanxiaoshixunjidi。wanmeiguodu、chusuo、gaoxiaosanjiliyichuangyeshixunjiangshouxitong,shenshizaixingdaxianshengliyichuangyelianxidasuan,kuozhanlonggaimian,zengjinmingmuluodizhuanhua。juxingtianxiadaxianshengliyichuangyedasai,bantuotianxiazhiyeyuanxiaoshouyidasai,chengchijuxinggezhongkejiliyi、chuangyishexiang、chuangyedasuandengzhuantibisai。chengchigaoxiaoxianshengchengliliyichuangyexiehui、chuangyejulebudengshetuan,juxingliyichuangyejiangzuofuzhuangluntant.vhao.net,zhankailiyichuangyexianshi。

83.ruohexianggaoxiaobiyeshengchenglidexiaoweiqiyeyouxianzhuanyikejigongxiao?

guodugudongmianlicaozongcaizhengxingzijinshelidekeyanjigou、tongsugaoxiao、zhiyeyuanxiao,jingyoulichengxiezuoshixing、rangdu、yunxuhetouzidengtili,xianggaoxiaobiyeshengchenglidexiaoweiqiyeyouxianzhuanyikejigongxiao。

84.ruoheqingqiuchuangyebaoguancunkuan?zainaxieyinxingkeyihuoxuhuoxuqingqiuchuangyebaoguancunkuan?

chuangyebaoguancunkuangenjuzhiyuanqingqiu、shequbaoju、renlibenqianshehuibaozhengjubuchachao、cunkuanbaoguanjigouchahebingxunuobaoguan、maoyiyinxinghedaidefashi,caochicunkuanshouxu。

lieguoyoumaoyiyinxing、gufenzhimaoyiyinxing、chengshimaoyiyinxinghechengxiangxinyushedoukeyihuoxuhuoxuchuangbanchuangyebaoguancunkuantingye,gediyugenjuxianshihuanjingkendingxiangxibaobanyinxing。zaizhidingdexiangxibaobanyinxingkeyihuoxuhuoxucaochichuangyebaoguancunkuan。

85. naxiemingmushuyuweilimingmu?

weilimingmuyougesheng、zizhiqu、zhixiashigongmindangjulianxibendixianshihuanjingkending,bingbaocaizhengbu、zhongguogongminyinxing、renlibenqianheshehuibaozhengbubeian。duichuzhiweilimingfangzhen,caizhengjushiquanetiexi,zhanqibutiexi。

86.lixiaohouweifuxiangaoxiaobiyeshengruohedaochangfuxianjianxi?

renlibenqianshehuibaozhengjubujingyoulichengmeiti、dazhongfuxianherencaibanshijitanpandianshi、shouji、baozhidengduozhongqudao,xuanbufuxianjianxixinxi,xuanbujianxidanyuanmingdan、gangtingshumu、keri、zhiyuanqingqiudengyouguanneirong,huogouzaozhankaijianxidanyuanhegaoxiaobiyeshengdeshuangxiangtiaoxuangoudang,zanzhulixiaoweifuxiangaoxiaobiyeshenghejianxidanyuanduijie。lixiaohouweifuxianhuidaokejidegaoxiaobiyeshengkeyukejididiandirenlibenqianshehuibaozhengjubujibendituangouzaojieqia,zidongqingqiudaochangfuxianjianxi。

87.fuxianjianxikeriyouduozhang?

gaoxiaobiyeshengfuxianjianxikeritongsuwei3-12geyue。

gaoxiaobiyeshengfuxianjianxigoudangjunshihou,jianxidanyuanduigaoxiaobiyeshengtingzhichahepanding,chujujianxizhengshi,zuoweiyongrendanyuanguyonghexuanyongjianxigaoxiaobiyeshengdegenjuzhiyi。zaijianxishidai,youjianxidanyuanzhengshilu(pin)yongde,zaigaidanyuandejianxiqikeyihuoxuhuoxuzuoweigonglingjijiao。

88.lixiaoweifuxiangaoxiaobiyeshengdaochangfuxianjianxixiangyongnaxiezhengcehebanshi?

(1)qudegenjihukoubutie(genjihukoubutieyongduyoujianxidanyuanhechusuodangjufenguan,gediyaogenjubendijingjichengzhanghewujiachengdu,gongdaokendingheshishidiaojigenjihukoubutieguifan);

(2)shoufeicaochirenshidaibanshuli;

(3)caochirenshenbuceweixianbaoxian;

(4)jianxiqimanweibeirenmingkechixuxiangyongfuxianzhidianyubanshi。

89.jianxidanyuannengxiangyongshenmeyouhuizhengce?

duiqiye(danyuan)xinalixiaoweifuxiangaoxiaobiyeshengdaochangfuxianjianxide,youjianxiqiye(danyuan)xianxingdianfujianxizhiyuanjianxishidaigenjihukoubutie,zaianhuadingxiangbendirenlibenqianshehuibaozhengjubuqingqiufuxianjianxibutie。

fuxianjianxibutieqingqiucailiaoyingfu:xianshidaochangfuxianjianxidezhiyuanmingdan、fuxianjianxihetanshu、jianxizhiyuan《shenfenzheng》、《guahaozheng》fuyinjianhedaxuebiyezhengfuyinjian、qiye(danyuan)fafanggenjihukoubutiemingxizhang(dan)、qiye(danyuan)zaiyinxingkailidegenjizhanghudengpingjucailiao,jingrenlibenqianshehuibaozhengjubuchahehou,caizhengjubujiangzijinfuchudaoqiye(danyuan)zaiyinxingkailidegenjizhanghu。

jianxidanyuanshourudejianxibutiexiangganyongdu,bujirushehuibaoxianjiaofeijishu,danheshishuishoufalinglvlihuadingde,keyihuoxuhuoxuzaijijiaoqiyesuodeshuiyingzhengshuisuodeeshikouchu。

90.gaoxiaobiyeshengruoheqingqiudaochangzhiyepeixun?

zhiyepeixunyougedirenlibenqianshehuibaozhengjubudanfugouzaoshixing。gaoxiaobiyeshengkedaobendirenlibenqianshehuibaozhengjubuzhengxunlinghuizhiyepeixunzhankaihuanjing,tiaoxuanshihedepeixunmingmudaochang。

zhiyepeixunshimingshouyaoyoudangjurendingdepeixunjigou、jigongyuanxiaohuoqiyesuoshupeixunjigouchengdang。

91. gaoxiaobiyeshengkefouxiangyongzhiyepeixunbutiezhengce?ruoheqingqiuzhiyepeixunbutie?

gaoxiaobiyeshengbiyenianduneidaochangfuxianshouyipeixunhuochuangyepeixun,keanhuadingxiangbendirenlibenqianshehuibaozhengjubuqingqiuzhiyepeixunbutie。biyehouanhuadingtingzhilefuxianguahaodegaoxiaobiyeshengdaochangfuxianshouyipeixunhuochuangyepeixun,yekexiangbendirenlibenqianshehuibaozhengjubuqingqiuzhiyepeixunbutie。

genju《caizhengbu、renlibenqianshehuibaozhengbuduijinyibujiaqiangfuxianzhuanxiangzijincaochiyouguantifangzhengaosu》(caishe〔2011〕64hao)dengwenjianhuading,qingqiucailiaojingrenlibenqianshehuibaozhengjubuchahehou,caizhengjubuanhuadingjiangbutiezijinjianjiebofujiqingqiuzheziji。zhiyepeixunbutieqingqiucailiaoyingfu:peixunzhiyuan《shenfenzheng》fuyinjian、《fuxianchuangyezheng》fuyinjian、zhiyezilizhengshu(zhuanxiangzhiyecainengzhengshuhuopeixunjigezhengshu)fuyinjian、fuxianhuochuangyezhengshicailiao、zhiyepeixunjigoukaijudexingzhengqijixingshoufeidanju(huoshuiwufapiao)dengpingjucailiao。

gaoxiaobiyeshengdaochangfuxianshouyipeixunhuochuangyepeixunhou,peixunjigebingjingyoulichengzhiyeshouyipandingqudedijiyishangzhiyezilizhengshu(weibanfaguoduzhiyeshouyiguifandezhiyeyingqudezhuanxiangzhiyecainengzhengshuhuochuangyepeixunjigezhengshu),6geyueneiwanchengfuxiande,anzhiyepeixunbutieguifande100%ciyubutie。6geyueneibuwanchengfuxiande,qudedijiyishangzhiyezilizhengshu,anzhiyepeixunbutieguifande80%ciyubutie;qudezhuanxiangzhiyecainengzhengshuhuochuangyepeixunjigezhengshu,anzhiyepeixunbutieguifande60%ciyubutie。

92.gaoxiaobiyeshengruohequdezhiyezilizhengshu?

gaoxiaobiyeshengxiaowokexiangzhiyeshouyipandingsuo(zhan)ziliqingqiuzhiyeshouyipanding。zhiyeshouyipandingyaodaochangxianshichangshiceyanhecaozongshouyi(zhuanyecaineng)chahe。jingpandingjigezhe,yourenlibenqianshehuibaozhengjubuhefaxiangyingdezhiyezilizhengshu。

93.gaoxiaobiyeshengkefouxiangyongzhiyeshouyipandingbutiezhengce,ruoheqingqiushouyipandingbutie?

genju《caizhengbu、renlibenqianshehuibaozhengbuduijinyibujiaqiangfuxianzhuanxiangzijincaochiyouguantifangzhengaosu》(caishe〔2011〕64hao)dengwenjianhuading,duigaoxiaobiyeshengzaibiyenianduneijingyoulichengchuduzhiyeshouyipandingbingqudezhiyezilizhengshuhuozhuanxiangzhiyecainengzhengshude,anhuadingciyuyicixingzhiyeshouyipandingbutie。

jingyoulichengchuduzhiyeshouyipandingbingqudezhiyezilizhengshuhuozhuanxiangzhiyecainengzhengshude,kexiangzhiyeshouyipandingdidiandirenlibenqianshehuibaozhengjubuqingqiuyicixingzhiyeshouyipandingbutie。zhiyeshouyipandingbutieqingqiucailiaoyingfu:qingqiuren《shenfenzheng》fuyinjian、《fuxianchuangyezheng》fuyinjian、zhiyezilizhengshufuyinjian、zhiyeshouyipandingjigoukaijudexingzhengqijixingshoufeidanju(huoshuiwufapiao)dengpingjucailiao,jingrenlibenqianshehuibaozhengjubuchahehou,caizhengjubuanhuadingjiangbutiezijinfuchujiqingqiuzheziji。

weigaoxiaobiyeshenggongyingfuxianzhidian、fuxianbanshihefuxianzengyuan

94.shouyaoyounaxiejigouweigaoxiaobiyeshenggongyingfuxianbanshi?

(1)dazhongfuxianherencaibanshijigou

yougejirenlibenqianshehuibaozhengjubujuxingdedazhongfuxianherencaibanshijigou,weigaoxiaobiyeshengshoufeigongyingzhengcezhengxun、fuxianxinxi、zhiyezhidian、zhiyexianrong、fuxianzengyuan、fuxianyufuxianguahaohuoqiuzhiguahaodenggexiangdazhongbanshi,anhuadingweiguahaofuxiangaoxiaobiyeshengshoufeigongyingrenshidangancaochidengbanshi。biede,haianqizhankaimianxianggaoxiaobiyeshengdedazhongfuxianherencaibanshizhuanxianggoudang,bifangmeiyinian5yue“minyingqiyeguyongzhou”、meiyinian9yue“gaoxiaobiyeshengfuxianbanshiyue”、meiyinian11yue“gaoxiaobiyeshengfuxianbanshizhou”deng,weigaoxiaobiyeshengheyongrendanyuandajiangongxuduijiepingtai。

(2)gaoxiaobiyeshengfuxianzhidianjigou

jinchao,geshengjiaodaojubu、gegaoxiaobianjichenglilegaoxiaobiyeshengfuxianzhidianjigou,weibiyeshenggongyingfuxianzhengxun、yongrendanyuanguyongjilianxishixunxinxi、qiuzhijishu、zhiyehukoushengjijiaodao、biyeshengbaoju、lianxixianshicainengjinshenghefuxianshouxucaochidengduoxiangfuxianzhidianhebanshi。

(3)zhiyezhongjiejigou

shouyaobaoluochuzhirenlibenqianbanshideyunyingxingjigou,dangjugudongmianligezhongzhiyezhongjiejigouweigaoxiaobiyeshenggongyingfuxianbanshi,duiweiguahaofuxiangaoxiaobiyeshenggongyingbanshibingheshiqiantidezhiyezhongjiejigouanhuadingciyuzhiyexianrongbutie。

95.zhiyezhongjiejigouruohexiangyongzhiyexianrongbutie?

genju《caizhengbu、renlibenqianshehuibaozhengbuduijinyibujiaqiangfuxianzhuanxiangzijincaochiyouguantifangzhengaosu》(caishe〔2011〕64hao)dengwenjianhuading,zaigongshangxingzhengjubuguahaozhucedezhiyezhongjiejigou,keanjingqifuxianbanshihouxianshifuxiandeguahaofuxianzhiyuanrenshuxiangbendirenlibenqianshehuibaozhengjubuqingqiuzhiyexianrongbutie。

zhiyexianrongbutieqingqiucailiaoyingfu:jingzhiyezhongjiejigoufuxianbanshihouyiwanchengfuxiandeguahaofuxianzhiyuanmingdan、jieguanfuxianbanshidezijishumingji《zhuminshenfenzheng》(yixiajiancheng《shenfenzheng》)fuyinjian、《fuxianchuangyezheng》(yixiajiancheng《guahaozheng》)fuyinjian、xiuxihehuayifuxianzhengshicailiaofuyinjian、zhiyezhongjiejigouzaiyinxingkailidegenjizhanghudengpingjucailiao。qingqiucailiaojingrenlibenqianshehuibaozhengjubuchahehou,caizhengjubuanhuadingjiangbutiezijinfuchulizhiyezhongjiejigouzaiyinxingkailidegenjizhanghu。

96.gaoxiaobiyeshengqudefuxianxinxideshouyaoqudaoyounaxie?

(1)yuedugezhongfuxianxinxiwangzhan,baoluozhongjianyouguanjubuzhulidetianxiaxingfuxianxinxiwangzhan、chuyiqieguanjubuzhulidefuxianxinxiwangzhan、gegaoxiaofuxianxinxiwangzhanjixiaoneibbsqiuzhibanmian、qiyuzhuanyexingfuxianwangzhandeng;

(2)daochanggezhongguyongheshuangxiangtiaoxuangoudang,baoluoguoduyouguanjubu、gedi、yaboapp、yongrendanyuandengxiangganjigougouzaodegezhongxianchanghuoshoujiguyonggoudang;

(3)daochangxiaoqixiezuolianxi,baoluoshehuixianshi、biyelianxidenggoudang;

(4)chayuemeitigaobai,rubaozhi、kanwu、diantai、dianshitai、shipinmeitideng;

(5)bierenbaoju,rudaoshi、xiaoyou、qinpengdeng;

(6)zidongdaodanyuanqiuzhizijiandeng。

97.zaixiaoshidaigaoxiaobiyeshengkeyihuoxuhuoxujingyoulichengnaxieluzijinshengfuxiancaineng?

zaixuehaozhuanyechangshishouyidetongshi,genjuyaboappqingqiuhuozhipei,biyeshengkeyihuoxuhuoxujingyoulichengxuanxiuhuo?fuxianzhidiankecheng、daochangyaboappgouzaodefuxianlianxi、jishujiaodao、moniguyongdenggoudang,jinxiuhelinghuixiangganzhiyedecailiaohexinxi,chongshijiezhushehuixianshipingtai,zhouquanjinshengfuxiancaineng。

gaoxiaobiyeshenghaikejingyoulichengyaboappshixingdebiyezhengshuyuzhiyezilizhengshu“shuangzhengshu”guizhi、gouzaodaoqiyedingganglianxi、daochangrenlibenqianshehuibaozhengjuburendingdedingdianjigouzhankaidezhiyeshouyipeixundeng,shizaijiaqiangbenshendegangtingshunyingcainengyufuxianxiezuoli,zengjinzhiyesuyangdeyangcheng。

98.jiankujiatinggaoxiaobiyeshengbaoluonaxiebiyesheng?xiangyongnaxiebangfuzhengce?

jiankujiatinggaoxiaobiyeshengshizhi:laizichengzhendibaojiating、dibaobianyuanhujiating、cunluopinkujiatinghecanjirenjiatingdetongsugaoxiaobiyesheng。

gejigouzaokaolugongshiyuan、qijidanyuanguyongshimingzhiyuanshi,mianshoujiankujiatinggaoxiaobiyeshengdebaomingfeihetijianfei。

weizanzhujiankujiatingdegaoxiaobiyeshengqiuzhifuxian,gaoxiaotongsuchengshizhipeijingfeizuoweijiankujiatingbiyeshengdeqiuzhibutie,huoduiyishenglifuxiandejiankujiatingbiyeshengciyujiajiang。jiankujiatingdebiyeshengkexiangdidianyuanxishumianqingqiu。yaboappyeyinggenjurichangpingfanbawodehuanjing,duijiankujiatingdebiyeshengciyuzidongzanzhu。

cong2013nianqi,duixiangyongchengxiangzhuminzuidihukoubaozhengjiating、qudeguoduzhuxuecunkuandebiyenianduneigaoxiaobiyesheng,keciyuyicixingqiuzhichuangyebutie,butieguifanyougeshengjicaizheng、renlibenqianshehuibaozhengjubuhuitongyouguanjubugenjubendixianshiniding,suoxuzijinanhuadingdaochangfuxianzhuanxiangzijinshouruguimo。

99.gaoxiaobiyeshengruohecaochifuxianguahaohefuxianguahao?lixiaohouweifuxianruohequdexiangyingdefuxianzhidianhebanshi?

zaifadingxiuxichunqiunei、youxiuxicainenghefuxianqingqiu、chuyuwuyezhuangkuangdechengzhenchangzhuzhiyuan,keyihuoxuhuoxudaochangzhudidedazhongfuxianbanshijigoutingzhifuxianguahao。gedidazhongfuxianbanshijigouyaoweiguahaofuxiandegezhongzhiyuangongyingjundenghuadezhengcezhengxun、zhiyezhidian、zhiyexianrongdengdazhongfuxianbanshihepuhuixingfuxianzhengce,bingmanmanshiwailaixiuxizheyubendihujishengchixiangyouhuayidefuxianchanfuzhengce。jiang《fuxianfuxianguahaozheng》diaojiwei《fuxianchuangyezheng》,shoufeifafang,zuoweixiuxizhexiangyongdazhongfuxianbanshijifuxianchanfuzhengcedepingju。youqiantidechusuokezidongbianceshehuibaozhengkazaifuxianfanchoudecaozong。

100.lixiaoweifuxiangaoxiaobiyeshengxiangyongnaxiebanshihezhengce?

genju《guowuyuanbangongtingduizuohao2013niantianxiatongsugaodangyaboappbiyeshengfuxianshimingdegaosu》(guobanfa[2013]35hao)he《renlibenqianshehuibaozhengbuduishixinglixiaoweifuxiangaoxiaobiyeshengfuxianzengjindasuandegaosu》(renshebufa〔2013〕41hao)qingqiu,weizuohaolixiaoweifuxiangaoxiaobiyeshengfuxianshiming,cong2013nianqishixinglixiaoweifuxiangaoxiaobiyeshengfuxianzengjindasuan:

(1)chusuogejirenshejubusuoshudazhongfuxianrencaibanshijitanpanxiacengdazhongfuxianbanshipingtaiyaomianxiangyiqielixiaoweifuxiangaoxiaobiyesheng(baoluohujibuzaibendidegaoxiaobiyesheng)kaifang,caochiqiuzhiguahaohuofuxianguahaoshouxu,fafang《fuxianchuangyezheng》,moqingfuxianbanshixuyao。cizhong,zhixiashiweifeibendihujigaoxiaobiyeshengcaochifuxianguahaotilianxianxinghuadingshixing;

(2)duishimingguahaodeyiqieweifuxiangaoxiaobiyeshenggongyinggengjuzhenduixingdezhiyezhidian;

(3)duiyouqiuzhizhiyuandegaoxiaobiyeshengyaoshishigongyingfuxianxinxi;

(4)duiyouchuangyezhiyuandegaoxiaobiyesheng,gediyaoguirubendichuangyebanshixitong,gongyingzhengcezhengxun、mingmuchidi、chuangyepeixun、rongzibanshi、genzongchanfudeng“yitiaolong”chuangyebanshi。shishigongyingfuxianxinxi;

(5)yaojianglingfuxianjiating、jingjijiankujiating、canjidengfuxianjiankudeweifuxiangaoxiaobiyeshenglieweizhongdianshiminggongju,gongying“yiduiyi”texinghuafuxianbangfu,quebaowanchengfuxian;

(6)duiyoufuxianjianxizhiyuandegaoxiaobiyesheng,gediyaoshishiguirufuxianjianxishiminggongjuguimo,quebaokeyihuoxuhuoxusuishidaochang;

(7)duiyoupeixunzhiyuandelixiaoweifuxiangaoxiaobiyesheng,gediyaolianxiqizhuanyetese,gouzaodaochangzhiyepeixunheshouyipanding,anhuadingluoshixiangganbutiezhengce;

(8)chusuogejidazhongfuxianrencaibanshijigouyaoweilixiaoweifuxiangaoxiaobiyeshengshoufeigongyingdangantuoguan、renshidaibanshuli、shehuibaoxiancaochihechixudengyixiliebanshi,jianhuabanshiliucheng,jinbubanshixiaoli;youqiantidechusuokeduidaoxiaoweiqiyefuxiandelixiaoweifuxiangaoxiaobiyesheng,gongyingshoufeiderenshixiuxibaozhengdaibanshulibanshi;

(9)jiadarenlibenqianshichangjixilidu,junlichongjiguyonglichengzhongdeezhabulv,shishigaizhengxingbieqingshiheqiyugezhongfuxianqingshi。jiadaxiuxiyonggong、jiaonashehuibaoxianfeidengfangmiandexiuxibaozhengjianchalidu,shizaibaohugaoxiaobiyeshengfuxianhoudezhengdangquanli。

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