亚博APP

亚博APP
亚博APP
就业工作
当前位置: 亚博APP > 就业工作 > 正文

高校毕业生就业创业百问(2017年版)

发布日期:2019-01-26


2017nian05yue23ri 15:28

guliyindaogaoxiaobiyeshengmianxiangchengxiangjiceng、zhongxibudiquyijiminzudiqu、pinkundiquhejiankubianyuandiqujiuye

1.shenmeshijicengjiuye?

jicengjiuyejiushidaochengxiangjicenggongzuo。guojiajinjinianchutaileyixilieyouhuizhengceguligaoxiaobiyeshengjijicanjiashehuizhuyixinnongcunjianshe、chengshishequjiansheheyingzhengruwu。yibanlaijiang,“jiceng”jibaokuoguangdanongcun,yebaokuochengshijiedaoshequ;jihangaixianjiyixiadangzhengjiguan、qishiyedanwei,yebaokuoshehuituanti、feigongyouzhizuzhihezhongxiaoqiye;jibaohandanweijiuye,yebaokuozizhuchuangye、zimouzhiye。

2.guojiagulibiyeshengdaojicengjiuyedezhuyaoyouhuizhengcebaokuonaxie?

anzhao《zhonggongzhongyangbangongting guowuyuanbangongtingyinfa<yaboappjinyibuyindaoheguligaoxiaobiyeshengdaojicenggongzuodeyijian>detongzhi》(zhongbanfa〔2016〕79hao)、anzhao《guowuyuanyaboappjinyibuzuohaoxinxingshixiajiuyechuangyegongzuodeyijian》(guofa〔2015〕23hao)、《guowuyuanbangongtingyaboappzuohao2014nianquanguoputonggaodengxuexiaobiyeshengjiuyechuangyegongzuodetongzhi》(guofa〔2014〕22hao)、《guowuyuanbangongtingyaboappzuohao2013nianquanguoputonggaodengxuexiaobiyeshengjiuyegongzuodetongzhi》(guobanfa〔2013〕35hao)he《guowuyuanyaboappjinyibuzuohaoputonggaodengxuexiaobiyeshengjiuyegongzuodetongzhi》(guofa〔2011〕16hao)dengwenjianguiding:

(1)wanshangongzidaiyujinyibuxiangjicengqingxiedebanfa,jianquangaoxiaobiyeshengdaojicenggongzuodefuwubaozhangjizhi,gulibiyeshengdaoxiangzhentebieshikunnanxiangzhenjiguanshiyedanweigongzuo。

(2)duigaoxiaobiyeshengdaozhongxibudiqu、jiankubianyuandiquhelaogongyejidixianyixiajicengdanweijiuye、lvxingyidingfuwuqixiande,anguidingjiyuxuefeibuchangheguojiazhuxuedaikuandaichang(benzhuankexueshengmeirenmeinianzuigaobuchaoguo8000yuan、yanjiushengmeirenmeinianzuigaobuchaoguo12000yuan)。

(3)jiehezhengfugoumaifuwugongzuodetuijin,zaijicengtebieshijiedao(xiangzhen)、shequ(cun)goumaiyipigonggongguanliheshehuifuwugangwei,youxianyongyuxinagaoxiaobiyeshengjiuye。

(4)luoshiwanshanjianxibutiezhengce,duijianxiqimanliuyonglvdadao50%yishangdejianxidanwei,shidangtigaojianxibutiebiaozhun。

(5)jiangqiuzhibutiediaozhengweiqiuzhichuangyebutie,duixiangfanweikuozhandaoyihuodeguojiazhuxuedaikuandebiyeniandugaoxiaobiyesheng。

(6)jiankubianyuandiqujicengjiguanzhaolugaoxiaobiyeshengkeshidangfangkuanxueli、zhuanyedengtiaojian,jiangdikaikaobili,keshezhiyidingshuliangdezhiweimianxiangjuyouyaboapp、xianhujihuozaiyaboapp、xianzhangqishenghuodegaoxiaobiyesheng。

gediquyaojiehechengzhenhuajinchenghegonggongfuwujundenghuayaoqiu,chongfenwajuejiaoyu、laodongjiuye、shehuibaozhang、yiliaoweisheng、zhufangbaozhang、shehuigongzuo、wenhuatiyujicanjirenfuwu、nongjituiguangdengjicenggonggongguanlihefuwulingyudejiuyeqianli,xinagaoxiaobiyeshengjiuye。yaojiehetuijinnongyekejichuangxin、jianquannongyeshehuihuafuwutixideng,yindaogengduogaoxiaobiyeshengtoushenxiandainongye。

3.guojiaduizaijicenggongzuodegaoxiaobiyeshengzhiyefazhanyounaxiegulizhengcecuoshi?

anzhao《zhonggongzhongyangbangongting guowuyuanbangongtingyinfa<yaboappjinyibuyindaoheguligaoxiaobiyeshengdaojicenggongzuodeyijian>detongzhi》(zhongbanfa〔2016〕79hao)、《guowuyuanyaboappjinyibuzuohaoxinxingshixiajiuyechuangyegongzuodeyijian》(guofa〔2015〕23hao)、《guowuyuanbangongtingyaboappzuohao2014nianquanguoputonggaodengxuexiaobiyeshengjiuyechuangyegongzuodetongzhi》(guofa〔2014〕22hao)、《guowuyuanbangongtingyaboappzuohao2013nianquanguoputonggaodengxuexiaobiyeshengjiuyegongzuodetongzhi》(guobanfa〔2013〕35hao)he《guowuyuanyaboappjinyibuzuohaoputonggaodengxuexiaobiyeshengjiuyegongzuodetongzhi》(guofa〔2011〕16hao)dengwenjianguiding:

(1)zaiganburencaixuanbarenyongjizhishang,jinyibuqianghuajicenggongzuojinglidezhengcedaoxiang,xiangzaijicenggongzuodeyouxiugaoxiaobiyeshengqingxie。

(2)zi2012nianqi,shengjiyishangjiguanluyonggongwuyuan,chuteshuzhiweiwai,anzhaoyouguanguidingyilvcongjuyou2nianyishangjicenggongzuojingliderenyuanzhongkaolu。

(3)shidijiyishangjiguanyingnachuyidingshuliangzhiweimianxiangjuyoujicenggongzuojinglidegongwuyuanjinxinggongkailinxuan。

(4)sheng、shijisuoshushiyedanweimianxiangshehuigongkaizhaopinshi,yingnachuyidingshulianggangweigongkaizhaopinyoujicengshiyedanweigongzuojingliderenyuan。youtiaojiandediqu,kemingquejutigongkailinxuanhuozhaopindebili。

(5)guliguoyoudazhongxingqiyejianlijianquanrenliziyuanguanlijilijizhi,jiangzaijicengshengchanheguanliyixianbiaoxianyouxiudegaoxiaobiyeshengnaruhoubeirencaiduiwu,jiadacongjicengyixianxuanbarenyongzhongcengganbudelidu。

(6)duijuyoujicenggongzuojinglidegaoxiaobiyesheng,zaiyanjiushengzhaoluheshiyedanweixuanpinshishixingyouxian。

(7)gaoxiaobiyeshengzaizhongxibudiquhejiankubianyuandiquxianyixiajicengdanweicongshizhuanyejishugongzuo,shenbaoxiangyingzhichengshi,kebucanjiazhichengwaiyukaoshihuofangkuanwaiyuchengjiyaoqiu。chongfenwajueshehuizuzhixinagaoxiaobiyeshengjiuyeqianli,duidaoshenghuijishenghuiyixiachengshideshehuituanti、jijinhui、minbanfeiqiyedanweijiuyedegaoxiaobiyesheng,suozaididegonggongjiuyerencaifuwujigouyaoxiezhubanliluohushouxu,zaizhuanyejishuzhichengpingdingfangmianxiangshouyuguoyouqishiyedanweitongleirenyuantongdengdaiyu。

(8)duidaonongcunjicenghechengshishequcongshishehuiguanlihegonggongfuwugongzuodegaoxiaobiyesheng,fuhegongyixinggangweijiuyetiaojianbingzaigongyixinggangweijiuyede,anzhaoguojiaxianxingcujinjiuyezhengcedeguiding,jiyushehuibaoxianbutiehegongyixinggangweibutie。

4.shenmeshijicengshehuiguanlihegonggongfuwugangwei?

suoweijicengshehuiguanlihegonggongfuwugangwei,baokuodaxueshengcunguan、zhijiao、zhinong、zhiyi、xiangcunfupin,yijichengshishequdefalvyuanzhu、jiuyeyuanzhu、shehuibaozhangxieli、wenhuakejifuwu、yanglaofuwu、canjirenjujiafuwu、lianzufangpeitaofuwudenggangwei。

2009nian4yue,renliziyuanshehuibaozhangbuxiafa《yaboappgongbudiyipijicengshehuiguanlihegonggongfuwugangweimuludetongzhi》(renshebuhan〔2009〕135hao),xiangshehuigongbudiyipijicengshehuiguanlihegonggongfuwugangweimulu,yizhidaogedizuohaoguliheyindaogaoxiaobiyeshengdaojicengjiuyedegongzuo。zheipifabudegangweimulugongfenweijicengrenliziyuanheshehuibaozhangguanli、jicengnongyefuwu、jicengyiliaoweishengfuwu、jicengwenhuakejifuwu、jicengfalvfuwu、jicengminzheng、tuolaotuoyou、zhucanfuwu、jicengshizhengguanli、jicenggonggonghuanjingyusheshiguanliweihuyijiqitadeng9daleilingyu,baokuozaijiedao(xiangzhen)、shequ(cun)dengjicengdanweicongshigonggongjiuyefuwu、shehuibaozhang、laodongguanxixiediao、laodongjiancha、nongye、fupinkaifa、yiliao、weisheng、baojian、fangyi、wenhua、keji、tiyu、pufaxuanchuan、minshidiaojie、tuolao、yanglao、tuoyou、zhucan、gonggongsheshishebeiguanliyanghudengxiangguanshiwuguanlifuwugongzuode50zhonggangwei。

5.shenmeshiqitajicengshehuiguanlihegonggongfuwugangwei?

zaijiedaoshequ、xiangzhendengjicengkaifahuoshelidexiangyingdeshehuiguanlihegonggongfuwugangwei。bufenyouzhengfuchuzi,huoyouxiangguanzuzhihedanweichuzi。suoanpaishiyongderenyuananguidingxiangshouxiangguanbutie。

6.shenmeshigongyixinggangwei?

youzhengfukaifa、yimanzushequjijumingonggongliyiweimudedeguanlihefuwugangwei。duifuhetiaojianzaigongyixinggangweianzhijiuyedejiuyekunnanrenyuan,anguidingjiyushehuibaoxianbutiehegangweibutie。fuhegongyixinggangweianzhitiaojiandejiuyekunnangaoxiaobiyesheng,keanguidingxiangshougongyixinggangweijiuyeyuanzhuzhengce。

7.shenmeshigongyixinggangweishehuibaoxianbutie?

anzhao《caizhengbu、renliziyuanshehuibaozhangbuyaboappjinyibujiaqiangjiuyezhuanxiangzijinguanliyouguanwentidetongzhi》(caishe〔2011〕64hao)guiding,duijiuyekunnanrenyuandeshehuibaoxianbutieshixing“xianjiaohoubu”debanfa。zaigongyixinggangweianpaijiuyekunnanrenyuan,bingjiaonashehuibaoxianfeide,anqiweijiuyekunnanrenyuanshijijiaonadejibenyanglaobaoxianfei、jibenyiliaobaoxianfeiheshiyebaoxianfeijiyubutie,bubaokuojiuyekunnanrenyuangerenyingjiaonadejibenyanglaobaoxianfei、jibenyiliaobaoxianfeiheshiyebaoxianfei,yijiqiye(danwei)hegerenyingjiaonadeqitashehuibaoxianfei。shehuibaoxianbutieqixian,yibanzuizhangbuchaoguo3nian。

8.shenmeshigongyixinggangweibutie?

duizaigongyixinggangweianpaijiuyekunnanrenyuanjiuyededanwei,anqishijianpaijiuyekunnanrenyuanrenshujiyugangweibutie。gongyixinggangweibutieqixian,yibanzuizhangbuchaoguo3nian。

zaigongyixinggangweianpaijiuyekunnanrenyuanjiuyededanwei,keanjixiangdangdirenliziyuanshehuibaozhangbumenshenqinggongyixinggangweibutie。gongyixinggangweibutieshenqingcailiaoyingfu:fuhexiangshougongyixinggangweibutietiaojianderenyuanmingdanji《shenfenzheng》fuyinjian、《jiuyechuangyezheng》fuyinjian、fafanggongzimingxizhang(dan)、danweizaiyinxingkailidejibenzhanghudengpingzhengcailiao,jingrenliziyuanshehuibaozhangbumenshenhehou,caizhengbumenjiangbutiezijinzhifudaodanweizaiyinxingkailidejibenzhanghu。

9.weiguligaoxiaobiyeshengmianxiangjicengjiuye,shishixuefeibuchanghezhuxuedaikuandaichangzhengcedezhuyaoneirongshishenme?

anzhao《guowuyuanyaboappjinyibuzuohaoxinxingshixiajiuyechuangyegongzuodeyijian》(guofa〔2015〕23hao)、《yaboappdiaozhengwanshanguojiazhuxuedaikuanxiangguanzhengcecuoshidetongzhi》(caijiao〔2014〕180hao)、《caizhengbu、jiaoyubuyaboappyinfa〈gaodengxuexiaobiyeshengxuefeiheguojiazhuxuedaikuandaichangzanxingbanfa〉detongzhi》(caijiao〔2009〕15hao)dengwenjianguiding,gaoxiaobiyesheng(quanrizhibenzhuanke、gaozhisheng、yanjiusheng、dierxueshixueweibiyesheng)daozhongxibudiqu、jiankubianyuandiquhelaogongyejidixianyixiajicengdanweijiuye、lvxingyidingfuwuqixiande,anguidingjiyuxuefeibuchangheguojiazhuxuedaikuandaichang。zaixiaoxuexiqijianhuodeguojiazhuxuedaikuan(hangaoxiaoguojiazhuxuedaikuanheshengyuandixinyongzhuxuedaikuan,xiatong)de,buchangdexuefeiyouxianyongyuchanghaiguojiazhuxuedaikuanbenjinjiqiquanbuchanghaizhiqianchanshengdelixi。dingxiang、weipeiyijizaixiaoqijianyixiangshoumianchuquanbuxuefeizhengcedexueshengchuwai。

muqian,guojiazhuxuedaikuanzizhubiaozhunyijingdiaozhengwei,quanrizhiputongbenzhuankexuesheng(handierxueshixuewei、gaozhixuesheng,xiatong)meirenmeinianshenqingdaikuanedubuchaoguo8000yuan;nianduxuefeihezhusufeibiaozhunzonghediyu8000yuande,daikuanedukeanzhaoxuefeihezhusufeibiaozhunzonghequeding。quanrizhiyanjiushengmeirenmeinianshenqingdaikuanedubuchaoguo12000yuan;nianduxuefeihezhusufeibiaozhunzonghediyu12000yuande,daikuanedukeanzhaoxuefeihezhusufeibiaozhunzonghequeding。

guojiazhuxuedaikuanzizhubiaozhundiaozhenghou,《caizhengbujiaoyubu zongcanmoubuyaboappyinfa〈gaodengxuexiaoxueshengyingzhengruwufuyiwubingyiguojiazizhubanfa〉detongzhi》(caijiao〔2013〕236hao)、《caizhengbujiaoyubu minzhengbu zongcanmoubuzongzhengzhibuyaboappshishituiyishibingjiaoyuzizhuzhengcedeyijian》(caijiao〔2011〕538hao)he《caizhengbujiaoyubuyaboappyinfa〈gaodengxuexiaobiyeshengxuefeiheguojiazhuxuedaikuandaichangzanxingbanfa〉detongzhi》(caijiao〔2009〕15hao)zhongyouguanxuefeibuchang、guojiazhuxuedaikuandaichanghexuefeizizhudebiaozhun,xiangyingdiaozhengweibenzhuankexueshengmeirenmeinianzuigaobuchaoguo8000yuan、yanjiushengmeirenmeinianzuigaobuchaoguo12000yuan。xuefeibuchang、guojiazhuxuedaikuandaichanghexuefeizizhudeqitashixiang,renganyuanguidingzhixing。

10.guojiashishibuchangxuefeihedaichangzhuxuedaikuandejiuyediyufanweibaokuonaxie?

guojiaduidaozhongxibudiquhejiankubianyuandiqujicengdanweijiuye、binglvxingyidingfuwuqixiandezhongyangbumensuoshugaoxiaobiyesheng,anguidingshishixiangyingdexuefeibuchanghezhuxuedaikuandaichang。zheilishejidediyufanweizhuyaobaokuo:

(1)xibudiqu:xizang、neimenggu、guangxi、zhongqing、sichuan、guizhou、yunnan、shanxi、gansu、qinghai、ningxia、xinjiangdeng12gesheng(zizhiqu、zhixiashi);

(2)zhongbudiqu:hebei、shanxi、jilin、heilongjiang、anhui、jiangxi、henan、hubei、hunan、hainandeng10gesheng;

(3)jiankubianyuandiqu:youguowuyuanquedingdejingjishuiping、tiaojianjiaochadeyixiezhou、xianheshaoshuminzudiqu。(xiangqingkedengluzhongguozhengfuwangchaxun:)

(4)jicengdanwei:

① zhongxibudiquhejiankubianyuandiquxianyixiajiguan、qishiyedanwei,baokuoxiang(zhen)zhengfujiguan、nongcunzhongxiaoxue、guoyounong(mu、lin)chang、nongyejishutuiguangzhan、chumushouyizhan、xiangzhenweishengyuan、jihuashengyufuwuzhan、xiangzhenwenhuazhan、xiangzhenlaodongjiuyefuwuzhandeng;

② gongzuoxianchangdichuyishangdiquxianyixiadeqixiang、dizhen、dizhi、shuidianshigong、meitan、shiyou、hanghai、hegongyedengzhongyangdanweijiankuxingyeshengchandiyixian。

11.xuefeibuchanghezhuxuedaikuandaichangdebiaozhunhenianxianshiduoshao?

xuefeibuchang、guojiazhuxuedaikuandaichangjixuefeijianmianbiaozhun,benzhuankeshengmeirenmeinianzuigaobuchaoguo8000yuan,yanjiushengmeirenmeinianzuigaobuchaoguo12000yuan。

benke、zhuanke(gaozhi)、yanjiushenghedierxueshixueweibiyeshengbuchangxuefeihuodaichangguojiazhuxuedaikuandenianxian,fenbieanzhaoguojiaguidingdexiangyingxuezhijisuan。zaixiaoxuexideshijiandiyuxiangyingxuezhiguidingnianxiande,anzhaoshijixuexishijianjisuanbuchangxuefeihuodaichangzhuxuedaikuannianxian。zaixiaoxuexishijiangaoyuxiangyingxuezhinianxiande,anzhaoxuezhiguidingnianxianjisuan。

meiniandaichangxuefeihuoguojiazhuxuedaikuanzongedesanfenzhiyi,sanniandaichangwanbi。

12.zhongyangbumensuoshugaoxiaobiyeshengruheshenqingxuefeibuchanghezhuxuedaikuandaichang?

(1)zaibanlilixiaoshouxushixiangxuexiaodijiao《xuefeiheguojiazhuxuedaikuandaichangshenqingbiao》hebiyeshengbenren、jiuyedanweiyuxuexiaosanfangqianshudedaozhongxibudiqu、jiankubianyuandiquhelaogongyejidixianyixiajicengdanweifuwu3nianyishangdejiuyexieyi;

(2)zaixiaoxuexiqijianhuodeguojiazhuxuedaikuande,zaiyuguojiazhuxuedaikuanjingbanyinxingqiandingbiyehouhaikuanjihuashi,zhumingyishenqingguojiazhuxuedaikuandaichang,ruhuodeguojiazhuxuedaikuandaichangzige,buxuzixingxiangyinxinghaikuan;

(3)gaoxiaofuzeshenchashenqingzigebingshangbaoquanguoxueshengzizhuguanlizhongxin。

13.difangsuoshugaoxiaobiyeshengdaojicengjiuyeruhehuodexuefeibuchanghezhuxuedaikuandaichang?

anzhao《caizhengbu、jiaoyubuyaboappyinfa〈gaodengxuexiaobiyeshengxuefeiheguojiazhuxuedaikuandaichangzanxingbanfa〉detongzhi》(caijiao〔2009〕15hao)yaoqiu,gediyaozhuajinyanjiuzhidingbendisuoshugaoxiaobiyeshengmianxiangbenxiaqujiankubianyuandiqujicengdanweijiuyedexuefeibuchanghezhuxuedaikuandaichangbanfa。difangsuoshugaoxiaobiyeshengdaojicengjiuyeshifoukeyihuodexuefeibuchanghuoguojiazhuxuedaikuandaichang,yijiruheshenqingbanlibuchanghuodaichangdeng,qingxiangxuexiaosuozaidizhengfuyouguanbumenchaxun。

14.daojicengjiuyeruhebanlihukou、dangan、dangtuanguanxidengshouxu?

duidaozhongxibudiqu、jiankubianyuandiquhelaogongyejidixianyixiajicengdanweijiuyedegaoxiaobiyesheng,shixinglaiquziyoudezhengce,hukoukeliuzaiyuanjihuogenjubenrenyiyuanqianwangjiuyediqu;renshidanganyuanzeshangtongyizhuanzhijiuyedanweisuozaididexianjizhengfurenliziyuanshehuibaozhangbumen,yougonggongjiuyeherencaifuwujigoutigongmianfeirenshidailifuwu;dangtuanzuzhiguanxizhuanzhijiuyedanwei,zaigongzuoqijianjijiyaoqiurudangde,youxiangzhenyijidangzuzhianguidingchengxubanli。

15.zhongyangyouguanbumenshishilenaxiejicengjiuyexiangmu?

jinnianlai,zhongyanggeyouguanbumenzhuyaozuzhishishile5geyindaogaoxiaobiyeshengdaojicengjiuyedezhuanmenxiangmu,baokuo:tuanzhongyang、jiaoyubu、caizhengbu、renliziyuanshehuibaozhangbudengsibumencong2003nianqizuzhishishide“daxueshengzhiyuanfuwuxibujihua”;zhongzubu、renliziyuanshehuibaozhangbu、jiaoyubudengbabumencong2006niankaishizuzhishishide“sanzhiyifu”(zhijiao、zhinong、zhiyihefupin)jihua;jiaoyubu、caizhengbu、renliziyuanshehuibaozhangbu、zhongyangbianbandengsibumencong2006niankaishizuzhishishide“nongcunyiwujiaoyujieduanxuexiaojiaoshiteshegangweijihua”;zhongzubu、jiaoyubu、caizhengbu、renliziyuanshehuibaozhangbudengbumencong2008nianqizuzhishishide“xuanpingaoxiaobiyeshengdaocunrenzhigongzuo”;nongyebu、renshebu、jiaoyubudengbumencong2103nianqizuzhishishide“nongyejishutuiguangfuwuteshegangweijihua”。

16.shenmeshinongcunyiwujiaoyujieduanxuexiaojiaoshiteshegangweijihua

2006nian,jiaoyubu、caizhengbu、yuanrenshibu、zhongyangbianbanxiafa《yaboappshishinongcunyiwujiaoyujieduanxuexiaojiaoshiteshegangweijihuadetongzhi》(jiaoshi〔2006〕2hao),lianheqidongshishi“tegangjihua”,gongkaizhaopingaoxiaobiyeshengdao“liangji”gongjianxiannongcunyiwujiaoyujieduanxuexiaorenjiao。tegangjiaoshipinqi3nian。

17.nongcunjiaoshitegangjihuashishidediqufanweibaokuonaxie?

2006-2008nian“tegangjihua”deshishifanweiyiguojiaxibudiqu“liangji”gongjianxianweizhu(hanxinjiangshengchanjianshebingtuandebufentuanchang),baokuonaruguojiaxibukaifajihuadebufenzhongbushengfendeshaoshuminzuzizhizhou,shidangjianguxibudiquyixieyouteshukunnandebianjingxian、shaoshuminzuzizhixianheshaoxiaominzuxian。2009nian,shishifanweikuodadaozhongxibudiquguojiafupinkaifagongzuozhongdianxian。2015-2016nianzhongyangtegangjihuashishifanweijutiwei:《zhongguonongcunfupinkaifagangyao(2011-2020nian)》quedingde11gejizhonglianpianteshukunnandiquhesishengzangquxian,zhongxibudiquguojiafupinkaifagongzuozhongdianxian,shengjifupinkaifagongzuozhongdianxian,xibudiquyuan“liangji”gongjianxian(hanxinjiangshengchanjianshebingtuandebufentuanchang),naruguojiaxibukaifajihuadebufenzhongbushengfendeshaoshuminzuzizhizhouyijixibudiquyixieyouteshukunnandebianjingxian,shaoshuminzuzizhixianheshaoxiaominzuxian。tegangjihuashegangxian(shi),bixushijiaoshizongtiquebian、jiegouxingmaoduntuchudexian(shi)。

18.nongcunjiaoshitegangjihuazhaopinduixianghetiaojianshishenme?

(1)yigaodengshifanyuanxiaoheqitaquanrizhiputonggaoxiaoyingjiebenkebiyeshengweizhu,kezhaoshaoliangyingjieshifanleizhuanyezhuankebiyesheng。

(2)qudejiaoshizige,juyouyidingjiaoyujiaoxueshijianjingyan,nianlingzai30suiyixiadequanrizhiputonggaoxiaowangjiebenkebiyesheng。

(3)canjiaguo“daxueshengzhiyuanfuwuxibujihua”、youcongjiaojinglidezhiyuanzhehecanjiaguobannianyishangshixizhijiaodeshifanyuanxiaobiyeshengtongdengtiaojianxiayouxian。

(4)baomingzheyingtongshifuhejiaoshizigetiaojianyaoqiuhezhaopingangweiyaoqiu。

19.nongcunjiaoshitegangjihuadezhaopinchengxuyounaxie?

tegangjiaoshishixinggongkaizhaopin,hetongguanli。hetongguidingyongrendanweiheyingpinrenyuanshuangfangdequanliheyiwu。

zhaopingongzuoyoushengjijiaoyu、renliziyuanshehuibaozhang、caizheng、bianbandengxiangguanbumengongtongfuze,zunxun“gongkai、gongping、ziyuan、zeyou”he“sanding”(dingxian、dingxiao、dinggang)yuanze,anxialiechengxujinxing:①gongbuxuqiu,②ziyuanbaoming,③zigeshencha,④kaoshikaohe,⑤jizhongpeixun,⑥zigerending,⑦qiandinghetong,⑧shanggangrenjiao。

20.shenmeshixuanpingaoxiaobiyeshengdaocunrenzhi?

2008nian,zhongzubu、jiaoyubu、caizhengbu、renliziyuanheshehuibaozhangbuchutaile《yaboappyinfa〈yaboappxuanpingaoxiaobiyeshengdaocunrenzhigongzuodeyijian(shixing)〉detongzhi》(zutongzi〔2008〕18hao),jihuayongwunianshijianxuanpin10wanminggaoxiaobiyeshengdaonongcundanrencundangzhibushujizhuli、cunweihuizhurenzhulihuotuanzhibushuji、fushujidengzhiwu。cong2010niankaishi,kuodaxuanpinguimo,zhubushixian“yicunyimingdaxueshengcunguan”jihuademubiao。xuanpindegaoxiaobiyeshengzaicungongzuoqixianyibanwei2-3nian。

21.xuanpindaocunrenzhideduixiangshishenme?yaomanzunaxietiaojian?xuanpinchengxushishenme?

xuanpinduixiangwei30suiyixiayingjiehewangjiebiyedequanrizhiputonggaoxiaozhuankeyishangxuelidebiyesheng,zhongdianshiyingjiebiyehebiye1zhi2niandebenkesheng、yanjiusheng,yuanzeshangweizhonggongdangyuan(hanyubeidangyuan),feizhonggongdangyuandeyouxiutuanganbu、youxiuxueshengganbuyekeyixuanpin。

jibentiaojianshi:①sixiangzhengzhisuzhihao,zuofengtashi,chikunailao,zuzhijilvguannianqiang。②xuexichengjilianghao,jubeiyidingdezuzhixiediaonengli。③ziyuandaonongcunjicenggongzuo。④shentijiankang。ciwai,canjiarenliziyuanshehuibaozhangbu、tuanzhongyangdengbumenzuzhidedaonongcunjicengfuwude“sanzhiyifu”、“zhiyuanfuwuxibujihua”denghuodongqimandegaoxiaobiyesheng,benrenziyuanqiejubeixuanpintiaojiande,jingzuzhituijiankezuoweixuanpinduixiang。

xuanpingongzuoyibantongguogerenbaoming、zigeshencha、zuzhikaocha、tijian、gongshi、juedingpinyong、peixunshanggangdengchengxujinxing。

22.shenmeshi“sanzhiyifu”jihua?

sanzhiyifushizhijiao、zhiyi、zhinong、fupindejiancheng。2006nian,zhongzubu、yuanrenshibudengbabumenxiafa《yaboappzuzhikaizhangaoxiaobiyeshengdaonongcunjicengcongshizhijiao、zhinong、zhiyihefupingongzuodetongzhi》(guorenbufa〔2006〕16hao),yigongkaizhaomu、ziyuanbaoming、zuzhixuanba、tongyipaiqiandefangshi,cong2006niankaishilianxu5nian,meinianzhaomu2wanminggaoxiaobiyesheng,zhuyaoanpaidaoxiangzhencongshizhijiao、zhinong、zhiyihefupingongzuo。fuwuqixianyibanwei2-3nian。zhaomuduixiangzhuyaoweiquanguoputonggaoxiaoyingjiebiyesheng。

2011nian4yue,renliziyuanshehuibaozhangbuxiafa《yaboappjixuzuohaogaoxiaobiyeshengsanzhiyifujihuashishigongzuodetongzhi》(renshebufa〔2011〕27hao),juedingjixuzuzhikaizhangaoxiaobiyesheng“sanzhiyifu”jihua,cong2011nianqi,meinianxuanba2wanming,wunianneixuanba10wanminggaoxiaobiyeshengdaojicengcongshi“sanzhiyifu”fuwu。

23.shenmeshidaxueshengzhiyuanfuwuxibujihua?

daxueshengzhiyuanfuwuxibujihuayougongqingtuanzhongyangqiantou,jiaoyubu、caizhengbu、renliziyuanshehuibaozhangbugongtongzuzhishishi。cong2003niankaishi,meinianzhaomu1.8wanmingputonggaodengxuexiaoyingjiebiyesheng,daoxibupinkunxiandexiangzhencongshiweiqi1-3niandejiaoyu、weisheng、nongji、fupinyijiqingnianzhongxinjiansheheguanlidengfangmiandezhiyuanfuwugongzuo。

24.shenmeshinongyejishutuiguangfuwuteshegangweijihua?

nongyejishutuiguangfuwuteshegangweijihuayounongyebuqiantou,renliziyuanshehuibaozhangbu、jiaoyubuhekejibugongtongzuzhishishi。cong2013niankaishi,meinianzhaomuyipiputonggaodengxuexiaoyingjiebiyesheng,daoxiangzhenhuoquyuxingnongyejishutuiguangjigoucongshiweiqi2-3niandenongyejishutuiguang、dongzhiwuyibingfangkong、nongchanpinzhilianganquanfuwudenggongzuo。

25.canjiazhongyangbumenzuzhishishidejicengjiuyexiangmu,fuwuqimanhouxiangshounaxieyouhuizhengce?

genjuzhongzubu、renliziyuanshehuibaozhangbu、jiaoyubu、caizhengbu、gongqingtuanzhongyang《yaboapptongchoushishiyindaogaoxiaobiyeshengdaonongcunjicengfuwuxiangmugongzuodetongzhi》(renshebufa〔2009〕42hao)dengzhengceguiding,canjiazhongyangbumenzuzhishishidejicengjiuyexiangmu、fuwuqimandebiyesheng,xiangshouyixiayouhuizhengce:

(1)gongwuyuanzhaoluyouhui:meiniannachugongwuyuankaolujihuadeyidingbili,zhuanmenyongyudingxiangzhaolufuwuqimanqiekaohechengzhi(hege)defuwujicengxiangmurenyuan。fuwujicengxiangmurenyuanyekebaokaoqitazhiwei。

(2)shiyedanweizhaopinyouhui:gulizaixiangmujieshuhouliuzaidangdijiuye,canjiagejicengjiuyexiangmuxiangduiyingdeziranjianyuankonggang,quanbupinyongfuwuqimandegaoxiaobiyesheng。cong2009nianqi,daoxiangzhenshiyedanweifuwudegaoxiaobiyeshengfuwuman1nianhou,zaixiangangweikongqueqingkuangxia,jingkaohehege,jikeyusuozaidanweiqiandingbushaoyu3niandepinyonghetong。tongshi,gesheng(qu、shi)xianjixianyishangxiangguandeshiyedanweigongkaizhaopingongzuorenyuan,yingnachubudiyu40%debili,pinyonggezhuanmenxiangmufuwuqimankaohehegedegaoxiaobiyesheng。

(3)kaoxueshengxueyouhui:fuwuqimanhousannianneibaokaoshuoshiyanjiushengchushizongfenjia10fen;tongdengtiaojianxiayouxianluqu;gaozhi(gaozhuan)xueshengkemianshiruduchengrenbenke。

(4)guojiabuchangxuefeihedaichangzhuxuedaikuanzhengce:canjiagejicengjiuyexiangmudebiyesheng,fuheguidingtiaojiande,kexiangshouxiangyingdexuefeibuchanghezhuxuedaikuandaichangzhengce。

(5)fuwuqimanzizhuchuangyede,kexiangshoushuishouyouhui、xingzhengshiyexingshoufeijianmian、xiaoedaikuandanbaohetiexidengyouguanzhengce。

(6)qita:gejicengjiuyexiangmufuwunianxianjisuangongling。fuwuqimandaoqiyejiuyede,anzhaoguidingzhuanjieshehuibaoxianguanxi。

26.gaoxiaobiyeshengdaojiankubianyuandiquhuoguojiafupinkaifagongzuozhongdianxianjiuyeyoushenmeyouhuizhengce?

anzhao《zhonggongzhongyangbangongting guowuyuanbangongtingyinfa<yaboappjinyibuyindaoheguligaoxiaobiyeshengdaojicenggongzuodeyijian>detongzhi》(zhongbanfa〔2016〕79hao)wenjianguiding:

(1)duidaozhongxibudiqu、dongbeidiquhuojiankubianyuandiqu、guojiafupinkaifagongzuozhongdianxianxianyixiajiguanshiyedanweigongzuodegaoxiaobiyesheng,xinluyongweigongwuyuande,shiyongqigongzikezhijieanshiyongqimanhougongziqueding,shiyongqimankaohehegehoudejibiegongzi,zaiweilierujiankubianyuandiquhuoguojiafupinkaifagongzuozhongdianxiandezhongxibudiquhedongbeidiqudegaodingyidang,zaisanleijiyixiajiankubianyuandiquhuoguojiafupinkaifagongzuozhongdianxiandegaodingliangdang,zaisileijiyishangjiankubianyuandiqudegaodingsandang。

(2)zhaopinweishiyedanweizhengshigongzuorenyuande,ketiqianzhuanzhengdingji,zhuanzhengdingjishidexinjigongzi,zaiweilierujiankubianyuandiquhuoguojiafupinkaifagongzuozhongdianxiandezhongxibudiquhedongbeidiqudegaodingyiji,zaisanleijiyixiajiankubianyuandiquhuoguojiafupinkaifagongzuozhongdianxiandegaodingliangji,zaisileijiyishangjiankubianyuandiqudegaodingsanji。

(3)luoshiduixiangzhenjiguanshiyedanweigongzuorenyuanshixingdegongzuobutiezhengce,dangqianbutieshuipingbudiyuyuerenjun200yuan,bingxiangtiaojianjiankudepianyuanxiangzhenhezhangqizaixiangzhengongzuoderenyuanqingxie。luoshijiankubianyuandiqujintiezengzhangjizhi。

guliqiyetebieshizhongxiaoqiyexinagaoxiaobiyeshengjiuye

27.guojiaduigulizhongxiaoqiyexinagaoxiaobiyeshengyounaxiezhengcecuoshi?

anzhao《guowuyuanyaboappjinyibuzuohaoxinxingshixiajiuyechuangyegongzuodeyijian》(guofa〔2015〕23hao)、《guowuyuanbangongtingyaboappzuohao2014nianquanguoputonggaodengxuexiaobiyeshengjiuyechuangyegongzuodetongzhi》(guofa〔2014〕22hao)、《guowuyuanbangongtingyaboappzuohao2013nianquanguoputonggaodengxuexiaobiyeshengjiuyegongzuodetongzhi》(guobanfa〔2013〕35hao)、《guowuyuanyaboappjinyibuzhichixiaoxingweixingqiyejiankangfazhandeyijian》(guofa〔2012〕14hao)he《guowuyuanyaboappjinyibuzuohaoputonggaodengxuexiaobiyeshengjiuyegongzuodetongzhi》(guofa〔2011〕16hao)dengwenjianguiding:

(1)duizhaoshougaoxiaobiyeshengdadaoyidingshuliangdezhongxiaoqiye,difangcaizhengyingyouxiankaolvanpaifuchizhongxiaoqiyefazhanzijin,bingyouxiantigongjishugaizaodaikuantiexi。

(2)duilaodongmijixingxiaoqiyedangnianxinzhaoshoudengjishiyegaoxiaobiyesheng,dadaoqiyexianyouzaizhizhigongzongshu30%(chaoguo100rendeqiyeda15%)yishang,bingyuqiqianding1nianyishanglaodonghetongdelaodongmijixingxiaoqiye,keanguidingshenqingzuigaobuchaoguo200wanyuandexiaoedanbaodaikuanbingxiangshou50%decaizhengtiexi。

(3)gaoxiaobiyeshengdaozhongxiaoqiyejiuyede,zaizhuanyejishuzhichengpingding、keyanxiangmujingfeishenqing、keyanchengguohuorongyuchenghaoshenbaodengfangmian,xiangshouyuguoyouqishiyedanweitongleirenyuantongdengdaiyu。

(4)duixiaoweiqiyexinzhaoyongbiyeniandugaoxiaobiyesheng,qianding1nianyishanglaodonghetongbingjiaonashehuibaoxianfeide,jiyu1nianshehuibaoxianbutie。

28.guojiaduiyindaoguoyouqiyexinagaoxiaobiyeshengjiuyeyounaxiezhengcecuoshi?

anzhao《guowuyuanyaboappjinyibuzuohaoxinxingshixiajiuyechuangyegongzuodeyijian》(guofa〔2015〕23hao)、《guowuyuanbangongtingyaboappzuohao2014nianquanguoputonggaodengxuexiaobiyeshengjiuyechuangyegongzuodetongzhi》(guofa〔2014〕22hao)、《guowuyuanbangongtingyaboappzuohao2013nianquanguoputonggaodengxuexiaobiyeshengjiuyegongzuodetongzhi》(guobanfa〔2013〕35hao)he《yaboappzuohao2013-2014nianguoyouqiyezhaoshougaoxiaobiyeshenggongzuoyouguanshixiangdetongzhi》(guozitingfafenpei〔2013〕37hao)dengwenjianguiding:

(1)chengdanduikouzhiyuanxizang、qinghai、xinjiangrenwudezhongyangqiyeyaojieheyuanzhuxiangmujianshe,jijixinadangdigaoxiaobiyeshengjiuye。

(2)jianliguoyouqishiyedanweigongkaizhaopinzhidu,tuidongshixianzhaopinxinxigongkai、guochenggongkaihejieguogongkai。

(3)guoyouqiyezhaopinyingjiegaoxiaobiyesheng,chushemidengteshugangweiwai,yaoshixinggongkaizhaopin,zhaopinyingjiegaoxiaobiyeshengxinxiyaozaizhengfuwangzhangongkaifabu,baomingshijianbushaoyu7tian;duinipinrenyuanyingjinxinggongshi,mingquejianduqudao,gongshiqibushaoyu7tian。

29.qiyezhaoshoujiuyekunnangaoxiaobiyeshengxiangshoushenmeyouhuizhengce?

anzhao《caizhengbu、renliziyuanshehuibaozhangbuyaboappjinyibujiaqiangjiuyezhuanxiangzijinguanliyouguanwentidetongzhi》(caishe〔2011〕64hao)guiding,duigeleiqiye(danwei)zhaoyongfuhetiaojiandejiuyekunnangaoxiaobiyesheng,yuzhiqiandinglaodonghetongbingjiaonashehuibaoxianfeide,anqiweijiuyekunnangaoxiaobiyeshengshijijiaonadejibenyanglaobaoxianfei、jibenyiliaobaoxianfeiheshiyebaoxianfeijiyubutie,bubaokuoqiye(danwei)hegerenyingjiaonadeqitashehuibaoxianfei。

genju《jiuyecujinfa》youguanguiding,jiuyekunnanrenyuanshizhiyinshentizhuangkuang、jinengshuiping、jiatingyinsu、shiqutudidengyuanyinnanyishixianjiuye,yijilianxushiyeyidingshijianrengweinengshixianjiuyederenyuan。jiuyekunnanrenyuandejutifanwei,yousheng、zizhiqu、zhixiashirenminzhengfugenjubenxingzhengquyudeshijiqingkuangguiding。

qiye(danwei)anjijiangfuhexiangshoushehuibaoxianbutietiaojianrenyuandejiaofeiqingkuangdanduliechu,xiangdangdirenliziyuanshehuibaozhangbumenshenqingbutie。shehuibaoxianbutieshenqingcailiaoyingfu:fuhexiangshoushehuibaoxianbutietiaojianderenyuanmingdanji《shenfenzheng》fuyinjian、《jiuyechuangyezheng》fuyinjian、laodonghetongdengjiuyezhengmingcailiaofuyinjian、shehuibaoxianzhengjiaojigouchujudeshehuibaoxianfeimingxizhang(dan)、qiye(danwei)zaiyinxingkailidejibenzhanghudengpingzhengcailiao,jingrenliziyuanshehuibaozhangbumenshenhehou,caizhengbumenjiangbutiezijinzhifudaoqiye(danwei)zaiyinxingkailidejibenzhanghu。

30.qiyeweigaoxiaobiyeshengkaizhangangqianpeixunxiangshoushenmeyouhuizhengce?

anzhao《guowuyuanyaboappjinyibuzuohaoxinxingshixiajiuyechuangyegongzuodeyijian》(guofa〔2015〕23hao)、《guowuyuanbangongtingyaboappzuohao2014nianquanguoputonggaodengxuexiaobiyeshengjiuyechuangyegongzuodetongzhi》(guofa〔2014〕22hao)、《caizhengbu、renliziyuanshehuibaozhangbuyaboappjinyibujiaqiangjiuyezhuanxiangzijinguanliyouguanwentidetongzhi》(caishe〔2011〕64hao)dengwenjianguiding,qiyexinluyongbiyeniandugaoxiaobiyeshengyuqiqianding6geyueyishangqixianlaodonghetong,zailaodonghetongqiandingzhiriqi6geyueneiyouqiyeyituosuoshupeixunjigouhuozhengfurendingdepeixunjigoukaizhangangqianjiuyejinengpeixunde,genjupeixunhoujixulvxinglaodonghetongqingkuang,anzhaodangdiquedingdezhiyepeixunbutiebiaozhundeyidingbili,duiqiyejiyudingezhiyepeixunbutie。

qiyekaizhangangqianpeixunqian,xujiangpeixunjihuadagang、peixunrenyuanhuamingceji《shenfenzheng》fuyinjian、laodonghetongfuyinjiandengcailiaobaodangdirenliziyuanshehuibaozhangbumenbeian,peixunhougenjulaodongzhejixulvxinglaodonghetongqingkuang,xiangrenliziyuanshehuibaozhangbumenshenqingzhiyepeixunbutie。shenqingcailiaojingrenliziyuanshehuibaozhangbumenshenhehou,caizhengbumenanguidingjiangbutiezijinzhijieboruqiyezaiyinxingkailidejibenzhanghu。qiyeshenqingzhiyepeixunbutieyingfu:peixunrenyuanhuamingce、peixunrenyuan《shenfenzheng》fuyinjian、《jiuyechuangyezheng》fuyinjian、laodonghetongfuyinjian、zhiyepeixunhegezhengshudengpingzhengcailiao。

duixiaoxingweixingqiyexinzhaoyonggaoxiaobiyeshenganguidingkaizhangangqianpeixunde,gediyaogenjudangdiwujiashuiping,shidangtigaopeixunfeibutiebiaozhun。

31.gaoxiaobiyeshengcongqiyedaojiguanshiyedanweijiuyehougonglingruhejisuan?

anzhao《guowuyuanyaboappjinyibuzuohaoputonggaodengxuexiaobiyeshengjiuyegongzuodetongzhi》(guofa〔2011〕16hao)dengwenjianguiding,gaoxiaobiyeshengcongqiye、shehuituantidaojiguanshiyedanweijiuyede,qianguidingcanjiaqiyezhigongjibenyanglaobaoxiandejiaofeinianxianhebingweilianxugongling。

32.gaoxiaobiyeshengdaoqiyetebieshizhongxiaoqiyejiuyekefouzaidangdiluohu?

anzhao《guowuyuanbangongtingyaboappzuohao2014nianquanguoputonggaodengxuexiaobiyeshengjiuyechuangyegongzuodetongzhi》(guofa〔2014〕22hao)、《guowuyuanbangongtingyaboappzuohao2013nianquanguoputonggaodengxuexiaobiyeshengjiuyegongzuodetongzhi》(guobanfa〔2013〕35hao)wenjianguiding,yaojianhuagaoxiaobiyeshengjiuyechengxu,xiaochuqizaibutongdiqu、butongleixingdanweizhijianliudongjiuyedezhiduxingzhangai。qieshiluoshiyunxubaokuozhuankeshengzaineidegaoxiaobiyeshengzaijiu(chuang)yedibanliluohushouxudezhengce(zhixiashianyouguanguidingzhixing)。

shenghuijiyixiachengshiyaofangkaiduixishougaoxiaobiyeshengluohudexianzhi,jianhuayouguanshouxu,yingjiebiyeshengping《putonggaodengxuexiaobiyezhengshu》、《quanguoputonggaodengxuexiaobiyeshengjiuyebaodaozheng》、yuyongrendanweiqiandingde《jiuyexieyishu》huolaodong(pinyong)hetongbanliluohushouxu;feiyingjiebiyeshengpingyuyongrendanweiqiandingdelaodong(pinyong)hetonghe《putonggaodengxuexiaobiyezhengshu》banliluohushouxu。gaoxiaobiyeshengdaoxiaoxingweixingqiyejiuye、zizhuchuangyede,qidangankeyoudangdishi、xianyijidegonggongjiuyerencaifuwujigoumianfeibaoguan。banligaoxiaobiyeshengdanganzhuandishouxu,zhuanzhengdingjibiao、diaozhenggaipaishouxubuzaizuoweijieshoushenhedangandebibeicailiao。

33. liudongrenyuanrenshidanganruhebaoguan?

anzhao《yaboappjinyibujiaqiangliudongrenyuanrenshidanganguanlifuwugongzuodetongzhi》(renshebufa〔2014〕90hao)、《liudongrenyuanrenshidanganguanlizanxingguiding》guiding,liudongrenyuandanganjutibaokuo:feigongyouzhiqiyeheshehuizuzhipinyongrenyuandedangan;cizhicitui、quxiaolu(pin)yonghuobeikaichudejiguanshiyedanweigongzuorenyuandangan;yuqishiyedanweijiechuhuozhongzhilaodong(pinyong)guanxirenyuandedangan;weijiuyedegaoxiaobiyeshengjizhongzhuanbiyeshengdedangan;zifeichuguoliuxuejiqitayinsichuguo(jing)renyuandedangan;waiguoqiyechangzhudaibiaojigoudezhongfangguyuandedangan;ziyouzhiyehuolinghuojiuyerenyuandedangan;qitashixingshehuiguanlirenyuandedangan。

liudongrenyuanrenshidanganguanlishixingjizhongtongyi、guikouguanlideguanlitizhi,zhuguanbumenweizhengfurenliziyuanshehuibaozhangbumen,jieshoutongjidangweizuzhibumendejianduhezhidao。liudongrenyuanrenshidanganjutiyouxianjiyishang(hanxianji)gonggongjiuyeherencaifuwujigouyijijingrenliziyuanshehuibaozhangbumenshouquandedanweiguanli,qitadanweiweijingshouquanbudeguanliliudongrenyuanrenshidangan。yanjingerenbaoguanbenrenhuotarendedangan。kuadiquliudongrenyuanderenshidangan,keyouqihujisuozaidihuoxiangongzuodanweisuozaididegonggongjiuyeherencaifuwujigouguanli。

gaoxiaobiyeshengdaojuyoudanganguanliquanxiandejiguan、shiyedanwei、guoyouqiyejiuyede,youdanweizhijiejieshou、guanlidangan。daowudanganguanliquanxiandedanwei(siyingqiye、waiziqiyedeng)jiuyede,keyougedigonggongjiuyeherencaifuwujigoufuzetigongdanganguanlidengrenshidailifuwu。gaoxiaobiyeshenglixiaoshimeiyoujiuyede,dangankeyouxuexiaotongyifahuiyuanhujisuozaidigonggongjiuyeherencaifuwujigoubaoguan。danganbuyunxugerenbaocun。

2015nian1yue1riqi,quxiaoshouqurenshiguanxijidanganbaoguanfei、chayuefei、zhengmingfei、danganzhuandifeidengmingmudefeiyong。gejigonggongjiuyeherencaifuwujigouyingtigongmianfeideliudongrenyuanrenshidanganjibengonggongfuwu。

34.shenmeshirenshidaili?gaoxiaobiyeshengzenyangbanlirenshidaili?

gonggongjiuyeherencaifuwujigoukezaiguidingyewufanweineijieshouyongrendanweihegerenweituo,congshixialierenshidailifuwu:(1)liudongrenyuanrenshidanganguanli;(2)yinsichuguozhengshen;(3)zaiguidingdefanweineishenbaohuozuzhipingshenzhuanyejishuzhiwurenzhizige;(4)zhuanzhengdingjihegonglingheding;(5)dazhongzhuanbiyeshengjieshoushouxu;(6)qitarenshidailishixiang。

anzhao《rencaishichangguanliguiding》youguanguiding,renshidailifangshikeyoudanweijitiweituodaili,yekeyougerenweituodaili;keduoxiangweituodaili,yekedanxiangweituodaili;kedanweiquanyuanweituodaili,yekebufenrenyuanweituodaili。

danweibanliweituorenshidaili,xuxiangdailijigoutijiaoyouxiaozhengjianyijiweituoshu,quedingweituodailixiangmu。jingdailijigoushendinghou,youdailijigouyuweituodanweiqiandingrenshidailihetongshu,mingqueshuangfangdequanliheyiwu,quelirenshidailiguanxi。

35.gaoxiaobiyeshengruheyuyongrendanweidinglilaodonghetong?

laodonghetongfadiqitiaoguiding,yongrendanweiziyonggongzhiriqijiyulaodongzhejianlilaodongguanxi。dishitiaoguiding,jianlilaodongguanxi,yingdangdinglishumianlaodonghetong。yijianlilaodongguanxi,weitongshidinglishumianlaodonghetongde,yingdangziyonggongzhiriqiyigeyueneidinglishumianlaodonghetong。yongrendanweiyulaodongzhezaiyonggongqiandinglilaodonghetongde,laodongguanxiziyonggongzhiriqijianli。

dibatiaoguiding,yongrendanwei(qiye、getijingjizuzhi、minbanfeiqiyedanweidengzuzhi)zhaoyonglaodongzheshi,yingdangrushigaozhilaodongzhegongzuoneirong、gongzuotiaojian、gongzuodidian、zhiyeweihai、anquanshengchanzhuangkuang、laodongbaochou,yijilaodongzheyaoqiulejiedeqitaqingkuang;yongrendanweiyouquanlejielaodongzheyulaodonghetongzhijiexiangguandejibenqingkuang,laodongzheyingdangrushishuoming。

dijiutiaoguiding,yongrendanweizhaoyonglaodongzhe,budekouyalaodongzhedejuminshenfenzhengheqitazhengjian,budeyaoqiulaodongzhetigongdanbaohuozheyiqitamingyixianglaodongzheshouqucaiwu。

36.shenmeshishehuibaoxian?woguojianlilenaxieshehuibaoxianzhidu?

shehuibaoxianshizhiguojiatongguolifa,anzhaoquanliyuyiwuxiangduiyingyuanze,duoqudaochoujizijin,duicanbaozhezaizaoyunianlao、jibing、gongshang、shiye、shengyudengfengxianqingkuangxiatigongwuzhibangzhu(baokuoxianjinbutiehefuwu),shiqixiangyoujibenshenghuobaozhang、mianchuhuojianshaojingjisunshidezhiduanpai。

shehuibaoxianfadiertiaoguiding,woguojianlijibenyanglaobaoxian、jibenyiliaobaoxian、gongshangbaoxian、shiyebaoxian、shengyubaoxiandengshehuibaoxianzhidu,baozhanggongminzainianlao、jibing、gongshang、shiye、shengyudengqingkuangxiayifacongguojiaheshehuihuodewuzhibangzhudequanli。qizhong,jibenyanglaobaoxianzhidubaokuozhigongjibenyanglaobaoxianzhidu、xinxingnongcunshehuibaoxianzhiduhechengzhenjuminshehuiyanglaobaoxianzhidu;jibenyiliaobaoxianzhidubaokuozhigongjibenyiliaobaoxianzhidu、xinxingnongcunhezuoyiliaozhiduhechengzhenjuminyiliaobaoxianzhidu。

37.yongrendanweiyinggailvxingnaxieshehuibaoxianyiwu?xiangyounaxieshehuibaoxianquanli?

(1)shehuibaoxianyiwu:yishishenqingbanlishehuibaoxiandengjideyiwu;ershishenbaohejiaonashehuibaoxianfeideyiwu;sanshidaikoudaijiaozhigongshehuibaoxiandeyiwu;sishixiangzhigonggaozhijiaonashehuibaoxianfeimingxideyiwu。

(2)shehuibaoxianquanli:yishiyouquanmianfeichaxun、heduiqijiaofeijilu;ershiyouquanyaoqiushehuibaoxianjingbanjigoutigongshehuibaoxianzixundengxiangguanfuwu;sanshikeyicanjiashehuibaoxianjianduweiyuanhui,duishehuibaoxiangongzuotichuzixunyijianhejianyi,shishishehuijiandu;sishiduiqinhaizishenquanyihebuyifabanlishehuibaoxianshiwudexingwei,youquanyifashenqingxingzhengfuyihuozhetiqixingzhengsusong。ciwai,haiyouquanduiweifanshehuibaoxianfalv、faguidexingweijinxingjubao、tousu。

38.canjiashehuibaoxiandegerenxiangyounaxiequanli?

gaoxiaobiyeshengyifajiaonashehuibaoxianfeihou,xiangyouyixiaquanli:

(1)youquanyifaxiangshoushehuibaoxiandaiyu;

(2)youquanjiandubendanweiweiqijiaofeiqingkuang;

(3)youquanmianfeixiangshehuibaoxianjingbanjigouchaxun、heduiqijiaofeihexiangshoushehuibaoxiandaiyuquanyijilu;

(4)youquanyaoqiushehuibaoxianjingbanjigoutigongshehuibaoxianzixundengxiangguanfuwu;

(5)duiqinhaizishenquanyihebuyifabanlishehuibaoxianshiwudexingwei,youquanyifashenqingxingzhengfuyihuozhetiqixingzhengsusong。

ciwai,haiyouquanduiweifanshehuibaoxianfalv、faguidexingweijinxingjubao、tousu。

39.muqianguojiaduiyongrendanweijiqizhigonghecanbaogerenjiaonashehuibaoxianfeidefeilvshiruheguidingde?

(1)yongrendanweijiqizhigongjiaonashehuibaoxianfeidefeilv。genju《guowuyuanyaboappwanshanqiyezhigongjibenyanglaobaoxianzhidudejueding》(guofa〔2005〕38hao)、《guowuyuanyaboappjianlichengzhenzhigongjibenyiliaobaoxianzhidudejueding》(guofa〔1998〕44hao)、《shiyebaoxiantiaoli》(guowuyuanlingdi258hao)guiding,yongrendanweijiaonajibenyanglaobaoxian、jibenyiliaobaoxianheshiyebaoxiandefeilv,fenbieshiyuanzeshangweibendanweigongzizongede20%、6%zuoyouhe2%;yongrendanweijiaonagongshangbaoxianfeianzhao《gongshangbaoxiantiaoli》(guowuyuanlingdi586hao)guidingshixingxingyechabiefeilvhefudongfeilv,youguanfeilvquedinganzhaoguojiaxiangyingguidingzhixing;yongrendanweijiaonashengyubaoxianfeidefeilvanzhao《qiyezhigongshengyubaoxianshixingbanfa》(laobufa〔1994〕504hao)guidingzhixing,youtongchoudiquzhengfugenjushijiqingkuangzixingqueding,danbudechaoguoyongrendanweigongzizongede1%。zhigongbenrenjiaonajibenyanglaobaoxian、jibenyiliaobaoxianheshiyebaoxiandefeilv,fenbieweibenrengongzide8%、2%he1%。

(2)canbaogerenjiaonashehuibaoxianfeidefeilv。genju《guowuyuanyaboappwanshanqiyezhigongjibenyanglaobaoxianzhidudejueding》(guofa〔2005〕38hao)guiding,wugugongdegetigongshanghuhelinghuojiuyerenyuancanjiazhigongjibenyanglaobaoxiandejiaofeifeilvwei20%,qizhong8%jirugerenzhanghu;wugugongdegetigongshanghuhelinghuojiuyerenyuancanjiazhigongjibenyiliaobaoxiandejiaofeifeilv,anguojiayouguanguiding,tongchoudiqukeyicanzhaodangdijibenyiliaobaoxianjianlitongchoujijindejiaofeishuipingqueding。

(3)chengzhenjumincanjiajuminyiliaobaoxianhenongcunjumincanjiaxinxingnongcunshehuiyanglaobaoxianjixinxingnongcunhezuoyiliao,zhuyaocaiqudingefangshijiaonashehuibaoxianfei。

40.gaoxiaobiyeshengruhechulilaodongrenshijiufen?

fashenglaodongrenshizhengyi,keyitongguoxieshangjiejue。dangshirenbuyuanxieshanghuoxieshangbuchengde,keyixiangdiaojiezuzhishenqingdiaojie;buyuandiaojie、diaojiebuchenghuozhedachengdiaojiexieyihoubulvxingde,keyixianglaodongrenshizhengyizhongcaiweiyuanhuishenqingzhongcai;duizhongcaicaijuebufude,chufalvlingyouguidingdewai,keyixiangrenminfayuantiqisusong。

duiyongrendanweiweifanlaodongbaozhangfalv、faguiheguizhangdeqingkuang,gaoxiaobiyeshengkexiangrenliziyuanshehuibaozhangbumenjubao、tousu。laodongbaozhangjianchajigoujiangyifashouli,jiuzhenghechachuyouguanweifaxingwei。

41.shenmeshifuwuwaibaohefuwuwaibaoqiye?

fuwuwaibaoshizhiqiyejiangqifeihexindeyewuwaibaochuqu,liyongwaibuzuiyouxiudezhuanyehuatuanduilaichengjiegaiyewu,congershiqizhuanzhuhexinyewu,dadaojiangdichengben、tigaoxiaolv、zengqiangqiyehexinjingzhengliheduihuanjingyingbiannenglideyizhongguanlimoshi。

fuwuwaibaoqiyeshizhiqiyufuwuwaibaofabaoshangqiandingzhongzhangqifuwuhetong,chengjiefuwuwaibaoyewudeqiye。

42.muqianfuwuwaibaochanyezhuyaoshejinaxielingyujidiqu?

fuwuwaibaofenweixinxijishuwaibaofuwu(ito)、jishuxingyewuliuchengwaibaofuwu(bpo)hejishuxingzhishiliuchengwaibao(kpo)deng。itobaokuoruanjianyanfajiwaibao、xinxijishuyanfafuwuwaibao、xinxixitongyunyingweihuwaibaodenglingyu。bpobaokuoqiyeyewuliuchengshejifuwu、qiyeneirongguanlishujukufuwu、qiyeyunyingshujukufuwu、qiyegongyinglianguanlishujukufuwudenglingyu。kpobaokuozhishichanquanyanjiu、yiyaoheshengwujishuyanfaheceshi、chanpinjishuyanfa、gongyesheji、fenxixueheshujuwajue、dongmanjiwangyoushejiyanfa、jiaoyukejianyanfa、gongchengshejidenglingyu。

woguomuqianyoufuwuwaibaoshifanchengshi21ge,fenbieshibeijing、tianjin、shanghai、zhongqing、dalian、shenzhen、guangzhou、wuhan、haerbin、chengdou、nanjing、xian、jinan、hangzhou、hefei、nanchang、zhangsha、daqing、suzhou、wuxi、shamen。

43. fuwuwaibaoqiyexinagaoxiaobiyeshengyounaxiecaizhengzhichi?

anzhao《guowuyuanbangongtingyaboappgulifuwuwaibaochanyejiakuaifazhandefuhan》(guobanhan〔2010〕69hao)、《renliziyuanshehuibaozhangbu、shangwubuyaboappjiakuaifuwuwaibaochanyefazhancujingaoxiaobiyeshengjiuyederuoganyijian》(renshebufa〔2009〕123hao)dengwenjianguiding,duifuhetiaojiandefuwuwaibaoqiye,meixinluyong1mingdaxueyishangxueliyuangongcongshifuwuwaibaogongzuobingqianding1nianqiyishanglaodonghetongde,jiyuqiyebuchaoguomeiren4500yuandepeixunzhichi;duifuhetiaojiandepeixunjigoupeixundecongshifuwuwaibaoyewurencai(daxueyishangxueli),tongguofuwuwaibaoyewuzhuanyezhishihejinengpeixunkaohe,bingyufuwuwaibaoqiyeqianding1nianqiyishanglaodonghetongde,jiyupeixunjigoumeirenbuchaoguo500yuandepeixunzhichi。

fuwuwaibaoqiyexinagaoxiaobiyeshengcanjiajiuyejianxide,xiangshouxiangguancaizhengbuzhuzhengce。fuwuwaibaoqiyexinajiuyekunnangaoxiaobiyeshengjiuye,xiangshoushehuibaoxianbutiedengfuchizhengce。jiuyekunnangaoxiaobiyeshengcanjiafuwuwaibaopeixunkeanguidingxiangshouzhiyepeixunbutiehezhiyejinengjiandingbutie。

44.guojiagulidaxueshengyingzhengruwufuyiwubingyi,zheilide“daxuesheng”ruhejieding?

zhigenjuguojiayouguanguidingpizhunsheli、shishigaodengxuelijiaoyudequanrizhigongbanputonggaodengxuexiao、minbanputonggaodengxuexiaohedulixueyuan,anzhaoguojiazhaoshengguidingluqudequanrizhiputongbenke、zhuanke(hangaozhi)、yanjiusheng、dierxueshixueweideying(wang)jiebiyesheng、zaixiaoshengheyibeiputonggaoxiaoluqudanweibaodaoruxuedexuesheng。

zhengjidedaxueshengyinanxingweizhu,nvxingdaxueshengzhengjigenjujunduixuyaoqueding。

45.gongminyingzhengruwuxuyaomanzunaxiezhengzhitiaojianhejibenshentitiaojian?

zhengjifuxianyidegongminbixureaizhongguogongchandang,reaishehuizhuyizuguo,reairenminjundui,zunjishoufa,pindeyouliang,juexinweidikangqinlve、baoweizuguo、baoweirenmindehepinglaodongeryingyongfendou。zhengbingzhengzhishenchadeneirongbaokuo:yingzhenggongmindenianling、huji、zhiye、zhengzhimianmao、zongjiaoxinyang、wenhuachengdu、xianshibiaoxianyijijiatingzhuyaochengyuanhezhuyaoshehuiguanxichengyuandezhengzhiqingkuangdeng。

gongminyingzhengruwuyaofuheguofangbubanbude《yingzhenggongmintigejianchabiaozhun》heyouguanguiding。qizhong,youjixiangjibentiaojian:

shengao:nanxing160cmyishang,nvxing158cmyishang。

tizhong:biaozhuntizhong=(shengao-110)kg。

nanxing:buchaoguobiaozhuntizhongde30%,budiyubiaozhuntizhongde15%。

nvxing:buchaoguobiaozhuntizhongde20%,budiyubiaozhuntizhongde15%。

shili:daxueshengyouyanluoyanshilibudiyu4.6,zuoyanluoyanshilibudiyu4.5。quguangbuzheng,zhunfenzijiguangshoushuhoubannianyishang,wubingfazheng,shilidadaoxiangyingbiaozhunde,hege。

neike:yixingganyanbiaomiankangyuanchengyinxing,dengdeng。

46.yingzhengruwufuyiwubingyidaxueshengdenianlingshiruheguidingde?

nanxingputonggaodengxuexiaozaixiaoshengweinianman18zhi22zhousui,gaozhi(zhuanke)biyeshengkefangkuandao23zhousui,benkejiyishangxuelibiyeshengkefangkuandao24zhousui。

nvxingputonggaodengxuexiaozaixiaoshengweinianman18dao20zhousui,yingjiebiyeshengfangkuandao22zhousui。

47.gaoxiaobiyeshengyingzhengruwufuyiwubingyiyaojingguonaxiechengxu?

(1)wangshangbaomingyuzheng:youyingzhengyixiangdegaoxiaobiyeshengkezaixiaqiujizhengbingkaishizhiqiandenglu“daxueshengyingzhengruwuwangshangbaomingpingtai”(wangzhiweihuo,xiatong)jinxingbaoming,tianxie、dayin《yingjiebiyeshengyuzhengduixiangdengjibiao》he《gaoxiaobiyeshengyingzhengruwuxuefeibuchangguojiazhuxuedaikuandaichangshenqingbiao》(yixiafenbiejiancheng《dengjibiao》、《shenqingbiao》),jiaosuozaigaoxiaozhengbinggongzuoguanlibumen。

(2)chushen、chujian:biyeshenglixiaoqian,zaigaoxiaocanjiashentichujian、zhengzhichushen,fuhetiaojianzhequedingweiyuzhengduixiang,gaoxiaoxiezhubingyijiguanjiang《dengjibiao》he《shenqingbiao》shenhegaizhangfajibiyeshengbenren,bingwanchengwangshangxinxiqueren。chushen、chujiangongzuozuiwanzai7yue15riqianwancheng。

(3)shidiyingzheng:gaoxiaoyingjiebiyeshengkezaixuexiaosuozaidiyingzhengruwu,yekezairuxueqianhujisuozaidiyingzhengruwu。

(4)zuzhigaoxiaoyingjiebiyeshengzaixuexiaosuozaidizhengjide,jiehechushen、chujiangongzuotongbujinxingtigejianchahezhengzhishencha,zaibiyeshenglixiaoqianwanchengyudingbing,9yuechuxuexiaosuozaidixian(shi、qu)renminzhengfuzhengbingbangongshiweiqibanlipizhunruwushouxu。zhengzhishenchayibenrenxianshibiaoxianweizhu,youqijiuduxuexiaosuozaididexian(shi、qu)gonganbumenfuze,xuexiaofenguanbumenjutichengban,yuanzeshangbuzaiduiqiruxueqianhejiudufanxiangqijiandexianshibiaoxianqingkuangjinxingdiaocha。

(5)zairuxueqianhujisuozaidiyingzhengruwude,gaoxiaoyingjiebiyesheng7yue30riqianjianghujiqianhuiruxueqianhujidi,chi《dengjibiao》he《shenqingbiao》daodangdixianjibingyijiguancanjiashidiyingzheng,jingtigejiancha、zhengzhishenchahegede,9yuechuyoudangdixian(shi、qu)renminzhengfuzhengbingbangongshibanlipizhunruwushouxu。

48.daxueshengzhengjigongzuoyounagebumenqiantoufuze?

gaoxiaosuozaidibingyijiguanhuitongyouguanbumenjinrugaoxiaokaizhanzhengjigongzuo,gaoxiaoyouxueshengguanlibumenhuoxuexiaowuzhuangbumenqiantoufuze,youyixiangcanjunruwudedaxueshengkexiangsuozaixuexiaoxuegongbu(chu)、jiuyezhongxin、zizhuzhongxinhuowuzhuangbuzixunyouguanzhengce。

49.gaoxiaobiyeshengyingzhengruwufuyiwubingyixiangshounaxieyouhuizhengce?

gaoxiaobiyeshengyingzhengruwufuyiwubingyi,chuxiangyouyouxianbaomingyingzheng、youxiantijianzhengshen、youxianshenpidingbing、youxiananpaishiyong“sigeyouxian”zhengce,jiatinganguidingxiangshoujunshudaiyuwai,haixiangshouyouxianxuanbashiyong、xuefeibuchangheguojiazhuxuedaikuandaichang、tuiyihoukaoxueshengxueyouhui、jiuyefuwudengzhengce。

50.gaoxiaobiyeshengyingzhengruwu“sigeyouxian”zhengceshizenyangguidingde?

gaoxiaobiyeshengyuzhengduixiangcanjunruwuxiangshou“siyouxian”zhengce:

(1)youxianbaomingyingzheng。baomingyouxianjibingyijiguanzhijiebanli。xiaqiujizhengbingkaishiqian,xianjibingyijiguantongzhiqibaomingshijian、didian、zhuyishixiangdeng。quedingweiyuzhengduixiangdegaoxiaobiyesheng,chi《yingjiebiyeshengyuzhengduixiangdengjibiao》,keyizhijiedaoxuexiaosuozaidihuohujisuozaidixianjibingyijiguanbaomingyingzheng。

(2)youxiantijianzhengkao。tijianyouxianjibingyijiguanzhijiebanli。xiaqiujizhengbingtijianqian,xianjibingyijiguantongzhiqitijianshijian、didian、zhuyishixiangdeng。quedingweiyuzhengduixiangdegaoxiaobiyesheng,weinengzaiguidingshijianneizaixuexiaocanjiatijiande,benrenchi《yingjiebiyeshengyuzhengduixiangdengjibiao》,kezaizhengbingtijianshijianneibaomingzhijiecanjiatijian。

(3)youxianshenpidingbing。shenpidingbingshi,yingdangyouxianpizhuntijianzhengshenhegedegaoxiaobiyeshengruwu。gaozhi(zhuanke)yishangwenhuachengdudehegeqingnianweibeipizhunruwuqian,budepizhungaozhongwenhuachengdudeqingnianruwu。

(4)youxiananpaishiyong。zaianpaibingyuanquxiangshi,genjugaoxiaobiyeshengdexueli、zhuanyehegerentezhang,youxiananpaidaojunbingzhonghuozhuanyejishuyaoqiugaodebuduifuyi;buduiduizhengjiruwudegaoxiaobiyesheng,youxiananpaidaoshihedegangwei,chongfenfahuiqizhuanzhang。

51.daxueshengyingzhengruwufuyiwubingyijiyuguojiazizhudeneirongshishenme?

gaodengxuexiaoxueshengyingzhengruwufuyiwubingyiguojiazizhu,shizhiguojiaduiyingzhengruwufuyiwubingyidegaoxiaoxuesheng,zairuwushiduiqizaixiaoqijianjiaonadexuefeishixingyicixingbuchanghuohuodedeguojiazhuxuedaikuan(guojiazhuxuedaikuanbaokuoxiaoyuandiguojiazhuxuedaikuanheshengyuandixinyongzhuxuedaikuan,xiatong)shixingdaichang;yingzhengruwufuyiwubingyiqianzhengzaigaodengxuexiaojiududexuesheng(hananguojiazhaoshengguidingluqudegaodengxuexiaoxinsheng),fuyiqijiananguojiayouguanguidingbaoliuxuejihuoruxuezige、tuiyihouziyuanfuxuehuoruxuede,guojiashixingxuefeijianmian。

52.gaoxiaoxueshengyingzhengruwuxiangshouxuefeibuchang、guojiazhuxuedaikuandaichangjixuefeijianmiandebiaozhunshiduoshao?

anzhao《yaboappdiaozhengwanshanguojiazhuxuedaikuanxiangguanzhengcecuoshidetongzhi》(caijiao〔2014〕180hao)、《caizhengbu、jiaoyubu、zongcanmoubuyaboappyinfa<gaodengxuexiaoxueshengyingzhengruwufuyiwubingyiguojiazizhubanfa>detongzhi》(caijiao〔2013〕236hao)、《yaboappduizhijiezhaoshouweishiguandegaodengxuexiaoxueshengshixingguojiazizhudetongzhi》(caijiao[2015]462hao)wenjianguiding:

(1)xuefeibuchang、guojiazhuxuedaikuandaichangjixuefeijianmianbiaozhun,benzhuankeshengmeirenmeinianzuigaobuchaoguo8000yuan,yanjiushengmeirenmeinianzuigaobuchaoguo12000yuan。

(2)xuefeibuchanghuoguojiazhuxuedaikuandaichangjine,anxueshengshijijiaonadexuefeihuohuodedeguojiazhuxuedaikuan(guojiazhuxuedaikuanbaokuobenjinjiqiquanbuchanghaizhiqianchanshengdelixi,xiatong)liangzhejinejiaogaozhezhixing,jushibuchanghuozhedaichang。tuiyifuxuehouxuefeijianmianjine,anxuexiaoshijishouquxuefeijinezhixing。chaochubiaozhunbufenbuyubuchang、daichanghuojianmian。

(3)huoxuefeibuchangxueshengzaixiaoqijianhuodeguojiazhuxuedaikuande,buchangzijinbixushouxianyongyuchanghaiguojiazhuxuedaikuan。rubuchangjinegaoyuguojiazhuxuedaikuanjine,gaochubufentuihaixuesheng。

(4)cong2015nianqi,guojiaduizhijiezhaoshouweishiguandegaodengxuexiaoxueshengshixingguojiazizhu,ruwushiduiqizaixiaoqijianjiaonadexuefeishixingyicixingbuchanghuohuodedeguojiazhuxuedaikuan(baokuoxiaoyuandiguojiazhuxuedaikuanheshengyuandixinyongzhuxuedaikuan)shixingdaichang。

53.gaoxiaoxueshengyingzhengruwufuyiwubingyidoukeyixiangshouguojiazizhuzhengcema?

zaixiaoqijianyimianchuquanbuxuefeidexuesheng,dingxiangsheng、weipeishengheguofangsheng,qitabushuyufuyiwubingyidaobuduicanjundexuesheng,junbuxiangshouxuefeibuchangheguojiazhuxuedaikuandaichangzhengce。

54.gaoxiaoxueshengyingzhengruwufuyiwubingyixiangshouxuefeibuchang、guojiazhuxuedaikuandaichanghexuefeijianmiandenianxianruhejisuan?

xuefeibuchang、guojiazhuxuedaikuandaichanghexuefeijianmiandenianxian,anzhaoguojiaduibenke、zhuanke(gaozhi)、yanjiushenghedierxueshixueweiguidingdexiangyingxiuyenianxianjushijisuan。yiruwushijianweizhun,ruwuqianyidadaodexiuyeguidingnianxian,jiweixuefeibuchanghuoguojiazhuxuedaikuandaichangdenianxian;tuiyifuxuehouyingwanchengdeguojiaguidingdexiuyenianxiandeshengyuqixian,jiweixuefeijianmiandenianxian;fuxuehougongdugenggaocengcixuelibuzaijianmianxuefeifanweizhinei。

zhuanshengben、benshuoliandu、zhongzhigaozhiliandu、dierxueshixueweibiyeshengbuchangxuefeihuodaichangguojiazhuxuedaikuandenianxian,fenbieanzhaowanchengbenke、shuoshi、gaozhihedierxueshixueweijieduanxuexirenwuguidingdexuexishijianjisuan。

zhuanshengben、benshuolianduxuezhizaixiaosheng,zaizhuankehuobenkexuexijieduanyingzhengruwude,yishijixuexishijianshixingxuefeibuchanghuoguojiazhuxuedaikuandaichang;zaibenkehuoshuoshixuexijieduanyingzhengruwude,yibenkeyixuexishijianhuoshuoshiyixuexishijianjisuan,shixingxuefeibuchanghuoguojiazhuxuedaikuandaichang,qiyiqianzhuankexuexishijianhuobenkexuexishijianbujiruxuefeibuchanghuoguojiazhuxuedaikuandaichang。zhongzhigaozhilianduxueshengxuefeibuchanghuoguojiazhuxuedaikuandaichangdenianxian,anzhaogaozhijieduanshijixuexishijianjisuan。

55.gaoxiaoxueshengshenqingyingzhengruwufuyiwubingyiguojiazizhudechengxushishenme?

(1)yingzhengbaomingdegaoxiaoxueshengdengludaxueshengzhengbingbaomingxitong,anyaoqiuzaixiantianxie、dayin《gaoxiaoxueshengyingzhengruwuxuefeibuchangguojiazhuxuedaikuandaichangshenqingbiao》(yishiliangfen,yixiajiancheng《shenqingbiao》)bingtijiaoxuexiaoxueshengzizhuguanlibumen。zaixiaoqijianhuodeguojiazhuxuedaikuandexuesheng,xutongshitigong《guojiazhuxuedaikuanjiekuanhetong》fuyinjianhebenrenqianzideyicixingchanghaidaikuanjihuashu。

(2)xuexiaoxiangguanbumendui《shenqingbiao》zhongxueshengdezizhuzige、biaozhun、jine(ruyoushengyuandixinyongzhuxuedaikuan,xuexiaoyinglianxidaikuanjingbanyinxinghuodaikuanjingbandixianjixueshengzizhuguanlijigouquerendaikuanjine)dengxiangguanxinxishenhewuwuhou,dui《shenqingbiao》jiagaigongzhang,yifenliucun,yifenfanhaixuesheng。

(3)xueshengzaizhengbingbaomingshijiang《shenqingbiao》jiaozhiruwusuozaidixianjirenminzhengfuzhengbingbangongshi(yixiajiancheng“xianjizhengbingban”)。xueshengtongguozhengbingtijianbeipizhunruwuhou,xianjizhengbingbandui《shenqingbiao》jiagaigongzhangbingfanhaixuesheng。

(4)xueshengjiang《shenqingbiao》yuanjianheruwutongzhishufuyinjian,jisongzhiyuanjiudugaoxiaoxueshengzizhuguanlibumen。

56.yingerenyuanyinbeibuduituihui,gaoxiaoxueshengyihuoguojiazizhudejingfeiyaobeishouhuima?

yinbenrensixiangyuanyin、guyiyinmanbingshihuonongxuzuojia、weifafanzuidengxingweizaochengtuibingdexuesheng,xuexiaoquxiaoqishouzhuzige,bingbudeshenqingxuefeijianmian。gesheng(qu、shi)renminzhengfuzhengbingbangongshiyingzaijieshoutuibinghoujishijiangbeituihuixueshengdexingming、jiudugaoxiao、tuibingyuanyindengqingkuangzhujishangbaozhiguofangbuzhengbingbangongshi,binganzhaoxueshengyuanjiudugaoxiaodelishuguanxi,tongbaotongjijiaoyuxingzhengbumen。

beibuduituihuibingbeiquxiaozizhuzigedexuesheng,ruxueshengfanhuiqiyuanhujisuozaidi,yibuchangdexuefeihuodaichangdeguojiazhuxuedaikuanzijinyouxueshenghujisuozaidixianjijiaoyuxingzhengbumenhuitongtongjirenminzhengfuzhengbingbangongshishouhui;ruxueshengfanhuiqiyuanjiudugaoxiao,yibuchangdexuefeihuodaichangdeguojiazhuxuedaikuanyouxueshengyuanjiudugaoxiaohuitongtuiyianzhidixianjirenminzhengfuzhengbingbangongshishouhui。gexianjijiaoyuxingzhengbumenhegegaoxiaoyingzaishouhuizijinhoushirinei,zhujihuizongshangjiaoquanguoxueshengzizhuguanlizhongxin。shouhuizijinanguidingzuoweixiayinianduxuefeibuchanghuoguojiazhuxuedaikuandaichangjingfei。

57.gaoxiaobiyeshengruwufuyiwubingyinianxianshiduoshao?

woguoxianxingdeyiwubingyizhidufuyinianxianshiliangnian。

58.daxueshengshibingtuiyihouxiangshounaxiejiuxueyouhuizhengce?

(1)gaozhi(zhuanke)xueshengruwujinglikezuoweibiyeshixijingli。

(2)tuiyidaxueshengshibingruxuehuofuxuehoumianxiujunshijinengxunlian,zhijiehuodexuefen。

(3)sheli“tuiyidaxueshengshibing”zhuanxiangshuoshiyanjiushengzhaoshengjihua。genjushijixuqiu,meiniananpaiyidingshuliangzhuanxiangjihua,zhuanmenmianxiangtuiyidaxueshengshibingzhaosheng。zaiquanguoyanjiushengzhaoshengzongguimoneidanliexiada,budenuoyong.

(4)jianggaoxiaozaixiaosheng(hangaoxiaoxinsheng)fubingyiqingkuangnarutuimianshenglinxuanzhibiaotixi。gulikaizhantuijianyouxiuyingjiebenkebiyeshengmianshigongduyanjiushenggongzuodegaoxiaozaizhidingyaboapptuimianshenglinxuanbanfashi,jieheyaboappjutiqingkuang,jiangzaixiaoqijianfubingyiqingkuangnarutuimianshenglinxuanzhibiaotixi。zaibuduironglierdenggongjiyishangdetuiyirenyuan,fuheyanjiushengbaomingtiaojiandekemianshi(zhichushi)gongdushuoshiyanjiusheng。

(5)jiangkaoyanjiafenfanweikuodazhigaoxiaozaixiaosheng(hangaoxiaoxinsheng)。tuiyirenyuanzaijixushixingputonggaoxiaoyingjiebiyeshengtuiyihouanguidingxiangshoujiafenzhengcedejichushang,yunxuputonggaoxiaozaixiaosheng(hangaoxiaoxinsheng)yingzhengruwufuyiwubingyituiyi,zaiwanchengbenkexueyehou3nianneicanjiaquanguoshuoshiyanjiushengzhaoshengkaoshi,chushizongfenjia10fen,tongdengtiaojianxiayouxianluqu。

(6)tuiyidaxueshengshibingzhuanshengbenshixingzhaoshengjihuadanlie。gaozhi(zhuanke)xueshengyingzhengruwufuyiwubingyituiyi,zaiwanchenggaozhixueyehoucanjiaputongbenkezhuanshengbenkaoshi,shixingjihuadanlie,luqubilizaixianxing30%dejichushangshidukuoda,jutibiliyougeshengfengenjubendishijihebaomingqingkuangqueding。

(7)gaoxiaoxinshengluqutongzhishuzhongfujiyingzhengruwuyouhuizhengce。gaoxiaoxiangxinshengjisong《luqutongzhishu》shi,fujiyingzhengruwuxuanchuandan,xuanchuandanzhuyaoneirongbaokuoyouhuizhengcegaiyao、baomingliuchengzhinan、xuejizhuceyaoqiudeng。

(8)fangkuantuiyidaxueshengshibingfuxuezhuanzhuanyexianzhi。daxueshengshibingtuiyihoufuxue,jingxuexiaotongyibinglvxingxiangguanchengxuhou,kezhuanruyaboappqitazhuanyexuexi。

(9)juyougaozhi(gaozhuan)xuelide,tuiyihoumianshiruduchengrenbenke,huojingguoyidingkaoheruduputongbenke;ronglisandenggongyishangjianglide,zaiwanchenggaozhi(zhuanke)xueyehou,mianshiruduputongbenke;

(10)yingzhengruwudegaoxiaobiyeshengtuiyihoubaokaozhengfaganjingzhaolupeiyangtizhigaigeshidianzhaoshengshi,jiaoyukaoshibishichengjizongfenjia10fen。

59.shenmeshizhengfaganjingzhaolupeiyangtizhigaigeshidiankaoshi?

guojiaweipeiyangzhengzhiyewusuzhigao,shizhannengliqiangdeyingyongxing、fuhexingzhengfarencai,jiaqiangzhengfajiguangongwuyuanduiwujianshe,2008niankaishizhongdiancongbuduituiyishibingheputonggaoxiaobiyeshengzhongxuanbayouxiurencai,weijicengzhengfajiguantebieshizhongxibuheqitajingjiqianfadadiqudexian(shi)jiyixiajicengzhengfajiguantigongrencaibaozhanghezhilizhichi。

60.yingzhengruwudegaoxiaoyingjiebiyeshenglixiaohouhukoudangancunfangzainali,ruheqianzhuan?

beiquedingweiyuzhengduixiangdegaoxiaoyingjiebiyesheng,huiruxueqianhujisuozaidiyingzhengde,jianghukouqianhuiruxueqianhujisuozaidi,danganzhuandaoruxueqianhujisuozaidirencaijiaoliuzhongxincunfang。zaixuexiaosuozaidiyingzhengde,kejianghujihedanganzanshibaoliuzaixuexiao。

gaoxiaoyingjiebiyeshengpizhunruwuhou,qihukoudanganyuyizhuxiao,danganfangruxinbingdangan。

61.gaoxiaoyingjiebiyeshengtuiyihouhudangqianyiyouheyouhuizhengce?

gaoxiaoyingjiebiyeshengruwufuyiwubingyituichuxianyihouyiniannei,keshitongdangniandegaoxiaoyingjiebiyesheng,pingyongrendanweilu(pin)yongshouxu,xiangyuanjiudugaoxiaozaicishenqingbanlijiuyebaodaoshouxu,hudangsuiqian(zhixiashianzhaoyouguanguidingzhixing)。

62.meiyoucanjiawangshangbaomingyuzhengdedaxueshengshengshifouhaikeyiyingzhengruwubingxiangshouyouguanyouhuizhengce?

weicanjiawangshangbaomingyuzhengdedaxuesheng,zaizhengbingqijianxuyaobubanwangshangyuzhengshouxu,meiyoujingguowangshangbaomingyuzhengdedaxueshengbuxiangshouyouguanyouhuizhengce。

63.shenmeshishiguan?yuyiwubingyoushenmequbie?

wojunxianyishibinganbingyixingzhifenweiyiwubingyizhishibinghezhiyuanbingyizhishibing。yiwubingyizhishibingchengweiyiwubing,zhiyuanbingyizhishibingchengweishiguan。shiguanshuyushibingjunxianxulie,danbutongyuyiwubingyizhishibing,shishibingzhongdegugan。yiwubingshixinggongjizhi,fajijintie,shiguanshixinggongzizhihedingqizengzizhidu。

64.guojiazizhuzhijiezhaoshouweishiguandegaodengxuexiaoxueshengruhejieding?

shizhizhijiecongfeijunshibumenzhaoshouweibuduishiguandequanrizhiputongbenzhuanke(hangaozhi)、yanjiusheng、dierxueshixueweideying(wang)jiebiyesheng,yijichengrengaoxiaodeputongbenzhuanke(gaozhi)ying(wang)jiebiyesheng;naruquanguogaodengxuexiaozhaoshengtongyikaoshi、zhijiezhaoluhuoxuanbabuchongweibuduishiguandedingxiangsheng。

jijituokuanzhongdianlingyujiuyequdao

65.guojiaguliheyindaogaoxiaobiyeshengqunaxiezhongyaolingyujiuyechuangye?

“yidaiyilu”“zhangjiangjingjidai”“jingjinjixietongfazhan”dengguojiazhongdazhanlvetigongledaliangdegangweixuqiu。gaoxiaobiyeshengyaozhudongduijierencaixuqiu,jijidaozhongdiandiqu、zhongdagongcheng、zhongdaxiangmu、zhongyaolingyuqujiuye。yaozhuazhushishi“zhongguozhizao2025”“hulianwang+”xingdongjihuadengqiji,daoxianjinzhizaoye、xiandaifuwuyehexiandainongyedenglingyujiuyechuangye。

66.shenmeshi“yidaiyilu”zhanlve?

“yidaiyilu”shi“sichouzhilujingjidai”he“21shijihaishangsichouzhilu”dejiancheng,shiguojiajidingcengzhanlve。tajiangchongfenyikaozhongguoyuyouguanguojiajiyoudeshuangduobianjizhi,jiezhujiyoude、xingzhiyouxiaodequyuhezuopingtai,yidaiyiluzhizaijieyonggudaisichouzhiludelishifuhao,gaojuhepingfazhandeqizhi,jijifazhanyuyanxianguojiadejingjihezuohuobanguanxi,gongtongdazaozhengzhihuxin、jingjironghe、wenhuabaorongdeliyigongtongti、mingyungongtongtihezerengongtongti。

67.“yidaiyilu”zhanlvejiangjidaxueshengjiuyedailainaxiejiyu?

“yidaiyilu”dehulianhutongxiangmujiangtuidongyanxiangeguofazhanzhanlvededuijieyuouhe,fajuequyuneishichangdeqianli,cujintouzihexiaofei,chuangzaoxuqiuhejiuye。2015nian3yue,guojiafazhangaigewei、waijiaobu、shangwubulianhefabule《tuidonggongjiansichouzhilujingjidaihe21shijihaishangsichouzhiludeyuanjingyuxingdong》。“yidaiyilu"jingjiqukaifanghou,chengbaogongchengxiangmutupo3000ge。2015nian,woguoqiyegongdui“yidaiyilu”xiangguande49geguojiajinxinglezhijietouzi,touzietongbizengzhang18.2%。2015nian,woguochengjie“yidaiyilu”xiangguanguojiafuwuwaibaohetongjine178.3yimeiyuan,zhixingjine121.5yimeiyuan,tongbifenbiezengzhang42.6%he23.45%。2016nian6yuedi,zhongoubanlieleijikaixing1881lie,qizhonghuicheng502lie,shixianjinchukoumaoyizonge170yimeiyuan。

68.guojiahedifangzhongdakeyanxiangmubaokuonaxie?naxiegaoxiaobiyeshengkeyibeixinaweiyanjiuzhulihuofuzhurenyuan?qiandingdefuwuxieyiyingbaohannaxieneirong?

anzhao《kejibu、jiaoyubu、caizhengbu、renliziyuanshehuibaozhangbu、guojiazirankexuejijinweiyuanhuiyaboappgulikeyanxiangmudanweixinahewendinggaoxiaobiyeshengjiuyederuoganyijian》(guokefacai〔2009〕97hao)guiding,yougaoxiao、keyanjigouheqiyesuochengdandeminkoukejizhongdazhuanxiang、973jihua、863jihua、kejizhichengjihuaxiangmuyijiguojiazirankexuejijinhuidezhongdazhongdianxiangmudeng,keyipinyonggaoxiaobiyeshengzuoweiyanjiuzhulihuofuzhurenyuancanyuyanjiugongzuo。ciwaideqitaxiangmu,chengdanyanjiudedanweiyekepinyonggaoxiaobiyesheng。

xinaduixiangzhuyaoyiyouxiudeyingjiebiyeshengweizhu,baokuogaoxiaoyijiyouxueweishouyuquandekeyanjigoupeiyangdeboshiyanjiusheng、shuoshiyanjiushenghebenkesheng。

beixinagaoxiaobiyeshengxuyuxiangmuchengdandanweiqiandingfuwuxieyi,mingqueshuangfangdequanli、zerenheyiwu,danbushixiangmuchengdandanweidezhengshizaibianzhigong。

qiandingdefuwuxieyiyingbaohan:

(1)xiangmuchengdandanweidemingchenghedizhi;

(2)yanjiuzhulidexingming、juminshenfenzhenghaomahezhuzhi;

(3)fuwuxieyiqixian;

(4)gongzuoneirong;

(5)laowuxingfeiyongshuejizhifufangshi;

(6)shehuibaoxian;

(7)shuangfangxieshangyuedingdeqitaneirong。

fuwuxieyibudeyuedingyoubiyeshengchengdanweiyuejin。

69.keyanxiangmufuwuxieyideqixianruheyueding?lvxingqijianshifoukeyijiechuxieyi?

genju《renliziyuanshehuibaozhangbubangongtingyaboappzhongdakeyanxiangmudanweixinagaoxiaobiyeshengcanyuyanjiugongzuoqiandingfuwuxieyiyouguanwentidetongzhi》(renshetingfa〔2009〕47hao)dengwenjianguiding,fuwuxieyiqixianzuiduokeqiandingsannian,sannianyixiadefuwuxieyiqixianyimanerxiangmuzhixingqiweimande,genjugongzuoxuyaokeyixieshangxuqianzhisannian。

fuwuxieyilvxingqijian,biyeshengkeyitichujiechufuwuxieyi,danyingtiqian15tianshumiantongzhixiangmuchengdandanwei。

xiangmuchengdandanweitichujiechufuwuxieyide,yingdangtiqian30rishumiantongzhibiyeshengbenren。yanjiuzhulibeijiechufuwuxieyihuoxieyiqimanzhongzhihou,fuhetiaojiandebiyeshengkeanguidingxiangshoushiyebaoxiandaiyu。

70.keyanxiangmuchengdandanweishifoujibeixinadegaoxiaobiyeshengshangbaoxian?beixinadegaoxiaobiyeshenghudangruheqianzhuan?fuwuxieyiqimanhouruhejiuye?

xiangmuchengdandanweiyingdangweibiyeshengbanlishehuibaoxian,jutibaokuojibenyanglaobaoxian、jibenyiliaobaoxian、shiyebaoxian、gongshangbaoxian、shengyubaoxian,binganshizuejiaofei。canbao、jiaofei、daiyuzhifudengjutibanfacanzhaogexiangshehuibaoxianyouguanguidingzhixing。

biyeshengcanyuxiangmuyanjiuqijian,genjudangdiqingkuang,qihukou、dangankecunfangzaixiangmuchengdandanweisuozaidihuoruxueqianjiatingsuozaidigonggongjiuyeherencaifuwujigou。xiangmuchengdandanweisuozaidihuoruxueqianjiatingsuozaidigonggongjiuyeherencaifuwujigouyingdangmianfeiweiqitigonghukou、dangantuoguanfuwu。

xieyiqiman,ruguoxiangmuchengdandanweiwuyixupin,zebiyeshengdaoqitagangweijiuye。tongshi,guojiagulixiangmuchengdandanweizhengshipinyong(zhaoyong)renyuanshi,youxianpinyongdanrenguoyanjiuzhuliderenyuan。xiangmuchengdandanweihuoqitayongrendanweizhengshipinyong(zhaoyong)danrenguoyanjiuzhuliderenyuan,yingdangfenbieyiju《laodonghetongfa》、《guowuyuanbangongtingzhuanfarenshibuyaboappzaishiyedanweishixingrenyuanpinyongzhiduyijiandetongzhi》(guobanfa〔2002〕35hao)dengguidingzhixing。

71.biyeshengfuwukeyanxiangmuxieyiqimanbeiyongrendanweizhengshilu(pin)yonghou,ruhebanliluohushouxu?gonglingruhejiexu?

danrenguoyanjiuzhuliderenyuanbeizhengshipinyong(zhaoyong)hou,anzhaoyouguanguiding,pingyongrendanweilu(pin)yongshouxu、laodonghetonghe《putonggaodengxuexiaobiyezhengshu》banliluohushouxu;gonglingyucanyuxiangmuyanjiuqijiandegongzuoshijianhebingjisuan,shehuibaoxianjiaofeinianxianhebingjisuan。

zhichigaoxiaobiyeshengdaoguojizuzhishixirenzhi

72.shenmeshiguojizuzhi?

guojizuzhishijuyouguojixingxingweitezhengdezuzhi,shilianggehuolianggeyishangguojia(huoqitaguojifazhuti)weishixiangongtongdezhengzhijingjimude,yijuqidijiedetiaoyuehuoqitazhengshifalvwenjianjianlideyouyidingguizhangzhidudechangshexingjigou。

guojizuzhifenweizhengfujianzuzhihefeizhengfujianzuzhi,yekefenweiquyuxingguojizuzhihequanqiuxingguojizuzhi。zhengfujiandeguojizuzhiyoulianheguo、ouzhoulianmeng、shijiemaoyizuzhideng,feizhengfujiandeguojizuzhiyouguojiaoweihui、guojihongshizihuideng。

73.lianheguodeguojigongwuyuanyounajizhong?naxiezhiweishimianxianggaoxiaobiyeshengde?

lianheguodeguojigongwuyuanzhuyaofenweisanzhong:dlei、pleiheglei。ddaibiaodeshidirector,jigaojiguanlirenyuan;pdaibiaoprofessional,jizhuanyerenyuan;ergzeshigeneral,jiyibanshiwu。

dleishuyulingdaoleizhiwu,bufenshizailianheguoneibuyijiyijijinshengshanglaide,lingwaiyibufenzelaizigeguozhijiepaiqian,biruwoguogebuweipaizhudaolianheguodegongzuorenyuan。

gleishuyujichuxinggangwei,daduoshixingzheng、mishudengfuzhuxingguyuan,yibancongjigousuozaiguodangdizhaopin。

pleishilianheguodezhongjianliliang,yinci,duiyuxiangjiarulianheguodegaoxiaobiyeshengeryan,zuichangguidefangshi,shicanjialianheguodeyppkaoshi(jiqingnianzhuanyerenyuankaoshi)。

74.shenmeshilianheguoqingnianzhuanyerenyuan(ypp)kaoshi?

lianheguoqingnianzhuanyerenyuan(ypp)kaoshishi2012nianlianheguoduiyuanguojiajingzhengkaoshi(ncre)gaigehoudekaoshixiangmu,shilianheguozhaopingongzuorenyuandezhuyaofangshizhiyi,yourenliziyuanshehuibaozhangbuxiezhulianheguozaihuajuban。

qingnianzhuanyerenyuankaoshideduixiangweichujiyewuguanyuan(p1/p2ji),youlianheguomishuchumeiniangenjugehuiyuanguozhandiyufenpeidelixiangyuanefuduqingkuang,yaoqingwudaibiaoxing、daibiaoxingbuzuhuojijiangbianweidaibiaoxingbuzudehuiyuanguocanjiakaoshi。huiyuanguotongyicanjiahou,qiguominketongguolianheguowangzhanbaomingcanjiabenniankaoshi。

lianheguojiangduishenqingcanjiakaoshiderenyuanjinxingchubuwangshangshaixuan,quedingzuizhongcanjiakaoshirenyuanmingdan。kaoshiyibanyoubishihemianshilianggejieduandeceshizucheng。tongguokaoshixuanbaderenyuanjiangjinrulianheguohoubeirenyuanmingdan,dangchuxianzhiweikongqueshi,youlianheguoconghoubeirenyuanmingdanzhongxuanpin。

75.guojiaduigaoxiaobiyeshengdaoguojizuzhishixirenzhitigongnaxiezhidaofuwu?

(1)tigong“gaoxiaobiyeshengguojizuzhishixirenzhifuwupingtai”(),weibiyeshengdaoguojizuzhishixirenzhihecanjiazhiyuanhuodongdeng,tigongxinxi、zixun、peixundengfuwu。

(2)guliyoutiaojiandegaoxiaojieheguojizuzhirencaixuqiu,kaizhanpeiyangtuisonggaoxiaobiyeshengdaoguojizuzhishixirenzhigongzuo,jiangguojizuzhijibenqingkuang、zhaopinyaoqiu、zhiyefazhanlujingdengneirong,narudaxueshengjiuyezhidaojiaocaihekecheng。

(3)guojialiuxuejijinguanliweiyuanhuicongquanguoyouxiuyingjiebiyeshengzhongxuanpaishixisheng,qianwanglianheguojiaokewenzuzhi、guojiminhangzuzhijiguojidianxinlianmengjinxingshixi,weiqi3-12geyue,bingketigongjiangxuejinzizhu。xiangjianjiaoyubuliuxuejijinweiwangzhan()。

76.gaoxiaobiyeshengdaoguojizuzhishixirenzhi,xuyaonaxienengli?ruhezaixiaozuohaozhunbei?

(1)yuyanshuiping

lianheguoyouliuzhongguanfanggongzuoyuyan,yingyu、fayu、xibanyayu、alaboyu、eyuhehanyu。qizhongyingyuhefayuzuiweizhongyao,liangzhejianjudeqiuzhizhejinruguojizuzhiyouzhetianrandeyoushi。lianheguodehenduojigouzaizhaopinshidouyaoqiuyingpinzhenenggoushiyongliangzhonghuoliangzhongyishangyuyanjinxingjiaoliu。chuleyaozuodaotingshuoduxie“sihui”,gengweizhongyaodeshiyunyongzheixieyuyanjinxinggoutongjiaoliu,birunenggoujinxingxieshangtanpan,zuokoutoubaogao,zaigongzhongmianqianyanjiang,zhuanxiexiangguanbaogaohuowenjiandeng。erqielianheguoyaoqiuyuangongbixunenggouyubutongdeduixiangjinxingjiaoliu,bingzuodaoyouxiao、qingxi、jianjie、zhunquekexin、nengchanshifuzadewenti,tongshiyaoyouxiyinli,bianyuduifanglijie。

zaidaxueshiqi,yaozhuzhongwaiyunenglidepeiyang,nulishulianzhangwo“tingshuoduxie”dejibenjineng,yeyaoduoduanlianshiyongwaiyujinxingkoutouheshumianjiaoliudeshijiyunyongnengli。youtiaojiandehuayekeyicanjiatuofu、yasidengzaiguojishangbeiguangfanchengrendeyuyanshuipingkaoshi,qudedechengjiyouzhuyushenqingguojizuzhideshixi、zhiyuan、zhengshigongzuoxiangmu。

(2)zonghesuzhi

guojizuzhiduisuopingongwuyuandeyaoqiu,budanchunshijishuxing、zhuanyexingde,gengzhongyaodeshizairenhezhichangdouxuyaodegoutongnengli、guanlinengli,youqiqiangdiaoguojizuzhi、kuawenhuagongzuosuoxuyaodemouxienengli,liruhuobanguanxi(partnership)、tuanduijingshen(team spirit)、xietongpeihe(synergy)、hudong(interaction)、xianghuzunzhongyulijie(mutual respect and understanding)deng。zaigongzuozhong,yaoyouyishidepeiyangyouxiaoxingweidenengli,bimianwuxiaoxingwei。

shijieweishengzuzhiyouyigequanqiunenglimoban(global competency model),fanyingleduiguojigongwuyuangefangmiannenglidezongtiyaoqiu,fenweihexinnengli、guanlinengli、lingdaonenglisandalei,gong13xiangneirong,henjuyoucankaojiazhi。

gulizhichigaoxiaobiyeshengzizhuchuangye,wendinglinghuojiuye

77.gaoxiaobiyeshengzizhuchuangye,keyixiangshounaxieyouhuizhengce?

anzhao《guowuyuanyaboappjinyibuzuohaoxinxingshixiajiuyechuangyegongzuodeyijian》(guofa〔2015〕23hao)、《guowuyuanbangongtingyaboappshenhuagaodengxuexiaochuangxinchuangyejiaoyugaigedeshishiyijian》(guobanfa〔2015〕36hao)dengwenjianguiding,gaoxiaobiyeshengzizhuchuangyeyouhuizhengcezhuyaobaokuo:

(1)shuishouyouhui:chirenshebumenhefa《jiuyechuangyezheng》(zhuming“biyenianduneizizhuchuangyeshuishouzhengce”)degaoxiaobiyeshengzaibiyeniandunei(zhibiyesuozaizirannian,ji1yue1rizhi12yue31ri)chuangbangetigongshanghu、gerenduziqiyede,3nianneianmeihumeinian8000yuanweixianeyicikoujianqidangnianshijiyingjiaonadeyingyeshui、chengshiweihujiansheshui、jiaoyufeifujiahegerensuodeshui。duigaoxiaobiyeshengchuangbandexiaoxingweiliqiye,anguojiaguidingxiangshouxiangguanshuishouzhichizhengce。

(2)chuangyedanbaodaikuanhetiexizhichi:duifuhetiaojiandegaoxiaobiyeshengzizhuchuangyede,kezaichuangyedianguidingshenqingchuangyedanbaodaikuan,daikuaneduwei10wanyuan。gulijinrongjigoucanzhaodaikuanjichulilv,jiehefengxianfendanqingkuang,heliquedingdaikuanlilvshuiping,duigerenfafangdechuangyedanbaodaikuan,zaidaikuanjichulilvjichushangshangfu3gebaifendianyineide,youcaizhengjiyutiexi。

(3)mianshouyouguanxingzhengshiyexingshoufei:biye2nianyineideputonggaoxiaobiyeshengcongshigetijingying(chuguojiaxianzhidexingyewai)de,ziqizaigongshangbumenshoucizhucedengjizhiriqi3niannei,mianshouguanlilei、dengjileihezhengzhaoleidengyouguanxingzhengshiyexingshoufei。

(4)xiangshoupeixunbutie:duigaoxiaobiyeshengzaibiyexuenian(jicongbiyeqianyinian7yue1riqide12geyue)neicanjiachuangyepeixunde,genjuqihuodechuangyepeixunhegezhengshuhuojiuye、chuangyeqingkuang,anguidingjiyupeixunbutie。

(5)mianfeichuangyefuwu:youchuangyeyiyuandegaoxiaobiyesheng,kemianfeihuodegonggongjiuyeherencaifuwujigoutigongdechuangyezhidaofuwu,baokuozhengcezixun、xinxifuwu、xiangmukaifa、fengxianpinggu、kaiyezhidao、rongzifuwu、genzongfuchideng“yitiaolong”chuangyefuwu。gedizaichongfenfahuigeleichuangyefuhuajidizuoyongdejichushang,yindizhiyijiansheyipidaxueshengchuangyefuhuajidi,bingjiyuxiangguanzhengcefuchi。duijidineidaxueshengchuangyeqiyeyaotigongpeixunhezhidaofuwu,luoshifuchizhengce,nulitigaochuangyechenggonglv,yanzhangqiyecunhuoqi。

(6)quxiaogaoxiaobiyeshengluohuxianzhi,yunxugaoxiaobiyeshengzaichuangyedibanliluohushouxu(zhixiashianyouguanguidingzhixing)。

78. daxueshengchuangyegongshangdengjiyoushenmeyaoqiu?

shenhuashangshizhidugaige,jinyibuluoshizhucezibendengjizhidugaige,jianjuetuixinggongshangyingyezhizhao、zuzhijigoudaimazheng、shuiwudengjizheng“sanzhengheyi”,tuijin“sanzhengheyi”dengjizhidugaigeyijianhetongyishehuixinyongdaimafangan,shixian“yizhaoyima”。fangkuanxinzhuceqiyechangsuodengjitiaojianxianzhi,tuidong“yizhiduozhao”、jiqunzhucedeng,jiangdidaxueshengchuangyemenjian。

79.duidaxueshengzizhuchuangyexuejiguanliyoushenmeyaoqiu?

genju《jiaoyubuyaboappzuohao2016jiequanguoputonggaodengxuexiaobiyeshengjiuyechuangyegongzuodetongzhi》(jiaoxue〔2015〕12hao)wenjianguiding,duiyouzizhuchuangyeyiyuandedaxuesheng,shishidanxingxuezhi,fangkuanxueshengxiuyenianxian,yunxudiaozhengxueyejincheng、baoliuxuejixiuxuechuangxinchuangye。

80.gaoxiaoduizizhuchuangyedaxueshengketigongshenmetiaojian?

anzhao《putonggaodengxuexiaoxueshengguanliguiding》(zhonghuarenmingongheguojiaoyubulingdi41hao)、《jiaoyubuyaboappzuohao2016jiequanguoputonggaodengxuexiaobiyeshengjiuyechuangyegongzuodetongzhi》(jiaoxue〔2015〕12hao)wenjianguiding:

(1)xueshengcanjiachuangxinchuangye、shehuishijiandenghuodongyijifabiaolunwen、huodezhuanlishouquandengyuzhuanyexuexi、xueyeyaoqiuxiangguandejingli、chengguo,keyizhesuanweixuefen,jiruxueyechengji。jutibanfayouxuexiaoguiding。xuexiaoyingdangguli、zhichihezhidaoxueshengcanjiashehuishijian、chuangxinchuangyehuodong,keyijianlichuangxinchuangyedangan、shezhichuangxinchuangyexuefen。

(2)xuexiaokeyigenjuqingkuangjianlibingshixinglinghuodexuexizhidu。duixiuxuechuangyedexuesheng,keyidanduguidingzuizhangxuexinianxian,bingjianhuaxiuxuepizhunchengxu。

(3)xiuxuechuangyehuotuiyihoufuxuedexuesheng,yinzishenqingkuangxuyaozhuanzhuanyede,xuexiaoyingdangyouxiankaolv。

(4)gedigegaoxiaojiansheyipidaxueshengchuangyeshifanjidi,jixutuidongdaxuekejiyuan、chuangyeyuan、chuangyefuhuajidiheshixishijianjidijianshe,gaoxiaoyingkaipizhuanmenchangdiyongyuxueshengchuangxinchuangyeshijianhuodong,jiaoyubugongchengyanjiuzhongxin、geleishiyanshi、jiaoxueyiqishebeidengyuanzeshangdouyaoxiangxueshengkaifang。

(5)gegaoxiaoyaoyouhuajingfeizhichujiegou,duoqudaotongchouanpaizijin,zhichichuangxinchuangyejiaoyujiaoxue,zizhuxueshengchuangxinchuangyexiangmu。

81.gaoxiaobiyeshengzenyangtishengzizhuchuangyedenengli?

gegaoxiaoyaogenjurencaipeiyangdingweihechuangxinchuangyejiaoyumubiaoyaoqiu,cujinzhuanyejiaoyuyuchuangxinchuangyejiaoyuyoujironghe,diaozhengzhuanyekechengshezhi,wajuehechongshigeleizhuanyekechengdechuangxinchuangyejiaoyuziyuan,zaichuanshouzhuanyezhishiguochengzhongjiaqiangchuangxinchuangyejiaoyu。mianxiangquantixueshengkaifakaishechuangxinchuangyebixiukehexuanxiuke,naruxuefenguanli。

gedirenliziyuanshehuibaozhangbumenyixingchengyixiechengshudechuangyepeixunmoshi,ru“gyb”(chanshengnideqiyexiangfa)、“syb”(chuangbannideqiye)、“iyb”(gaishannideqiye);gaoxiaobiyeshengkexuanzecanjiachuangyepeixunheshixun,bingkeanguidingxiangshoupeixunbutie,yitigaochuangyenengli。

82.gaoxiaoruhekaizhanchuangxinchuangyejiaoyu?

jianquanchuangxinchuangyejiaoyukechengtixi。gaoxiaoyaojiakuaichuangxinchuangyejiaoyuyouzhikechengxinxihuajianshe,tuichuyipiziyuangongxiangdemuke、shipingongkaikedengzaixiankaifangkecheng。jianlizaixiankaifangkechengxuexirenzhenghexuefenrendingzhidu。zuzhixuekedaitouren、xingyeqiyeyouxiurencai,lianhebianxiejuyoukexuexing、xianjinxing、shiyongxingdechuangxinchuangyejiaoyuzhongdianjiaocai。

gaigejiaoxuefangfahekaohefangfa。gaoxiaoyaoguangfankaizhanqifashi、taolunshi、canyushijiaoxue,kuodaxiaobanhuajiaoxuefugaimian,tuidongjiaoshibaguojiqianyanxueshufazhan、zuixinyanjiuchengguoheshijianjingyanrongruketangjiaoxue,zhuzhongpeiyangxueshengdepipanxinghechuangzaoxingsiwei,jifachuangxinchuangyelinggan。yunyong“dashuju”jishu,zhangwobutongxueshengxuexixuqiuheguilv,weixueshengzizhuxuexitigonggengjiafengfuduoyangdejiaoyuziyuan。gaigekaoshikaoheneironghefangshi,zhuzhongkaochaxueshengyunyongzhishifenxi、jiejuewentidenengli,tansuofeibiaozhundaankaoshi,pochu“gaofendineng”jibi。

qianghuachuangxinchuangyeshijian。gaoxiaoyaojiaqiangzhuanyeshiyanshi、xunifangzhenshiyanshi、chuangyeshiyanshihexunlianzhongxinjianshe,cujinshiyanjiaoxuepingtaigongxiang。gediqu、gegaoxiaokejichuangxinziyuanyuanzeshangxiangquantizaixiaoxueshengkaifang,kaifangqingkuangnarugeleiyanjiujidi、zhongdianshiyanshi、kejiyuanpinggubiaozhun。guligediqu、gegaoxiaochongfenliyonggezhongziyuanjianshedaxuekejiyuan、daxueshengchuangyeyuan、chuangyefuhuajidihexiaoweiqiyechuangyejidi,zuoweichuangyejiaoyushijianpingtai,jianhaoyipidaxueshengxiaowaishijianjiaoyujidi、chuangyeshifanjidi、kejichuangyeshixijidihezhiyeyuanxiaoshixunjidi。wanshanguojia、difang、gaoxiaosanjichuangxinchuangyeshixunjiaoxuetixi,shenrushishidaxueshengchuangxinchuangyexunlianjihua,kuodafugaimian,cujinxiangmuluodizhuanhua。jubanquanguodaxueshengchuangxinchuangyedasai,banhaoquanguozhiyeyuanxiaojinengdasai,zhichijubangeleikejichuangxin、chuangyisheji、chuangyejihuadengzhuantijingsai。zhichigaoxiaoxueshengchenglichuangxinchuangyexiehui、chuangyejulebudengshetuan,jubanchuangxinchuangyejiangzuoluntan,kaizhanchuangxinchuangyeshijian。

83.ruhexianggaoxiaobiyeshengchuangshedexiaoweiqiyeyouxianzhuanyikejichengguo?

guojiaguliliyongcaizhengxingzijinshelidekeyanjigou、putonggaoxiao、zhiyeyuanxiao,tongguohezuoshishi、zhuanrang、xukehetouzidengfangshi,xianggaoxiaobiyeshengchuangshedexiaoweiqiyeyouxianzhuanyikejichengguo。

84.zenyangshenqingchuangyedanbaodaikuan?zainaxieyinxingkeyishenqingchuangyedanbaodaikuan?

chuangyedanbaodaikuananzhaoziyuanshenqing、shequtuijian、renliziyuanshehuibaozhangbumenshencha、daikuandanbaojigoushenhebingchengnuodanbao、shangyeyinxinghedaidechengxu,banlidaikuanshouxu。

geguoyoushangyeyinxing、gufenzhishangyeyinxing、chengshishangyeyinxinghechengxiangxinyongshedoukeyikaibanchuangyedanbaodaikuanyewu,gediqugenjushijiqingkuangquedingjutijingbanyinxing。zaizhidingdejutijingbanyinxingkeyibanlichuangyedanbaodaikuan。

85. naxiexiangmushuyuweilixiangmu?

weilixiangmuyougesheng、zizhiqu、zhixiashirenminzhengfujiehedangdishijiqingkuangqueding,bingbaocaizhengbu、zhongguorenminyinxing、renliziyuanheshehuibaozhangbubeian。duiyucongshiweilixiangmude,caizhengjushiquanetiexi,zhanqibutiexi。

86.lixiaohouweijiuyegaoxiaobiyeshengruhecanjiajiuyejianxi?

renliziyuanshehuibaozhangbumentongguomeiti、gonggongjiuyeherencaifuwujigouyijidianshi、wangluo、baozhidengduozhongqudao,fabujiuyejianxixinxi,gongbujianxidanweimingdan、gangweishuliang、qixian、renyuanyaoqiudengyouguanneirong,huozhezuzhikaizhanjianxidanweihegaoxiaobiyeshengdeshuangxiangxuanzehuodong,bangzhulixiaoweijiuyegaoxiaobiyeshenghejianxidanweiduijie。lixiaohouweijiuyehuidaoyuanjidegaoxiaobiyeshengkeyuyuanjisuozaidirenliziyuanshehuibaozhangbumenjidangdituanzuzhilianxi,zhudongshenqingcanjiajiuyejianxi。

87.jiuyejianxiqixianyouduozhang?

gaoxiaobiyeshengjiuyejianxiqixianyibanwei3-12geyue。

gaoxiaobiyeshengjiuyejianxihuodongjieshuhou,jianxidanweiduigaoxiaobiyeshengjinxingkaohejianding,chujujianxizhengming,zuoweiyongrendanweizhaopinhexuanyongjianxigaoxiaobiyeshengdeyijuzhiyi。zaijianxiqijian,youjianxidanweizhengshilu(pin)yongde,zaigaidanweidejianxiqikeyizuoweigonglingjisuan。

88.lixiaoweijiuyegaoxiaobiyeshengcanjiajiuyejianxixiangshounaxiezhengcehefuwu?

(1)huodejibenshenghuobuzhu(jibenshenghuobuzhufeiyongyoujianxidanweihedifangzhengfufendan,gediyaogenjudangdijingjifazhanhewujiashuiping,heliquedinghejishidiaozhengjibenshenghuobuzhubiaozhun);

(2)mianfeibanlirenshidaili;

(3)banlirenshenyiwaishanghaibaoxian;

(4)jianxiqimanweibeiluyongkejixuxiangshoujiuyezhidaoyufuwu。

89.jianxidanweinengxiangshoushenmeyouhuizhengce?

duiqiye(danwei)xinalixiaoweijiuyegaoxiaobiyeshengcanjiajiuyejianxide,youjianxiqiye(danwei)xianxingdianfujianxirenyuanjianxiqijianjibenshenghuobuzhu,zaianguidingxiangdangdirenliziyuanshehuibaozhangbumenshenqingjiuyejianxibutie。

jiuyejianxibutieshenqingcailiaoyingfu:shijicanjiajiuyejianxiderenyuanmingdan、jiuyejianxixieyishu、jianxirenyuan《shenfenzheng》、《dengjizheng》fuyinjianhedaxuebiyezhengfuyinjian、qiye(danwei)fafangjibenshenghuobuzhumingxizhang(dan)、qiye(danwei)zaiyinxingkailidejibenzhanghudengpingzhengcailiao,jingrenliziyuanshehuibaozhangbumenshenhehou,caizhengbumenjiangzijinzhifudaoqiye(danwei)zaiyinxingkailidejibenzhanghu。

jianxidanweizhichudejianxibutiexiangguanfeiyong,bujirushehuibaoxianjiaofeijishu,danfuheshuishoufalvfaguiguidingde,keyizaijisuanqiyesuodeshuiyingnashuisuodeeshikouchu。

90.gaoxiaobiyeshengruheshenqingcanjiazhiyepeixun?

zhiyepeixunyougedirenliziyuanshehuibaozhangbumenfuzezuzhishishi。gaoxiaobiyeshengkedaodangdirenliziyuanshehuibaozhangbumenzixunlejiezhiyepeixunkaizhanqingkuang,xuanzeshiyidepeixunxiangmucanjia。

zhiyepeixungongzuozhuyaoyouzhengfurendingdepeixunjigou、jigongyuanxiaohuoqiyesuoshupeixunjigouchengdan。

91. gaoxiaobiyeshengnengfouxiangshouzhiyepeixunbutiezhengce?ruheshenqingzhiyepeixunbutie?

gaoxiaobiyeshengbiyenianduneicanjiajiuyejinengpeixunhuochuangyepeixun,keanguidingxiangdangdirenliziyuanshehuibaozhangbumenshenqingzhiyepeixunbutie。biyehouanguidingjinxingleshiyedengjidegaoxiaobiyeshengcanjiajiuyejinengpeixunhuochuangyepeixun,yekexiangdangdirenliziyuanshehuibaozhangbumenshenqingzhiyepeixunbutie。

anzhao《caizhengbu、renliziyuanshehuibaozhangbuyaboappjinyibujiaqiangjiuyezhuanxiangzijinguanliyouguanwentidetongzhi》(caishe〔2011〕64hao)dengwenjianguiding,shenqingcailiaojingrenliziyuanshehuibaozhangbumenshenhehou,caizhengbumenanguidingjiangbutiezijinzhijiebofujishenqingzhebenren。zhiyepeixunbutieshenqingcailiaoyingfu:peixunrenyuan《shenfenzheng》fuyinjian、《jiuyechuangyezheng》fuyinjian、zhiyezigezhengshu(zhuanxiangzhiyenenglizhengshuhuopeixunhegezhengshu)fuyinjian、jiuyehuochuangyezhengmingcailiao、zhiyepeixunjigoukaijudexingzhengshiyexingshoufeipiaoju(huoshuiwufapiao)dengpingzhengcailiao。

gaoxiaobiyeshengcanjiajiuyejinengpeixunhuochuangyepeixunhou,peixunhegebingtongguozhiyejinengjiandingqudechujiyishangzhiyezigezhengshu(weibanbuguojiazhiyejinengbiaozhundezhiyeyingqudezhuanxiangzhiyenenglizhengshuhuochuangyepeixunhegezhengshu),6geyueneishixianjiuyede,anzhiyepeixunbutiebiaozhunde100%jiyubutie。6geyueneimeiyoushixianjiuyede,qudechujiyishangzhiyezigezhengshu,anzhiyepeixunbutiebiaozhunde80%jiyubutie;qudezhuanxiangzhiyenenglizhengshuhuochuangyepeixunhegezhengshu,anzhiyepeixunbutiebiaozhunde60%jiyubutie。

92.gaoxiaobiyeshengruhehuoquzhiyezigezhengshu?

gaoxiaobiyeshenggerenkexiangzhiyejinengjiandingsuo(zhan)zizhushenqingzhiyejinengjianding。zhiyejinengjiandingyaocanjialilunzhishikaoshihecaozuojineng(zhuanyenengli)kaohe。jingjiandinghegezhe,yourenliziyuanshehuibaozhangbumenhefaxiangyingdezhiyezigezhengshu。

93.gaoxiaobiyeshengnengfouxiangshouzhiyejinengjiandingbutiezhengce,ruheshenqingjinengjiandingbutie?

anzhao《caizhengbu、renliziyuanshehuibaozhangbuyaboappjinyibujiaqiangjiuyezhuanxiangzijinguanliyouguanwentidetongzhi》(caishe〔2011〕64hao)dengwenjianguiding,duigaoxiaobiyeshengzaibiyenianduneitongguochucizhiyejinengjiandingbingqudezhiyezigezhengshuhuozhuanxiangzhiyenenglizhengshude,anguidingjiyuyicixingzhiyejinengjiandingbutie。

tongguochucizhiyejinengjiandingbingqudezhiyezigezhengshuhuozhuanxiangzhiyenenglizhengshude,kexiangzhiyejinengjiandingsuozaidirenliziyuanshehuibaozhangbumenshenqingyicixingzhiyejinengjiandingbutie。zhiyejinengjiandingbutieshenqingcailiaoyingfu:shenqingren《shenfenzheng》fuyinjian、《jiuyechuangyezheng》fuyinjian、zhiyezigezhengshufuyinjian、zhiyejinengjiandingjigoukaijudexingzhengshiyexingshoufeipiaoju(huoshuiwufapiao)dengpingzhengcailiao,jingrenliziyuanshehuibaozhangbumenshenhehou,caizhengbumenanguidingjiangbutiezijinzhifujishenqingzhebenren。

weigaoxiaobiyeshengtigongjiuyezhidao、jiuyefuwuhejiuyeyuanzhu

94.zhuyaoyounaxiejigouweigaoxiaobiyeshengtigongjiuyefuwu?

(1)gonggongjiuyeherencaifuwujigou

yougejirenliziyuanshehuibaozhangbumenjubandegonggongjiuyeherencaifuwujigou,weigaoxiaobiyeshengmianfeitigongzhengcezixun、jiuyexinxi、zhiyezhidao、zhiyejieshao、jiuyeyuanzhu、jiuyeyushiyedengjihuoqiuzhidengjidenggexianggonggongfuwu,anguidingweidengjishiyegaoxiaobiyeshengmianfeitigongrenshidanganguanlidengfuwu。ciwai,haidingqikaizhanmianxianggaoxiaobiyeshengdegonggongjiuyeherencaifuwuzhuanxianghuodong,birumeinian5yue“minyingqiyezhaopinzhou”、meinian9yue“gaoxiaobiyeshengjiuyefuwuyue”、meinian11yue“gaoxiaobiyeshengjiuyefuwuzhou”deng,weigaoxiaobiyeshengheyongrendanweidajiangongxuduijiepingtai。

(2)gaoxiaobiyeshengjiuyezhidaojigou

muqian,geshengjiaoyubumen、gegaoxiaopubianjianlilegaoxiaobiyeshengjiuyezhidaojigou,weibiyeshengtigongjiuyezixun、yongrendanweizhaopinjishixishixunxinxi、qiuzhijiqiao、zhiyeshengyafudao、biyeshengtuijian、shixishijiannenglitishenghejiuyeshouxubanlidengduoxiangjiuyezhidaohefuwu。

(3)zhiyezhongjiejigou

zhuyaobaokuocongshirenliziyuanfuwudejingyingxingjigou,zhengfuguligeleizhiyezhongjiejigouweigaoxiaobiyeshengtigongjiuyefuwu,duiweidengjishiyegaoxiaobiyeshengtigongfuwubingfuhetiaojiandezhiyezhongjiejigouanguidingjiyuzhiyejieshaobutie。

95.zhiyezhongjiejigouruhexiangshouzhiyejieshaobutie?

anzhao《caizhengbu、renliziyuanshehuibaozhangbuyaboappjinyibujiaqiangjiuyezhuanxiangzijinguanliyouguanwentidetongzhi》(caishe〔2011〕64hao)dengwenjianguiding,zaigongshangxingzhengbumendengjizhucedezhiyezhongjiejigou,keanjingqijiuyefuwuhoushijijiuyededengjishiyerenyuanrenshuxiangdangdirenliziyuanshehuibaozhangbumenshenqingzhiyejieshaobutie。

zhiyejieshaobutieshenqingcailiaoyingfu:jingzhiyezhongjiejigoujiuyefuwuhouyishixianjiuyededengjishiyerenyuanmingdan、jieshoujiuyefuwudebenrenqianmingji《juminshenfenzheng》(yixiajiancheng《shenfenzheng》)fuyinjian、《jiuyechuangyezheng》(yixiajiancheng《dengjizheng》)fuyinjian、laodonghetongdengjiuyezhengmingcailiaofuyinjian、zhiyezhongjiejigouzaiyinxingkailidejibenzhanghudengpingzhengcailiao。shenqingcailiaojingrenliziyuanshehuibaozhangbumenshenhehou,caizhengbumenanguidingjiangbutiezijinzhifudaozhiyezhongjiejigouzaiyinxingkailidejibenzhanghu。

96.gaoxiaobiyeshenghuoqujiuyexinxidezhuyaoqudaoyounaxie?

(1)liulangeleijiuyexinxiwangzhan,baokuozhongyangyouguanbumenzhubandequanguoxingjiuyexinxiwangzhan、difangyouguanbumenzhubandejiuyexinxiwangzhan、gegaoxiaojiuyexinxiwangzhanjixiaoneibbsqiuzhibanmian、qitazhuanyexingjiuyewangzhandeng;

(2)canjiageleizhaopinheshuangxiangxuanzehuodong,baokuoguojiayouguanbumen、gedi、xuexiao、yongrendanweidengxiangguanjigouzuzhidegeleixianchanghuowangluozhaopinhuodong;

(3)canyuxiaoqihezuoshixi,baokuoshehuishijian、biyeshixidenghuodong;

(4)chayuemeitiguanggao,rubaozhi、kanwu、diantai、dianshitai、shipinmeitideng;

(5)tarentuijian,rudaoshi、xiaoyou、qinyoudeng;

(6)zhudongdaodanweiqiuzhizijiandeng。

97.zaixiaoqijiangaoxiaobiyeshengkeyitongguonaxietujingtishengjiuyenengli?

zaixuehaozhuanyezhishijinengdetongshi,genjuxuexiaoyaoqiuhuoanpai,biyeshengkeyitongguoxuanxiuhuobixiujiuyezhidaokecheng、canyuxuexiaozuzhidejiuyeshixi、jiqiaofudao、monizhaopindenghuodong,xuexihelejiexiangguanzhiyedeziliaohexinxi,chongfenjiezhushehuishijianpingtai,quanmiantishengjiuyenengli。

gaoxiaobiyeshenghaiketongguoxuexiaoshishidebiyezhengshuyuzhiyezigezhengshu“shuangzhengshu”zhidu、zuzhidaoqiyedinggangshixi、canjiarenliziyuanshehuibaozhangbumenrendingdedingdianjigoukaizhandezhiyejinengpeixundeng,qieshizengqiangzishendegangweishiyingnengliyujiuyejingzhengli,cujinzhiyesuyangdeyangcheng。

98.kunnanjiatinggaoxiaobiyeshengbaokuonaxiebiyesheng?xiangshounaxiebangfuzhengce?

kunnanjiatinggaoxiaobiyeshengshizhi:laizichengzhendibaojiating、dibaobianyuanhujiating、nongcunpinkunjiatinghecanjirenjiatingdeputonggaoxiaobiyesheng。

gejijiguankaolugongwuyuan、shiyedanweizhaopingongzuorenyuanshi,mianshoukunnanjiatinggaoxiaobiyeshengdebaomingfeihetijianfei。

weibangzhukunnanjiatingdegaoxiaobiyeshengqiuzhijiuye,gaoxiaoyibandouhuianpaijingfeizuoweikunnanjiatingbiyeshengdeqiuzhibuzhu,huoduiyichenggongjiuyedekunnanjiatingbiyeshengjiyujiangli。kunnanjiatingdebiyeshengkexiangsuozaiyuanxishumianshenqing。xuexiaoyeyinggenjupingshizhangwodeqingkuang,duikunnanjiatingdebiyeshengjiyuzhudongbangzhu。

cong2013nianqi,duixiangshouchengxiangjuminzuidishenghuobaozhangjiating、huodeguojiazhuxuedaikuandebiyenianduneigaoxiaobiyesheng,kejiyuyicixingqiuzhichuangyebutie,butiebiaozhunyougeshengjicaizheng、renliziyuanshehuibaozhangbumenhuitongyouguanbumengenjudangdishijizhiding,suoxuzijinanguidinglierujiuyezhuanxiangzijinzhichufanwei。

99.gaoxiaobiyeshengruhebanlijiuyedengjiheshiyedengji?lixiaohouweijiuyeruhehuodexiangyingdejiuyezhidaohefuwu?

zaifadinglaodongnianlingnei、youlaodongnenglihejiuyeyaoqiu、chuyuwuyezhuangtaidechengzhenchangzhurenyuan,keyidaochangzhudidegonggongjiuyefuwujigoujinxingshiyedengji。gedigonggongjiuyefuwujigouyaoweidengjishiyedegeleirenyuantigongjundenghuadezhengcezixun、zhiyezhidao、zhiyejieshaodenggonggongjiuyefuwuhepuhuixingjiuyezhengce,bingzhubushiwailailaodongzheyudangdihujirenkouxiangyoutongdengdejiuyefuchizhengce。jiang《jiuyeshiyedengjizheng》diaozhengwei《jiuyechuangyezheng》,mianfeifafang,zuoweilaodongzhexiangshougonggongjiuyefuwujijiuyefuchizhengcedepingzheng。youtiaojiandedifangkejijituidongshehuibaozhangkazaijiuyelingyudeyingyong。

100.lixiaoweijiuyegaoxiaobiyeshengxiangshounaxiefuwuhezhengce?

anzhao《guowuyuanbangongtingyaboappzuohao2013nianquanguoputonggaodengxuexiaobiyeshengjiuyegongzuodetongzhi》(guobanfa[2013]35hao)he《renliziyuanshehuibaozhangbuyaboappshishilixiaoweijiuyegaoxiaobiyeshengjiuyecujinjihuadetongzhi》(renshebufa〔2013〕41hao)yaoqiu,weizuohaolixiaoweijiuyegaoxiaobiyeshengjiuyegongzuo,cong2013nianqishishilixiaoweijiuyegaoxiaobiyeshengjiuyecujinjihua:

(1)difanggejirenshebumensuoshugonggongjiuyerencaifuwujigouhejicenggonggongjiuyefuwupingtaiyaomianxiangsuoyoulixiaoweijiuyegaoxiaobiyesheng(baokuohujibuzaibendidegaoxiaobiyesheng)kaifang,banliqiuzhidengjihuoshiyedengjishouxu,fafang《jiuyechuangyezheng》,moqingjiuyefuwuxuqiu。qizhong,zhixiashiweifeibendihujigaoxiaobiyeshengbanlishiyedengjibanfaanxianxingguidingzhixing;

(2)duishimingdengjidesuoyouweijiuyegaoxiaobiyeshengtigonggengjuzhenduixingdezhiyezhidao;

(3)duiyouqiuzhiyiyuandegaoxiaobiyeshengyaojishitigongjiuyexinxi;

(4)duiyouchuangyeyiyuandegaoxiaobiyesheng,gediyaonarudangdichuangyefuwutixi,tigongzhengcezixun、xiangmukaifa、chuangyepeixun、rongzifuwu、genzongfuchideng“yitiaolong”chuangyefuwu。jishitigongjiuyexinxi;

(5)yaojianglingjiuyejiating、jingjikunnanjiating、canjidengjiuyekunnandeweijiuyegaoxiaobiyeshenglieweizhongdiangongzuoduixiang,tigong“yiduiyi”gexinghuajiuyebangfu,quebaoshixianjiuye;

(6)duiyoujiuyejianxiyiyuandegaoxiaobiyesheng,gediyaojishinarujiuyejianxigongzuoduixiangfanwei,quebaonenggousuishicanjia;

(7)duiyoupeixunyiyuandelixiaoweijiuyegaoxiaobiyesheng,gediyaojieheqizhuanyetedian,zuzhicanjiazhiyepeixunhejinengjianding,anguidingluoshixiangguanbutiezhengce;

(8)difanggejigonggongjiuyerencaifuwujigouyaoweilixiaoweijiuyegaoxiaobiyeshengmianfeitigongdangantuoguan、renshidaili、shehuibaoxianbanlihejiexudengyixiliefuwu,jianhuafuwuliucheng,tigaofuwuxiaolv;youtiaojiandedifangkeduidaoxiaoweiqiyejiuyedelixiaoweijiuyegaoxiaobiyesheng,tigongmianfeiderenshilaodongbaozhangdailifuwu;

(9)jiadarenliziyuanshichangjianguanlidu,yanlidajizhaopinguochengzhongdeqizhaxingwei,jishijiuzhengxingbieqishiheqitageleijiuyeqishi。jiadalaodongyonggong、jiaonashehuibaoxianfeidengfangmiandelaodongbaozhangjianchalidu,qieshiweihugaoxiaobiyeshengjiuyehoudehefaquanyi。